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Cluster singleton manager

Project description

BeatCop is a simple cluster singleton manager. It ensures that a managed process runs on exactly one node in a cluster at a time, no more, no less (assuming there is at least one node left alive).

It was created for managing Celery beat in an autoscaling pool of Celery workers but was written as generic process manager and can therefore be used for pretty much anything. It uses Redis to communicate.

Mechanism

BeatCop uses an expiring Redis key (SET EX NX) as a lock, which it continually refreshes while the controlled process is running. If the BeatCop or the whole node dies for any reason, drops off the network or loses connection to Redis, the lock expires and a waiting BeatCop on another node will then acquire the lock and launch a new process.

The lock is acquired (via SET NX) and refreshed (via a short LUA script) atomically, so there should be no race conditions.

BeatCop also tries very hard to make sure that if anything goes wrong, the monitored process is stopped.

Prerequisites

  • A server running Redis 2.6.12 or higher to which all nodes can connect.

Installation

# Make a virtualenv if you like first
pip install -r requirements.txt
./beatcop.py /path/to/beatcop.ini

It is typically a good idea to run BeatCop in something that will restart it if it dies, such as daemon-tools or the dreaded Upstart.

Configuration

See example beatcop.ini.

Caveats

BeatCop relies on Redis connectivity. If Redis updates fail, BeatCop will stop the controlled process and exit, hoping that at least one other node can still talk to Redis and spawn a new process. If all nodes lose Redis connectivity, this will obviously fail. BeatCop now supports Redis Cluster (see example beatcop.ini), which means Redis no longer has to be the single point of failure.

BeatCop does not currently work via nutcracker (twemproxy).

License

MIT - see LICENSE file.

Project details


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This version

1.0

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