This is the PEUQSE package which stands for Chemical Kinetics Parameter Estimation and Uncertainty Quantification. See https://github.com/AdityaSavara/PEUQSE for more information.
Parameter Estimation and Uncertainty Quantification for Science and Engineering (PEUQSE)
Parameter estimation for complex physical problems often suffers from finding ‘solutions’ that are not physically realistic. The PEUQSE software (formerly named CheKiPEUQ) provides tools for finding physically realistic parameter estimates, graphs of the parameter estimate positions within parameter space, and plots of the final simulation results.
The LICENSE and MANUAL are in the PEUQSE directory and at https://github.com/AdityaSavara/PEUQSE/tree/master/PEUQSE The LICENSE is a BSD-3-Clause LICENSE.
The recommended installation is to get Anaconda, then open an anaconda prompt and type
pip install PEUQSE[COMPLETE] (includes all optional dependencies). Leave out the '[COMPLETE]' if you want the minimal version.
The software can also be downloaded and used directly, or used by "python setup.py install" (the setup.py way will do basically the same thing as pip and will install the package appropriately to allow the module to be accessed by python regardless of directory, but this will not install the optional dependencies). For those who are not familiar with python, longer instructions are provided in the How to Get Started section below.
A Quick Introduction
Why should you use PEUQSE to get parameters from observed data? Because a few lines of code will give you realistic parameter estimates, possibly their uncertainties, and also some graphs.
If you don't see images in this quick introduction, then read online at: https://github.com/AdityaSavara/PEUQSE
Consider a situation where we have three observed experimental data points with uncertainties:
Their values, including uncertainties, are:
160500 +/- 200000
810500 +/- 300000
1440500 +/- 200000
Consider it given that this situation is known to be described the following equation:
y=(x-a)^2 + b
Assume we know that the physically realistic values of "a" and "b" are:
a is expected to be 200 +/- 100 (this is the 1 sigma confidence interval)
b is expected to be 500 +/- 200 (this is the 1 sigma confidence interval)
If one tries to do a regular sum of squares fitting (conventional parameter estimation, CPE), we will not get realistic values for "a" and "b" We get a = 255, b = 139153 . The value for "a" is fine, but the value for "b" is not realistic.
However, if we do a Bayesian Parameter Estimation (BPE) -- what PEUQSE is designed for -- then we get the following answers: a = 166 +/- 57, b= 509 +/- 198 . Where these errors are the 1 sigma credible intervals. Notice that now both of the parameters have physically realistic values. We even have error bars that took into account the uncertainty! Additionally, the covariance matrix for the parameter estimates -- which includes the correlated uncertainties of estimated parameters -- is automatically exported to the directory (and is also accessible from python shells/scripts).
How good is the match in this example?
The fitting (CPE) gives the red line below. This plot automatically generated by PEUQSE:
The Bayesian Parameter Estimation gives the black line below (and the red, not explained here). This plot automatically generated by PEUQSE:
We see that for this example, the CPE result from fitting and the BPE results do not look very different from each other. Both parameter estimation methods manage to stay in the error bars, yet the BPE result has a far more physically realistic pair of parameters! This is the main purpose using PEUQSE in order to do BPE: it will tend to give more realistic parameter estimates, and can even give a type of uncertainty (called credible intervals) on the final estimates. More info can be found in the first PEUQSE paper: https://doi.org/10.1002/cctc.202000953
Here is the short and simple code that was required after making the model equation:
import PEUQSE as PEUQSE import PEUQSE.UserInput as UserInput UserInput.model['InputParameterPriorValues'] = [200, 500] #prior expected values for a and b UserInput.model['InputParametersPriorValuesUncertainties'] = [100, 200] #these are 1 sigma uncertainties (1 standard deviation). The uncertainties are not correlated in this example, but a covariance matrix can be used instead. UserInput.model['simulateByInputParametersOnlyFunction'] = simulation_model_00.simulation_function_wrapper #This just points to the User created model equation. PE_object = PEUQSE.parameter_estimation(UserInput) #This creates a PEUQSE object of the parameter_estimation class from the UserInput. PE_object.doMetropolisHastings() #This does the actual parameter_estimation by sampling. PE_object.createAllPlots() #This creates all of the plots below!
PEUQSE has four types of posterior distribution sampling options as of Oct 2020. Two Markov Chain Monte Carlo sampling options: EnsembleSliceSampling and MetropolisHastings; and two even distribution (unbiased and unguided) sampling options: multistart grid sampling and multistart uniform distribution sampling. These are compared a little bit in Example00 in the examples. The latter two sampling types are rarely included in other packages but can be very important for scientific applications and for rough response surfaces. It is often important to know whether the solution found is a unique solution, and the unbiased and unguided sampling can be used for verification of the uniqueness of a solution.
There is a logfile generated called mcmc_log_file.txt or permutations_log_file.txt (along with other files in the directory). You will also get the following plots, some of which can be further customized, such as removing the bars from the contour plots. These plots automatically generated by PEUQSE:
We can see that in this example the position and uncertainty in "a" narrowed more than that of "b".
How To Get Started
First get anaconda (https://www.anaconda.com/products/individual). Then open an anaconda terminal (type "Anaconda Prompt" after installing anaconda). Inside the anaconda terminal, type
pip install PEUQSE[COMPLETE]
Then download the zipfile which has the Examples directory: https://github.com/AdityaSavara/PEUQSE/archive/master.zip
Open the examples directory, open the file ExamplesAndTutorialAndGettingStarted.rtf (any program like Word can open this)
Start running the examples' run files (it is recommended to run them in the program called spyder, if you are not an advanced user. You can open it by typing "spyder" in the anaconda terminal).
To download new updates of PEUQSE, type 'pip install PEUQSE[COMPLETE] --upgrade'
More info about the File Structure
The file structure is such that the file
./PEUQSE/__init__.py is where the modules functions are loaded from. The main functionalities are inside
InverseProblem.py , and various dependencies can be traced from those two files.
At present, the Examples directory contains various examples and a file named ExamplesAndTutorialAndGettingStarted which provides some explanation.
In the relatively near future, the Examples may be separated into a complementary repository, and/or may be tucked away into the installation directory.
Authors and Contributors
Authors: Aditya "Ashi" Savara and Eric A. Walker
Contributors: Troy Gustke
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