The ZODB package provides a set of tools for using the Zope Object Database (ZODB). The components you get with the ZODB release are as follows:
- Core ZODB, including the persistence machinery
- Standard storages such as FileStorage
- The persistent BTrees modules
- ZEO, for scalability needs
- documentation (needs a lot more work)
Our primary development platforms are Linux, Mac OS X, and Windows XP. The test suite should pass without error on all of these platforms, although it can take a long time on Windows – longer if you use ZoneAlarm. Many particularly slow tests are skipped unless you pass –all as an argument to test.py.
ZODB3 3.11 requires Python 2.6 or later.
- Note –
- When using ZEO and upgrading from Python 2.4, you need to upgrade clients and servers at the same time, or upgrade clients first and then servers. Clients running Python 2.5 or 2.6 will work with servers running Python 2.4. Clients running Python 2.4 won’t work properly with servers running Python 2.5 or later due to changes in the way Python implements exceptions.
ZODB ZEO clients from ZODB 3.2 on can talk to ZODB 3.10 servers. ZODB ZEO 3.10 Clients can talk to ZODB 3.8, 3.9, and 3.10 ZEO servers.
- Note –
- ZEO 3.10 servers don’t support undo for older clients.
You must have Python installed. If you’re using a system Python install, make sure development support is installed too.
You also need the transaction, zc.lockfile, ZConfig, zdaemon, zope.event, zope.interface, zope.proxy and zope.testing packages. If you don’t have them and you can connect to the Python Package Index, then these will be installed for you if you don’t have them.
To install by hand, first install the dependencies, ZConfig, zdaemon, zope.interface, zope.proxy and zope.testing. These can be found in the Python Package Index.
To run the tests, use the test setup command:
python setup.py test
It will download dependencies if needed. If this happens, ou may get an import error when the test command gets to looking for tests. Try running the test command a second time and you should see the tests run.
python setup.py test
To install, use the install command:
python setup.py install
Testing for Developers
The ZODB checkouts are buildouts. When working from a ZODB checkout, first run the bootstrap.py script to initialize the buildout:
% python bootstrap.py
and then use the buildout script to build ZODB and gather the dependencies:
This creates a test script:
% bin/test -v
This command will run all the tests, printing a single dot for each test. When it finishes, it will print a test summary. The exact number of tests can vary depending on platform and available third-party libraries.:
Ran 1182 tests in 241.269s OK
The test script has many more options. Use the -h or --help options to see a file list of options. The default test suite omits several tests that depend on third-party software or that take a long time to run. To run all the available tests use the --all option. Running all the tests takes much longer.:
Ran 1561 tests in 1461.557s OK
Several scripts are provided with the ZODB and can help for analyzing, debugging, checking for consistency, summarizing content, reporting space used by objects, doing backups, artificial load testing, etc. Look at the ZODB/script directory for more informations.
The historical version numbering schemes for ZODB and ZEO are complicated. Starting with ZODB 3.4, the ZODB and ZEO version numbers are the same.
In the ZODB 3.1 through 3.3 lines, the ZEO version number was “one smaller” than the ZODB version number; e.g., ZODB 3.2.7 included ZEO 2.2.7. ZODB and ZEO were distinct releases prior to ZODB 3.1, and had independent version numbers.
Historically, ZODB was distributed as a part of the Zope application server. Jim Fulton’s paper at the Python conference in 2000 described a version of ZODB he called ZODB 3, based on an earlier persistent object system called BoboPOS. The earliest versions of ZODB 3 were released with Zope 2.0.
Andrew Kuchling extracted ZODB from Zope 2.4.1 and packaged it for use by standalone Python programs. He called this version “StandaloneZODB”. Andrew’s guide to using ZODB is included in the Doc directory. This version of ZODB was hosted at http://sf.net/projects/zodb. It supported Python 1.5.2, and might still be of interest to users of this very old Python version.
Zope Corporation released a version of ZODB called “StandaloneZODB 1.0” in Feb. 2002. This release was based on Andrew’s packaging, but built from the same CVS repository as Zope. It is roughly equivalent to the ZODB in Zope 2.5.
Why not call the current release StandaloneZODB? The name StandaloneZODB is a bit of a mouthful. The standalone part of the name suggests that the Zope version is the real version and that this is an afterthought, which isn’t the case. So we’re calling this release “ZODB”. We also worked on a ZODB4 package for a while and made a couple of alpha releases. We’ve now abandoned that effort, because we didn’t have the resources to pursue ot while also maintaining ZODB(3).
ZODB is distributed under the Zope Public License, an OSI-approved open source license. Please see the LICENSE.txt file for terms and conditions.
The ZODB/ZEO Programming Guide included in the documentation is a modified version of Andrew Kuchling’s original guide, provided under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License.
We maintain a Wiki page about all things ZODB, including status on future directions for ZODB. Please see
and feel free to contribute your comments. There is a Mailman mailing list in place to discuss all issues related to ZODB. You can send questions to
or subscribe at
and view its archives at
Note that Zope Corp mailing lists have a subscriber-only posting policy.
Andrew’s ZODB Programmers Guide is made available in several forms, including DVI and HTML. To view it online, point your browser at the file Doc/guide/zodb/index.html
Bugs and Patches
Bug reports and patches should be added to the Launchpad:
Fixed: The ZODB3 “test” extra was inadvertently removed.
Note that the text extra exists soley to allow other packages to use ZODB [test] in their test dependencies.
ZODB3 depends on:
- persistent 4.0
- BTrees 4.0
- ZODB 4.0
- ZEO 4.0