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Python package to annotate and visualize gene fusions.

Project description

# Annotate Gene Fusion (AGFusion)
AGFusion is a python package for annotating gene fusions from the human or mouse genomes. AGFusion simply needs the reference genome, the two gene partners, and the fusion junction coordinates as input, and outputs the following:

* FASTA files of cDNA, CDS, and protein sequences.
* Visualizes the protein domain and exon architectures of the fusion transcripts.
* Saves tables listing the coordinates of protein features and exons included in the fusion.
* Optional exon structure and protein domain visualization of the wild-type version of the fusion gene partners.

AGFusion automatically predicts the functional effect of the gene fusion (e.g. in-frame, out-of-frame, etc.). Annotation is by default done only for canonical gene isoforms, but there is the option to annotate all gene non-canonical isoform combinations.


## Table of Contents

- [Examples](#examples)
* [Basic Usage](#basic-usage)
* [Plotting wild-type protein and exon structure](#plotting-wild-type-protein-and-exon-structure)
* [Canonical gene isoforms](#canonical-gene-isoforms)
* [Input from fusion-finding algorithms](#input-from-fusion-finding-algorithms)
* [Domain names and colors](#domain-names-and-colors)
* [Re-scaling protein length](#re-scaling-protein-length)
- [Installation](#installation)
- [Dependencies](#dependencies)
- [License](#license)
- [Citing AGFusion](#citing-agfusion)


## Examples

### Basic Usage

You just need to provide the two fusion gene partners (gene symbol, Ensembl ID, or Entrez gene ID), their predicted fusion junctions in genomic coordinates, and the genome build. You can also specify certain transcripts with Ensembl transcript ID or RefSeq ID

Example usage from the command line:

```
agfusion annotate \
--gene5prime DLG1 \
--gene3prime BRAF \
--junction5prime 31684294 \
--junction3prime 39648486 \
-db agfusion.mus_musculus.87.db \
-o DLG1-BRAF
```

The protein domain structure of the DLG1-BRAF fusion:

![alt tag](https://github.com/murphycj/AGFusion/blob/master/doc/ENSMUST00000064477-ENSMUST00000002487.png)

The exon structure of the DLG1-BRAF fusion:

![alt tag](https://github.com/murphycj/AGFusion/blob/master/doc/ENSMUST00000064477-ENSMUST00000002487.exon.png)

### Plotting wild-type protein and exon structure

You can additionally plot the wild-type proteins and exon structures for each gene with --WT flag.

```
agfusion annotate \
--gene5prime ENSMUSG00000022770 \
--gene3prime ENSMUSG00000002413 \
--junction5prime 31684294 \
--junction3prime 39648486 \
-db agfusion.mus_musculus.87.db \
-o DLG1-BRAF \
--WT
```

### Canonical gene isoforms

By default AGFusion only plots the [canonical](http://useast.ensembl.org/Help/Glossary?id=346) gene isoforms, but you can tell AGFusion to include non-canonical isoform with the --noncanonical flag.

```
agfusion annotate \
--gene5prime ENSMUSG00000022770 \
--gene3prime ENSMUSG00000002413 \
--junction5prime 31684294 \
--junction3prime 39648486 \
-db agfusion.mus_musculus.87.db \
-o DLG1-BRAF \
--noncanonical
```

### Input from fusion-finding algorithms

You can provide as input output files from fusion-finding algorithms. Currently available algorithms are: FusionCatcher, TopHat-Fusion, and STAR-Fusion (support for more algorithms is under development).
Below is an example for FusionCatcher.

```
agfusion batch \
--file final-list_candidate-fusion-genes.txt \
-a fusioncatcher \
-o test \
-db agfusion.mus_musculus.87.db
```

### Domain names and colors

You can change domain names and colors:

```
agfusion annotate \
--gene5prime ENSMUSG00000022770 \
--gene3prime ENSMUSG00000002413 \
--junction5prime 31684294 \
--junction3prime 39648486 \
-db agfusion.mus_musculus.87.db \
-o DLG1-BRAF \
--recolor "Pkinase_Tyr;red" --recolor "L27_1;blue" \
--rename "Pkinase_Tyr;Kinase" --rename "L27_1;L27"
```

![alt tag](https://github.com/murphycj/AGFusion/blob/master/doc/ENSMUST00000064477-ENSMUST00000002487-recolorRename.png)

### Re-scaling protein length

You can rescale the protein length so that images of two different fusions have appropriate relative lengths when plotted side by side:

```
agfusion annotate \
--gene5prime ENSMUSG00000022770 \
--gene3prime ENSMUSG00000002413 \
--junction5prime 31684294 \
--junction3prime 39648486 \
-db agfusion.mus_musculus.87.db \
-o DLG1-BRAF \
--recolor "Pkinase_Tyr;red" --recolor "L27_1;blue" \
--rename "Pkinase_Tyr;Kinase" --rename "L27_1;L27" \
--scale 2000
agfusion annotate \
--gene5prime FGFR2 \
--gene3prime DNM3 \
--junction5prime 130167703 \
--junction3prime 162019992 \
-db agfusion.mus_musculus.87.db \
-o FGFR2-DNM3 \
--recolor "Pkinase_Tyr;red" \
--rename "Pkinase_Tyr;Kinase" \
--scale 2000
```

![alt tag](https://github.com/murphycj/AGFusion/blob/master/doc/ENSMUST00000064477-ENSMUST00000002487-rescale.png)
![alt tag](https://github.com/murphycj/AGFusion/blob/master/doc/ENSMUST00000122054-ENSMUST00000070330-rescale.png)

# Installation

First you need to install pyensembl (and the other dependencies listed at the bottom) and download the reference genome you will use by running one of the following.

```
For GRCh38/hg38:
pyensembl install --species homo_sapiens --release 87

For GRCh37/hg19:
pyensembl install --species homo_sapiens --release 75

For GRCm38/mm10:
pyensembl install --species mus_musculus --release 87
```

Then you can install AGFusion:

```
pip install agfusion
```

Finally, download the AGFusion database for your reference genome (downloaded from [here](https://github.com/murphycj/AGFusionDB)).

```
For GRCh38/hg38:
agfusion download -g hg38

For GRCh37/hg19:
agfusion download -g hg19

For GRCm38/mm10:
agfusion download -g mm10
```

You can view all supported species and ensembl releases with ```agfusion download -a```. Due to limitations in pyensembl, the maximum supported Ensembl release is 87.

# Dependencies

- python 2.7, 3.5
- matplotlib>=1.5.0
- pandas>=0.18.1
- biopython>=1.67
- future>=0.16.0
- pyensembl>=1.1.0

# License

MIT license

# Citing AGFusion

Manuscript under review. You can cite bioRxiv for now: http://dx.doi.org/10.1101/080903

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