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Some simple tools for modelling MHD wave harmonics in an arbitrary magnetic field geometry.

Project description

MHDWaveHarmonics

Some simple tools for modelling MHD wave harmonics in an arbitrary magnetic field geometry.

Installation

Install using pip3:

pip3 install MHDWaveHarmonics --user

The installation will require the following packages:

  • numpy
  • scipy
  • matplotlib
  • PyGeopack
  • FieldTracing

all of which will be installed automatically. For modelling waves in Mercury's magnetosphere you will also require the KT17 model.

Usage

1. GetFieldLine

The GetFieldLine function will trace a model field, returning a TraceField object alongside a numpy.ndarray, s, which contains the distance along the traced field line and optionally h if the polarization is specified:

import MHDWaveHarmonics as wh
T,s = wh.GetFieldLine(pos,Date=None,ut=None,Model='KT17',Delta=None,Polarization='none',**kwargs)
T,s,h = wh.GetFieldLine(pos,Date=None,ut=None,Model='KT17',Delta=None,Polarization='poloidal',**kwargs)

where h is provided using a second trace if the Polarization parameter is set to 'poloidal', 'toroidal' or a float corresponding to an angle in degrees anticlockwise from the poloidal direction (the outward pointing normal direction of the field line). Use wh.GetFieldLine? to find out more about this procedure from its docstring.

2. SolveWave

This procedure will attempt to solve the wave equation along an arbitrary magnetic field trace such as that provided by GetFieldLine:

yr = wh.SolveWave(f,x,B,R=None,Va=None,halpha=None,Params=None,InPlanet=None,Method='Simple',Unscale=True)
yr,yi,phase = SolveWave(f,x,B,R=None,Va=None,halpha=None,Params=None,InPlanet=None,Method='Complex',Unscale=True)

where yr is the real part of the scaled field displacement, ξ/hα , yi is the imaginary part, and phase is a continuous measure of the waves phase along the trace. See the docstring for more information.

3. FindHarmonics

This will attempt to solve the wave equation in order to find a number of harmonics which would be allowed to exist:

freq,success,niter = wh.FindHarmonics(T,s,Params,halpha=None,Harmonics=[1,2,3],x0=None,df=1.0,Method='Complex')

where freq is an array of allowed frequencies, success is a Boolean array denoting whether each fit was successful or not and niter is an array containing the number of iterations reqquired for each fit.

4. CalcFieldLineVa

This will calculate the Alfven speed at each point along the trace:

va = CalcFieldLineVa(T,s,Params,halpha=None)

or at the midpoint between each pair of consecutive steps along the trace:

vamid = CalcFieldLineVaMid(T,s,Params,halpha=None)

5. PlotHarmonics

This will produce a plot of the allowed toroidal and poloidal harmonics on a field line given an initial position for the trace and a plasma mass density profile along the field.

PlotHarmonics(pos,Params,nh=3,df=1.0,Rp=1.0,Colours=None,Method='Complex',**kwargs)

6. FitPlasmaToHarmonic

Attempts to fit a power law or the Sandhu et al model plasma mass density profile to a given field trace.

p_eq = FitPlasmaToHarmonic(T,s,halpha,f,Params,Harm=1,df=1.0,Method='Complex')

7. FitPlasma

This tries to fit the plasma mass density profile to a set of observed frequencies (with their assumed harmonic numbers) along a field trace.

params = FitPlasma(T,s,halpha,freqs,harms,Params0,df=1.0,Method='Complex',ParamFit=None)

8. GetSandhuParams

Calculates the parameters for the Sandhu et al electron density and average ion mass models.

ne0,alpha,a,beta,mav0 = GetSandhuParams(mlt,L)

9. PlotFieldLineDensity

Plots the modelled density along a field line given a position in which to start a field trace and a set of plasma profile parameters.

PlotFieldLineDensity(pos,Params,fig=None,maps=[1,1,0,0],Overplot=False,**kwargs)

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