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Pure Python HDFS client

Project Description

Because the world needs yet another way to talk to HDFS from Python.

Usage

This library provides a Python client for WebHDFS. NameNode HA is supported by passing in both NameNodes. Responses are returned as nice Python classes, and any failed operation will raise some subclass of HdfsException matching the Java exception.

Example usage:

>>> fs = pyhdfs.HdfsClient(hosts='nn1.example.com:50070,nn2.example.com:50070', user_name='someone')
>>> fs.list_status('/')
[FileStatus(pathSuffix='benchmarks', permission='777', type='DIRECTORY', ...), FileStatus(...), ...]
>>> fs.listdir('/')
['benchmarks', 'hbase', 'solr', 'tmp', 'user', 'var']
>>> fs.mkdirs('/fruit/x/y')
True
>>> fs.create('/fruit/apple', 'delicious')
>>> fs.append('/fruit/apple', ' food')
>>> with contextlib.closing(fs.open('/fruit/apple')) as f:
...     f.read()
...
b'delicious food'
>>> fs.get_file_status('/fruit/apple')
FileStatus(length=14, owner='someone', type='FILE', ...)
>>> fs.get_file_status('/fruit/apple').owner
'someone'
>>> fs.get_content_summary('/fruit')
ContentSummary(directoryCount=3, fileCount=1, length=14, quota=-1, spaceConsumed=14, spaceQuota=-1)
>>> list(fs.walk('/fruit'))
[('/fruit', ['x'], ['apple']), ('/fruit/x', ['y'], []), ('/fruit/x/y', [], [])]
>>> fs.exists('/fruit/apple')
True
>>> fs.delete('/fruit')
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "<stdin>", line 1, in <module>
  File ".../pyhdfs.py", line 525, in delete
  ...
pyhdfs.HdfsPathIsNotEmptyDirectoryException: `/fruit is non empty': Directory is not empty
>>> fs.delete('/fruit', recursive=True)
True
>>> fs.exists('/fruit/apple')
False
>>> issubclass(pyhdfs.HdfsFileNotFoundException, pyhdfs.HdfsIOException)
True

You can also pass the hostname as part of the URI:

fs.list_status('//nn1.example.com:50070;nn2.example.com:50070/')

The methods and return values generally map directly to WebHDFS endpoints. The client also provides convenience methods that mimic Python os methods and HDFS CLI commands (e.g. walk and copy_to_local).

pyhdfs logs all HDFS actions at the INFO level, so turning on INFO level logging will give you a debug record for your application.

For more information, see the full API docs.

Installing

pip install pyhdfs

You’ll need Python 2.7 or Python 3.

Development testing

First get an environment with HDFS. The Cloudera QuickStart VM works fine for this. (Note that the VM only comes with Python 2.6, so you might want to use your host and forward port 50070.)

WARNING: The tests create and delete hdfs://localhost/tmp/pyhdfs_test.

Python 3:

virtualenv3 --no-site-packages env3
source env3/bin/activate
pip3 install -e .
pip3 install -r dev_requirements.txt
py.test

And again for Python 2 (after deactivate):

virtualenv2 --no-site-packages env2
source env2/bin/activate
pip2 install -e .
pip2 install -r dev_requirements.txt
py.test
Release History

Release History

This version
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0.2.1

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0.1.2

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0.1.1

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0.1.0

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File Name & Checksum SHA256 Checksum Help Version File Type Upload Date
PyHDFS-0.2.1.tar.gz (13.6 kB) Copy SHA256 Checksum SHA256 Source Sep 23, 2017

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