Tools for the ITI1480A usb protocol analyser
User-space driver and tools for ITI1480A USB analyser.
I am not affiliated with International Test Instruments in any way. ITI kindly accepted that I start reverse-engineering their windows-only software so I could use with Linux the I bought from them. I had no privileged access to any documentation of any kind.
- Python 2.4+ (though mostly tested with 2.7 nowadays) or pypy for ~7 times faster parsing
- libusb 1.0
- udev (should come from your distribution)
The ITI1480A analyser is composed of 2 programable chips:
A Cypress FX2, to be programmed on first device enumeration after connection to analysis computer. Its firmware transmits commands send by analysis computer to the main analyser chip and streams capture data back.
This chip controls the “Host power” led: if the firmware is properly loaded, this led must be on.
An Altera Cyclone 2 FPGA, which produces data which is stored in capture files by listening to events from the link under test. Its firmware is loaded at the beginning of each capture session.
This chip controls the “Link power” and “Link activity” leds.
Just for completeness, there is a small flash chip which merely contains power-on vendor and device identifiers so an unprogrammed ITI1480A FX2 can still be distinguished from any other device’s FX2.
A free software implementation of this firmware exists, so you have two options:
No free software implementation exist (yet). Contributions welcome.
I the mean time, you need to use the proprietary implementation from 1480A USB Protocol Analyzer Software, found under the name ulpitest.rbf in installation directory.
4.1.0b ultitest.rbf (latest version as of this writing) has been released stand-alone.
Notes: paths and udev group are suitable for at least Debian. You may need to edit udev/ITI1480A.rules and adapt below paths.
python setup.py install cp udev/ITI1480A.rules /etc/udev/rules.d/ cp udev/ITI1480A.sh /lib/udev/ wget -O /lib/firmware/ITI1480A.rbf http://www.internationaltestinstruments.com/Downloads/UlpiTest.rbf
ITI’s FX2 firmware:
spt2hex /path/to/ITI1480A.spt cp ITI1480A_1.ihx /lib/firmware/ITI1480A.ihx
spt2hex may generate several files (ITI1480A_0.ihx, ITI1480A_1.ihx, …), use the highest-numbered one.
Free Software FX2 firmware:
To rebuild from source:
FX2LIBDIR=/path_to/fx2lib/ make -C CY7C68013A
cp CY7C68013A/build/ITI1480A.ihx /lib/firmware/
To test installation, (re)plug your protocol analyser. If the “Host power” led turns on within a few seconds, your FX2 firmware was successfully installed and loaded, your analyser is ready to use.
To start a capture:
iti1480a-capture > captured.usb
Send signal SIGINT (^C) or SIGTERM to stop the capture, wait analyser to push all data to host and exit.
Send signal SIGTSTP (^Z) to pause the analyser, SIGCONT (fg) to resume.
To get a human-friendly text dump of a previos capture:
iti1480a-display -i captured.usb
To wath running capture without saving it:
iti1480a-capture | iti1480a-display -f
To watch running capture and save it for later analysis:
iti1480a-capture | iti1480a-display -ft captured.usb
By default, iti1480a-display hides a lot of verbose events, like NAK’ed and SOF transactions, or EOP events. You can tweak its filtering using -q (quieter) and -v (more verbose). Default verbosity level is 0, -q decrements it and -v increments it. Verbosity levels go from -1 (most quiet) to 4 (most verbose).
Example outputs: https://github.com/vpelletier/ITI1480A-linux/tree/master/examples
Red timestamps mean that output is detected as being non-chronological. This happens for implementation detail reasons, and is considered a bug (issue #4).