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UPnP for asyncio

Project description

[Build Status codecov PyPI version Python 3.6 Python 3.7 Python 3.8

UPnP for asyncio

aioupnp is a python 3.6-8 library and command line tool to interact with UPnP gateways using asyncio. aioupnp requires the netifaces and defusedxml modules.

Supported devices

img

Installation

Verify python is version 3.6-8

python --version

Installation for normal usage

pip install aioupnp

Installation for development

git clone https://github.com/lbryio/aioupnp.git
cd aioupnp
pip install -e .

Usage

aioupnp [-h] [--debug_logging] [--interface=<interface>] [--gateway_address=<gateway_address>]
        [--lan_address=<lan_address>] [--timeout=<timeout>]
        [(--<case sensitive m-search header>=<value>)...]
        command [--<arg name>=<arg>]...

Commands

  • help
  • get_external_ip
  • m_search
  • add_port_mapping
  • get_port_mapping_by_index
  • get_redirects
  • get_specific_port_mapping
  • delete_port_mapping
  • get_next_mapping
  • gather_debug_info

To get the documentation for a command

aioupnp help get_external_ip

To get the external ip address

aioupnp get_external_ip

To list the active port mappings on the gateway

aioupnp get_redirects

To set up a TCP port mapping

aioupnp add_port_mapping --external_port=1234 --internal_port=1234 --lan_address=<lan_addr> --description=test --protocol=TCP

To delete a TCP port mapping

aioupnp delete_port_mapping --external_port=1234 --protocol=TCP

M-Search headers

UPnP uses a multicast protocol (SSDP) to locate the gateway. Gateway discovery is automatic by default, but you may provide specific headers for the search to use to override automatic discovery.

If m-search headers are provided as keyword arguments then all of the headers to be used must be provided, in the order they are to be used. For example:

aioupnp --HOST=239.255.255.250:1900 --MAN=\"ssdp:discover\" --MX=1 --ST=upnp:rootdevice m_search

Using non-default network interfaces

By default, the network device will be automatically discovered. The interface may instead be specified with the --interface, provided before the command to be run. The gateway used on the interface network may be specified with the --gateway_address argument.

aioupnp --interface=wlp4s0 --gateway_address=192.168.1.6 m_search

Example usage from python

from aioupnp.upnp import UPnP

async def main():
    upnp = await UPnP.discover()
    print(await upnp.get_external_ip())
    print(await upnp.get_redirects())

    print("adding a port mapping")
    await upnp.add_port_mapping(1234, 'TCP', 1234, upnp.lan_address, 'test mapping')
    print(await upnp.get_redirects())

    print("deleting the port mapping")
    await upnp.delete_port_mapping(1234, 'TCP')
    print(await upnp.get_redirects())


asyncio.run(main())

Troubleshooting

If aioupnp is failing with m-search timeouts this means the UPnP gateway (the router) isn't being found at all. To see if this error is expected try running m_search with debug logging, which will print out the packets sent and received:

aioupnp --debug_logging m_search

If you only see packets being sent or the replies are only from devices that aren't your router (smart devices, speakers, etc), then there are three options:

  • your router does not support UPnP (this is unlikely)
  • UPnP is turned off in the web gui for your router (more likely)
  • aioupnp has a bug (very likely if you don't see your router manufacturer doing well in the supported devices table)

If you see replies from the router but it still fails, then it's likely a bug in aioupnp.

If there are no replies and UPnP is certainly turned on, then a local firewall is the likely culprit.

Sending a bug report

If it still doesn't work, you can send a bug report using an included script. This script will try finding the UPnP gateway using aioupnp as well as miniupnpc and then try add and remove a port mapping using each library. The script does this while capturing the packets sent/received, which makes figuring out what went wrong possible. The script will create a file with this packet capture (aioupnp-bug-report.json) and automatically send it.

Note: the bug report script currently does not work on MacOS

git clone https://github.com/lbryio/aioupnp.git
cd aioupnp
python3 -m pip install -e .

python3 -m pip install --user certifi aiohttp miniupnpc
sudo -E python3 generate_bug_report.py

License

This project is MIT licensed. For the full license, see LICENSE.

Contact

The primary contact for this project is @jackrobison

Project details


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