Skip to main content
Join the official 2020 Python Developers SurveyStart the survey!

Fiona is OGR's neater API

Project description

Fiona is OGR’s neater API – sleek and elegant on the outside, indomitable power on the inside.

Fiona provides a minimal, uncomplicated Python interface to the open source GIS community’s most trusted geodata access library and integrates readily with other Python GIS packages such as pyproj, Rtree, and Shapely.

How minimal? Fiona can read features as mappings from shapefiles or other GIS vector formats and write mappings as features to files using the same formats. That’s all. There aren’t any feature or geometry classes. Features and their geometries are just data.

Dependencies

Fiona requires Python 2.6+ and libgdal 1.3.2+.

Installation

Assuming you will install in a virtual environment:

$ virtualenv .
$ source bin/activate
(Fiona)$ pip install -d Fiona Fiona-0.5.tar.gz
(Fiona)$ export GDAL=${PATH_TO_GDAL}
(Fiona)$ cd Fiona
(Fiona)$ python setup.py build_ext -I ${GDAL}/include -L ${GDAL}/lib install

If GDAL/OGR headers and libs aren’t installed to a well known location, you must pass the locations in using setup arguments as shown above.

Usage

Collections are much like file objects. Features are mappings modeled on the GeoJSON format and if you want to do anything fancy with them you will probably need Shapely or something like it:

from fiona import collection
from shapely import asShape, mapping

# Open a source of features
with collection("docs/data/test_uk.shp", "r") as source:

    # Define a schema for the feature sink
    schema = input.schema.copy()
    schema['geometry'] = 'Point'

    # Open a new sink for features
    with collection(
            "test_write.shp", "w", driver="ESRI Shapefile", schema=schema
            ) as sink:

        # Process only the features intersecting a box
        for f in source.filter(bbox=(-5.0, 55.0, 0.0, 60.0)):

            # Get their centroids using Shapely
            f['geometry'] = mapping(asShape(f['geometry']).centroid)

            # Stage feature for writing
            sink.write(f)

    # The sink shapefile is written to disk when its ``with`` block ends

Development and testing

Building from the source requires Cython. Tests require Nose. From the distribution root:

$ virtualenv .
$ source bin/activate
(Fiona)$ ./cypsrc
(Fiona)$ export GDAL=${PATH_TO_GDAL}
(Fiona)$ python setup.py build_ext -I ${GDAL}/include -L ${GDAL}/lib develop
(Fiona)$ python setup.py nosetests

Project details


Release history Release notifications | RSS feed

This version

0.5

Download files

Download the file for your platform. If you're not sure which to choose, learn more about installing packages.

Files for Fiona, version 0.5
Filename, size File type Python version Upload date Hashes
Filename, size Fiona-0.5.tar.gz (106.9 kB) File type Source Python version None Upload date Hashes View

Supported by

Pingdom Pingdom Monitoring Google Google Object Storage and Download Analytics Sentry Sentry Error logging AWS AWS Cloud computing DataDog DataDog Monitoring Fastly Fastly CDN DigiCert DigiCert EV certificate StatusPage StatusPage Status page