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A general purpose display server - takes values from mqtt and publishes the resulting image to mqtt.

Project description

This is a simple general purpose display server - it takes values from mqtt and publishes the resulting image to mqtt.

Example

Example

Based on the received values a black/white 8bit image is generated (optionaly, the background color can be set to transparent). The image can be generated from the following elements:

  • Bar - Subscribes to a topic and draws a solid bar.
  • CircularChart - A circular chart with a static time axis (e.g 00:00-23:59).
  • DigitalClock - Writes the current time.
  • ImageList - Image list preloads a set of images and displays one based on received mqtt-messages.
  • MQTTImage - Displays images that are received via mqtt messages.
  • SequentialChart - Regular chart with the latest values added at the right and the oldest values on the left.
  • StaticImage - Displays a static image.
  • StaticText - Writes the provided text.

Each element can be used multiple times.

The name Nikippe (Νiκίππη) is taken from the children of Pelops.

Pelops Overview

Pelops Overview

Nikippe is part of the collection of mqtt based microservices pelops. An overview on the microservice architecture and examples can be found at (http://gitlab.com/pelops/pelops).

For Users

Installation

Prerequisites for the core functionality are:

sudo apt install python3 python3-pip python-pil
sudo pip3 install pelops

Install via pip:

sudo pip3 install nikippe

To update to the latest version add --upgrade as suffix to the pip3 line above.

Install via gitlab (might need additional packages):

git clone git@gitlab.com:pelops/nikippe.git
cd nikippe
sudo python3 setup.py install

This will install the following shell script: * nikippe - the display server as a registered shell script.

The script cli arguments are: * ‘-c’/’–config’ - config file (mandatory) * ‘-v’ - verbose output (optional) * ‘–version’ - show the version number and exit

YAML-Config Example

A yaml file must contain two root blocks: * mqtt - mqtt-address, mqtt-port, and path to credentials file credentials-file (a file consisting of two entries: mqtt-user, mqtt-password) * display-server - topics that nikippe should publish the resulting image to and the update behavior. * renderer - configuration for the render engine and the elements that should be displayed.

Each element must have at least the following parameters: * name: humidity-chart - free choose able name - not used internally * type: chart - element type. must be [bar, circularchart, digitalclock, imagelist, mqttimage, mqtttext, sequentialchart, staticimage, statictext] * x: 30 - position in rendered image (top/left) * y: 5 - position in rendered image (top/left) * width: 256 - size of the element * height: 60 - size of the element * foreground-color: 0 - between 0 (black) and 255 (white). * background-color: 255 - between 0 (black) and 255 (white).
* active: True - if set to false, this entry will be ignored.

Optional parameters for all elements are: * ignore-update-available: False - if present and set to True, this element will not trigger an update. For example you have a clock-element that updates every minute and you want to display the latest received temperature value, you set this parameter to True for mqtttext element.

config.yaml

The config file consists of three root nodes: mqtt, display-driver, and renderer. #### mqtt

mqtt:
    mqtt-address: localhost
    mqtt-port: 1883
    credentials-file: ~/credentials.yaml
display-server
display-server:
    topics-pub-image: /test/image  # send image to the display driver
    send-on-change: True  # send new image to epaper if any element reports that it received an update
    send-interval: 60  # seconds. if 0 interval is disabled.

The first two entries are the topics the epaper device driver (see copreus) listens to. send-on-change and send-interval define the update behavior.

Renderer
renderer:
    width: 250
    height: 122
    background: ../resources/gui_background_2.13.png  # optional
    background-color: 255  # from 0 to 255.
    elements:

Common properties for all elments:

- name: [name]
  type: [element type]
  x: 0  # x position in image
  y: 10  # y position in image
  width: 242  # width of element
  height: 77  # height of element
  foreground-color: 0  # gray value - 0 is black, 255 is white
  background-color: 255  # gray value - 0 is black, 255 is white
  transparent-background: True  # boolean / optional. If True, background-color will be treated as transparent
  active: False  # if False, entry will be ignored

Bar

Example Bar

Example Bar

- name: current-humidity
  type: bar
  x: 5
  y: 5
  width: 20
  height: 60
  foreground-color: 0
  background-color: 255
  active: True
  border: True  # if true, the whole bar will be surrounded by a single line in foreground-color.
  orientation: up  # up, down, left, right
  topic-sub: /test/humidity  # input value
  min-value: 5  # displayed bar % = (max(max-value, input) - min-value) / (max-value - min-value)
  max-value: 23  #

CircularChart

Example Circular Chart

Example Circular Chart

- name: time-chart
  type: circularchart
  active: False
  topic-sub: /test/humidity
  width: 210
  height: 60
  x: 30
  y: 5
  foreground-color: 0  # from 0 to 255.
  background-color: 255  # from 0 to 255.
  border-top: False
  border-bottom: True
  border-left: True
  border-right: False
  connect-values: True  # if true - values are connected with lines, other wise they are independent dots
  pixel-per-value: 2  # a new value/dot is drawn every n-th pixel on the x-axis. must be > 0.
  draw-cursor: True  # draw a cursor at the current time slot
  time-span: Day  # Week, Day, Hour, Minute
  history-service:
      group-by: 300  # in seconds. 0==no grouping
      aggregator: avg  # aggregator for group-by. valid values: avg, min, max, median. can be omitted if group-by=0.
      use-dataservice: True  # use the dataservice archippe to fill the chart with persisted data
      dataservice-request-topic-prefix: /dataservice/request
      dataservice-response-topic-prefix: /dataservice/response

