Skip to main content

Large Margin Nearest Neighbor implementation in python

Project description

PyLMNN is an implementation of the Large Margin Nearest Neighbor algorithm for metric learning in pure python.

This implementation follows closely the original MATLAB code by Kilian Weinberger found at https://bitbucket.org/mlcircus/lmnn. This version solves the unconstrained optimisation problem and finds a linear transformation using L-BFGS as the backend optimizer.

This package can also find optimal hyper-parameters for LMNN via Bayesian Optimization using the excellent GPyOpt package.

Installation

The code was developed in python 3.5 under Ubuntu 16.04 and was also tested under Ubuntu 18.04 and python 3.6. You can clone the repo with:

git clone https://github.com/johny-c/pylmnn.git

or install it via pip:

pip3 install pylmnn

Dependencies

  • numpy>=1.11.2
  • scipy>=0.18.1
  • scikit_learn>=0.18.1

Optional dependencies

In case you want to use the hyperparameter optimization module, you should also install:

  • GPy>=1.5.6
  • GPyOpt>=1.0.3

Usage

Here is a minimal use case:

from sklearn.neighbors import KNeighborsClassifier
from sklearn.model_selection import train_test_split
from sklearn.datasets import load_iris

from pylmnn import LargeMarginNearestNeighbor as LMNN


# Load a data set
X, y = load_iris(return_X_y=True)

# Split in training and testing set
X_train, X_test, y_train, y_test = train_test_split(X, y, test_size=0.7, stratify=y, random_state=42)

# Set up the hyperparameters
k_train, k_test, n_components, max_iter = 3, 3, X.shape[1], 180

# Instantiate the metric learner
lmnn = LMNN(n_neighbors=k_train, max_iter=max_iter, n_components=n_components)

# Train the metric learner
lmnn.fit(X_train, y_train)

# Fit the nearest neighbors classifier
knn = KNeighborsClassifier(n_neighbors=k_test)
knn.fit(lmnn.transform(X_train), y_train)

# Compute the k-nearest neighbor test accuracy after applying the learned transformation
lmnn_acc = knn.score(lmnn.transform(X_test), y_test)
print('LMNN accuracy on test set of {} points: {:.4f}'.format(X_test.shape[0], lmnn_acc))

You can check the examples directory for a demonstration of how to use the code with different datasets and how to estimate good hyperparameters with Bayesian Optimisation.

Documentation can also be found at http://pylmnn.readthedocs.io/en/latest/ .

References

If you use this code in your work, please cite the following publication.

@ARTICLE{weinberger09distance,
    title={Distance metric learning for large margin nearest neighbor classification},
    author={Weinberger, K.Q. and Saul, L.K.},
    journal={The Journal of Machine Learning Research},
    volume={10},
    pages={207--244},
    year={2009},
    publisher={MIT Press}
}

License and Contact

This work is released under the 3-Clause BSD License.

Contact John Chiotellis :envelope: for questions, comments and reporting bugs.

Project details


Download files

Download the file for your platform. If you're not sure which to choose, learn more about installing packages.

Files for PyLMNN, version 1.6.3
Filename, size File type Python version Upload date Hashes
Filename, size PyLMNN-1.6.3.tar.gz (18.1 kB) File type Source Python version None Upload date Hashes View hashes

Supported by

Elastic Elastic Search Pingdom Pingdom Monitoring Google Google BigQuery Sentry Sentry Error logging AWS AWS Cloud computing DataDog DataDog Monitoring Fastly Fastly CDN DigiCert DigiCert EV certificate StatusPage StatusPage Status page