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A Python wrapper for AHK

Project description


A Python wrapper around AHK.

Build version pyversion Coverage


pip install ahk


from ahk import AHK
ahk = AHK()
ahk.mouse_move(x=100, y=100, speed=10)  # blocks until mouse finishes moving
print(ahk.mouse_position)  #  (100, 100)


non-blocking modes

You can also opt for a non-blocking interface, so you can do other stuff while AHK scripts run.

import time
from ahk import AHK
ahk = AHK()
ahk.mouse_position = (200, 200)  # moves the mouse instantly to the position
start = time.time()
ahk.mouse_move(x=100, y=100, speed=30, blocking=False)
while True:  #  report mouse position while it moves
    t = round(time.time() - start, 4)
    position = ahk.mouse_position
    print(t, position)
    if position == (100, 100):

You should see an output something like

0.032 (187, 187)
0.094 (173, 173)
0.137 (164, 164)
0.788 (100, 103)
0.831 (100, 101)
0.873 (100, 100)


You can do stuff with windows, too.

Getting windows

from ahk import AHK
from ahk.window import Window
ahk = AHK()
win = ahk.active_window  # get the active window
win = ahk.win_get(title='Untitled - Notepad')  # by title
win = list(  # list of all windows
win = Window(ahk, ahk_id='0xabc123')  # by ahk_id
win = Window.from_mouse_position(ahk)  # a window under the mouse cursor
win = Window.from_pid('20366')  # by process ID

Working with windows

win.move(x=200, y=300, width=500, height=800)
win.activate()  # give the window focus
win.disable()  # make the window non-interactable
win.enable()  # enable it again
win.to_top()  # moves window on top of other windows
win.always_on_top = True  # make the windows always on top

for window in

#  some more attributes
print(window.rect)  # (x, y, width, height)
print(  # ahk_id

Run arbitrary AutoHotkey scripts

ahk_script = 'Run Notepad'
ahk.run_script(ahk_script, blocking=False)

Communicating data from ahk to Python

If you're writing your own ahk scripts to use with this library, you can use FileAppend with the * parameter to get data from your ahk script into Python.

Suppose you have a script like so

data := "Hello Data!"
FileAppend, %data%, * ; send data var to stdout
result = ahk.run_script(my_script)
print(result)  # Hello Data!

If your autohotkey returns something that can't be decoded, add the keyword argument decode=False in which case you'll get back a CompletedProcess object where stdout (and stderr) will be bytes and you can handle it however you choose.

result = ahk.run_script(my_script, decode=False)
print(result.stdout)  # b'Hello Data!'

Experimental features

Experimental features are things that are minimally functional, (even more) likely to have breaking changes, even for minor releases.

Github issues are provided for convenience to collect feedback on these features.



Hotkeys now have a primitive implementation. You give it a hotkey (a string the same as in an ahk script, without the ::) and the body of an AHK script to execute as a response to the hotkey.

from ahk import AHK, Hotkey
ahk = AHK()
key_combo = '#n'
script = 'Run Notepad'
hotkey = Hotkey(ahk, key_combo, script)
hotkey.start()  #  listener process activated

At this point, the hotkey is active. If you press Windows Key + n, the script Run Notepad will execute.

There is no need to add return to the provided script, as it is provided by the template.

To stop the hotkey call the stop() method.




ActionChains let you define a set of actions to be performed in order at a later time.

They work just like the AHK class, except the actions are deferred until the perform method is called.

An additional method sleep is provided to allow for waiting between actions.

from ahk import ActionChain
ac = ActionChain()
ac.mouse_move(100, 100, speed=10)  # nothing yet
ac.sleep(1)  # still nothing happening
ac.mouse_move(500, 500, speed=10)  # not yet
ac.perform()  # *now* each of the actions run in order

Just like anywhere else, scripts running simultaneously may conflict with one another, so using blocking interfaces is generally recommended. Currently, there is limited support for interacting with windows in actionchains, you may want to use win_set)

find_window/find_windows methods


Right now, these are implemented by iterating over all window handles and filtering with Python.

AHK.find_windows returns a generator filtering results based on attributes provided as keyword arguments.
AHK.find_window is similar, but returns the first matching window instead of all matching windows.

There are couple convenience functions, but not sure if these will stay around or maybe we'll add more, depending on feedback.

  • find_windows_by_title
  • find_window_by_title
  • find_windows_by_text
  • find_window_by_text


You can enable debug logging, which will output script text before execution, and some other potentially useful debugging information.

import logging

Non-Python dependencies

To use this package, you need the AutoHotkey executable.

It's expected to be on PATH by default. You can also use the AHK_PATH environment variable to specify the executable location.

Alternatively, you may provide the path in code

from ahk import AHK
ahk = AHK(executable_path='C:\\path\\to\\AutoHotkey.exe')


All contributions are welcomed and appreciated.

Please feel free to open a GitHub issue or PR for feedback, ideas, feature requests or questions.

There's still some work to be done in the way of implementation. The ideal interfaces are still yet to be determined and your help would be invaluable.

The vision is to provide access to the most useful features of the AutoHotkey API in a Pythonic way.

Similar projects

These are some similar projects that are commonly used for automation with Python.

  • Pyautogui - Al Sweigart's creation for cross-platform automation
  • Pywinauto - Automation on Windows platforms with Python.
  • keyboard - Pure Python cross-platform keyboard hooks/control and hotkeys!
  • mouse - From the creators of keyboard, Pure Python mouse control!
  • pynput - Keyboard and mouse control

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