DigitalClock

Example Digital Clock

Example Digital Clock

- name: digital-clock
  type: digitalclock
  x: 0
  y: 10
  width: 242
  height: 77
  foreground-color: 0
  background-color: 255
  active: False
  font: /usr/share/fonts/truetype/dejavu/DejaVuSans.ttf
  size: 20  # font-size

ImageList

Example ImageList Clock Example ImageList Day Example ImageList Morning

- name: dynamicicons
  type: imagelist
  active: False
  x: 50
  y: 50
  width: 50
  height: 50
  foreground-color: 0  # from 0 to 255.
  background-color: 205  # from 0 to 255.
  default-image: clock
  topic-sub: /test/imagelist
  images:
    - name: clock
      image: ../resources/icon_clock.png
      offset_x: 5
      offset_y: 5
    - name: day
      image: ../resources/icon_day.png
    - name: morning
      image: ../resources/icon_morning.png
      offset_y: 5

MQTTImage

Example MQTTImage

Example MQTTImage

- name: icon
  type: mqttimage
  active: False
  x: 10
  y: 10
  width: 50
  height: 50
  foreground-color: 0  # from 0 to 255.
  background-color: 205  # from 0 to 255.
  topic-sub: /test/image
  offset_x: 5
  offset_y: 5

MQTTText

Example MQTTText

Example MQTTText

- name: humidity-value
  type: mqtttext
  x: 5
  y: 70
  width: 70
  height: 25
  foreground-color: 0
  background-color: 255
  active: True
  font: /usr/share/fonts/truetype/dejavu/DejaVuSans.ttf
  size: 20  # font-size
  string: "{0:.1f}%"  # format string
  topic-sub: /test/humidity  # input value

SequentialChart

Example Sequential Chart

Example Sequential Chart

- name: humidity-chart
  type: sequentialchart
  active: True
  topic-sub: /test/humidity
  width: 210
  height: 60
  x: 30
  y: 5
  foreground-color: 0  # from 0 to 255.
  background-color: 255  # from 0 to 255.
  border-top: False
  border-bottom: True
  border-left: True
  border-right: False
  connect-values: True  # if true - values are connected with lines, other wise they are independent dots
  pixel-per-value: 2  # a new value/dot is drawn every n-th pixel on the x-axis. must be > 0.
  range-minimum: 10  # if set, chart minimum value is set to this value. otherwise auto range  (optional)
  range-maximum: 20  # if set, chart maximum value is set to this value. otherwise auto range  (optional)
  history-service:
      group-by: 300  # in seconds. 0==no grouping
      aggregator: avg  # aggregator for group-by. valid values: avg, min, max, median. can be omitted if group-by=0.
      # use-dataservice: True  # use the dataservice archippe to fill the chart with persisted data
      # dataservice-request-topic-prefix: /dataservice/request
      # dataservice-response-topic-prefix: /dataservice/response

StaticImage

Example Static Image

Example Static Image

- name: clock
  type: staticimage
  active: False
  x: 10
  y: 10
  width: 50
  height: 50
  foreground-color: 0  # from 0 to 255.
  background-color: 205  # from 0 to 255.
  image: ../resources/icon_clock.png
  offset_x: 5
  offset_y: 5

StaticText

Example Static Text

Example Static Text

- name: design
  type: statictext
  x: 124
  y: 103
  width: 76
  height: 10
  foreground-color: 0
  background-color: 255
  active: True
  font: /usr/share/fonts/truetype/dejavu/DejaVuSans.ttf
  size: 8  # font-size
  string: "design by tgd1975"  # text to be displayed

credentials.yaml

mqtt:
    mqtt-user: user
    mqtt-password: password

run Nikippe

using screen

screen -d -m -S nikippe bash -c 'nikippe -c config_nikippe.yaml' ### using systemd - add systemd example.

For Developers

Getting Started

Nikippe consists of three elements: DisplayServer, Renderer and the render elements. The DisplayServer instantiates the render engine and sends the publishes the updated image. This is done either with a time interval and/or upon reception of new values. The Renderer is controlling the render elements and integrates them into a single image.

Render elements are either specialications of AElement, AElementMQTT or AElementHistory. If you write a new element you must also add it to the ElementFactory and write a schema extension. * AElement - Static element. to be used for elements that do not change over the time (e.g. StaticText) * AElementMQTT - Element that reacts to MQTT Messages (e.g. MQTTText) * AElementHistory - Something that needs not only the last MQTT Message but a history (e.g. SequentialChart)

Additional Dependencies

Next to the dependencies listed above, you need to install the following:

sudo apt install pandoc
sudo pip3 install pypandoc

Todos

Misc

The code is written for python3 (and tested with python 3.5 on an Raspberry Pi Zero with Raspbian Stretch).

Merge requests / bug reports are always welcome.

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