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Drop-in replacements for Random, providing remote random-number sources.

Project description

RandomSources is a Python module, providing multiple implementations of Python’s random-number generator interface backed by remote random-number sources. It provides simple, drop-in style replacements for Random with data provided by the ANU Quantum Random Numbers server (generated by measuring quantum fluctuations of the vacuum) and by (generated by measuring atmospheric noise). Typical usage looks like this:

>>> import randomSources

>>> qRandom = randomSources.QuantumRandom()
>>> print qRandom.random()
>>> print qRandom.randint(1, 20)

>>> randomDotOrg = randomSources.RandomDotOrg()
>>> randomDotOrg.checkBitQuota()
>>> print randomDotOrg.random()
>>> print randomDotOrg.random(4)
[0.5996488097316547, 0.40146785806967766, 0.9956706001515375, 0.345638811037305]
>>> randomDotOrg.checkBitQuota()
>>> print randomDotOrg.randint(1, 20)
>>> print randomDotOrg.randint(1, 20, 12)
[6, 10, 13, 20, 3, 14, 5, 3, 10, 18, 20, 14]
>>> randomDotOrg.checkBitQuota()

Note that provides a bit quota limited per IP per 24 hours; many functions therefore provide an optional final parameter ‘n’ to simulate multiple calls, allowing the system to merge some smaller requests in order to minimize bit waste. Towards the same goal, the RandomDotOrg class prefers to subdivide fetches, sending multiple smaller requests when it can prevent waste.

On the other hand, the ANU Quantum Random Numbers server has no bit limit; therefore, the QuantumRandom class fetches 16 KB at a time to serve small requests, minimizing requests to the server. Larger requests are fetched dynamically.

As of version 0.1, these objects are not thread-safe.


Much of the code of this module is derived directly from the Python 2.7 source for the Random class and its subclasses, rendering this a derivative work. Thanks to the Python Software Foundation and its BDFL, Guido van Rossum.

In addition, significant inspiration (and some direct code) was taken from the quantumrandom ( and randomdotorg ( modules, especially as basic reference for the APIs of their respective random-number sources. Thanks and attribution are therefore due to Luke Macken (author of quantumrandom) and Clovis Fabricio (author of randomdotorg).


This module is licensed under the GNU GPL version 3, as a derivative work of the randomdotorg module. This is confirmed compatible with both the Python Software Foundation License, covering Python 2.7, and the MIT License, covering the quantumrandom module.

If permission is granted by Clovis Fabricio, this module will be relicensed under the Python Software Foundation License, or, if that is not acceptable, under the GNU LGPL version 3.

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