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A framework for writing Airbyte Connectors.

Project description

Connector Development Kit (Python)

The Airbyte Python CDK is a framework for rapidly developing production-grade Airbyte connectors. The CDK currently offers helpers specific for creating Airbyte source connectors for:

  • HTTP APIs (REST APIs, GraphQL, etc..)
  • Singer Taps
  • Generic Python sources (anything not covered by the above)

The CDK provides an improved developer experience by providing basic implementation structure and abstracting away low-level glue boilerplate.

This document is a general introduction to the CDK. Readers should have basic familiarity with the Airbyte Specification before proceeding.

Getting Started

Generate an empty connector using the code generator. First clone the Airbyte repository then from the repository root run

cd airbyte-integrations/connector-templates/generator

then follow the interactive prompt. Next, find all TODOs in the generated project directory -- they're accompanied by lots of comments explaining what you'll need to do in order to implement your connector. Upon completing all TODOs properly, you should have a functioning connector.

Additionally, you can follow this tutorial for a complete walkthrough of creating an HTTP connector using the Airbyte CDK.

Concepts & Documentation

See the concepts docs for a tour through what the API offers.

Example Connectors

HTTP Connectors:

Singer connectors:

Simple Python connectors using the barebones Source abstraction:


First time setup

We assume python points to python >=3.8.

Setup a virtual env:

python -m venv .venv
source .venv/bin/activate
pip install -e ".[dev]" # [dev] installs development-only dependencies


  • Iterate on the code locally
  • Run tests via python -m pytest -s unit_tests
  • Perform static type checks using mypy airbyte_cdk. MyPy configuration is in mypy.ini.
  • Run mypy <files to check> to only check specific files. This is useful as the CDK still contains code that is not compliant.
  • The script bundles both type checking and testing in one convenient command. Feel free to use it!
Autogenerated files

If the iteration you are working on includes changes to the models, you might want to regenerate them. In order to do that, you can run:

./gradlew :airbyte-cdk:python:format

This will generate the files based on the schemas, add the license information and format the code. If you want to only do the former and rely on pre-commit to the others, you can run the appropriate generation command i.e. ./gradlew generateComponentManifestClassFiles.


All tests are located in the unit_tests directory. Run python -m pytest --cov=airbyte_cdk unit_tests/ to run them. This also presents a test coverage report.

Building and testing a connector with your local CDK

When developing a new feature in the CDK, you may find it helpful to run a connector that uses that new feature. You can test this in one of two ways:

  • Running a connector locally
  • Building and running a source via Docker
Installing your local CDK into a local Python connector

In order to get a local Python connector running your local CDK, do the following.

First, make sure you have your connector's virtual environment active:

# from the `airbyte/airbyte-integrations/connectors/<connector-directory>` directory
source .venv/bin/activate

# if you haven't installed dependencies for your connector already
pip install -e .

Then, navigate to the CDK and install it in editable mode:

cd ../../../airbyte-cdk/python
pip install -e .

You should see that pip has uninstalled the version of airbyte-cdk defined by your connector's and installed your local CDK. Any changes you make will be immediately reflected in your editor, so long as your editor's interpreter is set to your connector's virtual environment.

Building a Python connector in Docker with your local CDK installed

Pre-requisite: Install the airbyte-ci CLI

You can build your connector image with the local CDK using

# from the airbytehq/airbyte base directory
airbyte-ci connectors --use-local-cdk --name=<CONNECTOR> build

Note that the local CDK is injected at build time, so if you make changes, you will have to run the build command again to see them reflected.

Running Connector Acceptance Tests for a single connector in Docker with your local CDK installed

Pre-requisite: Install the airbyte-ci CLI

To run acceptance tests for a single connectors using the local CDK, from the connector directory, run

airbyte-ci connectors --use-local-cdk --name=<CONNECTOR> test

When you don't have access to the API

There can be some time where you do not have access to the API (either because you don't have the credentials, network access, etc...) You will probably still want to do end-to-end testing at least once. In order to do so, you can emulate the server you would be reaching using a server stubbing tool.

For example, using mockserver, you can set up an expectation file like this:

  "httpRequest": {
    "method": "GET",
    "path": "/data"
  "httpResponse": {
    "body": "{\"data\": [{\"record_key\": 1}, {\"record_key\": 2}]}"

Assuming this file has been created at secrets/mock_server_config/expectations.json, running the following command will allow to match any requests on path /data to return the response defined in the expectation file: docker run -d --rm -v $(pwd)/secrets/mock_server_config:/config -p 8113:8113 --env MOCKSERVER_LOG_LEVEL=TRACE --env MOCKSERVER_SERVER_PORT=8113 --env MOCKSERVER_WATCH_INITIALIZATION_JSON=true --env MOCKSERVER_PERSISTED_EXPECTATIONS_PATH=/config/expectations.json --env MOCKSERVER_INITIALIZATION_JSON_PATH=/config/expectations.json mockserver/mockserver:5.15.0

HTTP requests to localhost:8113/data should now return the body defined in the expectations file. To test this, the implementer either has to change the code which defines the base URL for Python source or update the url_base from low-code. With the Connector Builder running in docker, you will have to use domain host.docker.internal instead of localhost as the requests are executed within docker.

Publishing a new version to PyPi

  1. Open a PR
  2. Once it is approved and merged, an Airbyte member must run the Publish CDK Manually workflow from master using release-type=major|manor|patch and setting the changelog message.

Coming Soon

  • Full OAuth 2.0 support (including refresh token issuing flow via UI or CLI)
  • Airbyte Java HTTP CDK
  • CDK for Async HTTP endpoints (request-poll-wait style endpoints)
  • CDK for other protocols
  • Don't see a feature you need? Create an issue and let us know how we can help!

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