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Module python 3 de gestion d'horodatages. Chaque horodatage embarque son époque de référence et son fuseau horaire. L'époque de référence est configurable et peut être différente de l'époque Unix (1970-01-01T00:00:00) .

Project description


This program is under GNU General Public License, version 3, see LICENCE text file.

This program needs python 3 and modules aaaa.ahordat, aaaa.ahordattools.

AaaaHorodatage format

[0-9]+AAAAZ+/-HH:MM where [0-9]+ = the number of seconds from the epoch until the date entered, AAAA = the epoch of the timestamp, and Z+/-HH:MM the UTC offset (e.g for CEST summertime: Z+02:00). The timezone and epoch are embedded.

Below, in the same directory as this file


In a

from aaaa.ahordat import AaaaHorodatageTools
<your code>


in python shel, eg:

from aaaa.demo import demo


from aaaa.ahordattools import AaaaHorodatageTools

new_ts_object = AaaaHorodatageTools()
new_ts_object = AaaaHorodatageTools(AaaaTimestamp)
new_ts_object = AaaaHorodatageTools("server")

... your code ...


  • new_ts_object = AaaaHorodatageTools() will create 2000Z+02:00 = 2000-01-01T00:00:00+02:00, embedded epoch = 2000, (Default).
  • new_ts_object = AaaaHorodatageTools("server") will create ts_object with time server UTC.


An AaaaHordatage instance has one public instance attibutes: self.ts (its timestamp).

Some methods, i call modifiers, can change this attribute; they will be documented with update self.ts.

Generate timestamps

encode(d="", utc=False) # possible inputs:
    update and return self.ts
    d="": keyboard input
    d= list, tuple or dictionary.
    utc=False: Local UTC offset encoding (see "Setting your timezone")
    utc=True: UTC encoding

decode("typ", ts="") 
    return typ = "string", "list", "dict" ou "dictionary"
    ts = timestamp (e.g.: ts_object.get_ts()): use ts.
    ts = none or "": use self.ts.

NB: encode year > 9999 with an epoch = 1000 can causes long calculations.

timestamps copy

Shallow copy, but it's enough, here.

new_ts_object = ts_object.copy()

Harmonize epoch and UTC offset

Convert ts_object_to_harmonize to same epoch and UTC offset than ts_object

    ts_object_to_harmonize.ts is updated


Setting your timezone

Your local timezone is stored in utc_local_offset class attribute Default is +7200 seconds, that is to say +02:00; Europe/Brussels summertime utc_local_offset range: -43200 >= utc_seconds <= +50400
Timestamps embbed their own UTC offset, then this attribute is just for encoding timestamp.

You can use public methods to get or set it.

get_utc_local_offset(typ="") # instance method
    typ="": default, seconds (integer); typ="string": "+/-HH:MM"
    Return _utc_local_offset

set_utc_local_offset(*offset) # class method
    work with encode(). Default +02:00
    -43200 >= *offset <= +50400 or '-12:00' >= *offset <= '+14:00'

Get the embedded UTC offset (the UTC offset embedded in self.ts)

    typ="": default, seconds (integer); typ="string": "+/-HH:MM" 
    return the embedded UTC offset

Converting timezone

You can use methods to convert timestamp from utc to a specific timezone and from a specific timezone to utc.

    update and return self.ts

    update and return self.ts

    -43200 >= *new_offset <= +50400 or 
    '-12:00' >= *new_offset <= '+14:00'. 

Converting offset

You can use this utility methods to convert offset from seconds to string and from string to seconds.

offset_seconds2string(offset_seconds)  # -43200 >= *new_offset <= +50400
offset_string2seconds(offset_string)  # no control

Timezones sites

Some timezones sites can help you to determine tour timezone.


the reference epoch of the AaaaHorodatage class stored in epoch class attribute
Default is 2000. Range: 1000 <= epoch <= 9999.
The epoch attribute is used for encoding timestamps only. For decoding, the script uses the embedded epoch. Timestamp epoch lesser than epoch class attribute are accepted on decoding.

Setting epoch

You can use this class methods to get or set it.

set_epoch(num)  #  1000 <= epoch <= 9999, return epoch

Converting epoch

You can change and adapt the embedded epoch of a timestamp.

    update and return self.ts
    Convert an embedded epoch to an other. 
    1000 <= epoch <= 9999.


Operations relate to timestamps of the same UTC offset and at the same epoch only.


See « - operator » too

ts1_object.diffDays(typ="string", ts2=0) 
    return ts2 - self.ts1 in days, hours, minutes, seconds.
    Offset UTC timestamp 1 must match offset UTC timestamp 2 and epoch timestamp 1 must match epoch timestamp 2.
    Return typ =
        - "seconds": return the number of seconds.
        - "string": return a string (+/-DDTHH:MM:SS). Default.
        - "list": return a list (fixed order).
        fixed order: sens_difference, day, hour, minutes, seconds.
        - "dict" or "dictionary": return a dict (any order).
    ts2 = 0 or none: keyboard input.
    ts2 eg: ts2_object.get_ts()

Tips with ts1_object.diffDays(typ="string", ts2=0)
I want diffDays between ts1_object, epoch 2000 and offset +02:00, and ts2_object, epoch 1900 and offset +08:00, but not update ts2_object.
Consider this tips:

ts3_object = ts2_object.copy()
diff_ts2_ts1 = ts1_object.diffDays("string", ts3_object.get_ts())
del ts3_object

+ operator

+ operator: ts_object = ts_object + nb_seconds
    update self.ts and return ts_object + nb_seconds
    Add nb_seconds at timestamp
    - use dhms2second(d=0, h=0, m=0, s=0) utility method 
    to convert days + hours + minutes + seconds in seconds
    - To add seconds to a new timestamp instance:
    new_ts_object = ts_object.copy()
    new_ts_object - nb_seconds

- operator

- operator: new_ts = ts_object - *nb_seconds_or_ts_object
    if *nb_seconds_or_ts_object is a nb_seconds integer
    update self.ts and return ts_object - *nb_seconds
    self.ts seconds - seconds must be >= 0 (epoch-01-01)

    if *nb_seconds_or_ts_object is ts_object, call
    self.ts.diffDays("string", *nb_seconds_or_ts_object.get_ts())
    self.ts is NOT updated. See diffDays() method above.

    - use dhms2second(d=0, h=0, m=0, s=0) utility method 
    to convert days + hours + minutes + seconds in seconds
    - To add seconds to a new timestamp instance:
    new_ts_object = ts_object.copy()
    new_ts_object - seconds

Comparison operators

ts_object1 == ts_object2
ts_object1 != ts_object2
ts_object1 < ts_object2
ts_object1 <= ts_object2
ts_object1 > ts_object2
ts_object1 >= ts_object2

Conversion to and from Posix

    Return a Posix timestamp (UTC) from an Aaaa timestamp

    Return an Aaaa timestamp from a Posix timestamp
    update self.ts
    posix_ts will be considered at UTC time.


import aaaa.ahordattools

Short demo


You can find some thoughts about algorithms in this pdf document.

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