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A code linter for alidist packages

Project description

alidistlint - code linter for alidist recipes

alidistlint runs shellcheck on the scripts in alidist recipes and yamllint on their YAML headers, in addition to its own validation and checks on the YAML header and scripts in the recipe.


To install alidistlint, run:

pip install --user alidistlint

You should also install yamllint and shellcheck, though this is optional.


Run alidistlint -h to get more information about its arguments.

usage: alidistlint [-h] [-S] [-Y] [-H] [-f FORMAT] RECIPE [RECIPE ...]

You can disable individual checkers using -S/--no-shellcheck and -Y/--no-yamllint for external linters, or -L/--no-scriptlint and -H/--no-headerlint for alidistlint's built-in linters. By default, all checkers are run.

Optionally, select the output format of errors using -f/--format.

Finally, pass one or multiple files to be checked to alidistlint. You can use - for the standard input here, but be aware that this will produce spurious errors, as file names are meaningful for alidist recipes.

Errors and warnings will be printed to standard output in the format you selected.

If any messages with "error" severity were produced, alidistlint exits with a non-zero exit code.

Shellcheck validation

The main build recipe (after the --- line) is passed to shellcheck.

Currently, toplevel keys ending in _recipe or _check (such as incremental_recipe) are also checked using shellcheck. This does not work for such keys specified in overrides yet.

There is a known issue with the checking of the above keys: if they do not start on a new line (using e.g. key: |), the reported line numbers for shellcheck errors will be off by one.

Internal script checks

The following error codes are produced by the internal linter for scripts in recipes. This linter checks for alidist-specific pitfalls and bad practices in shell scripts that shellcheck won't know about. It can be switched off using -L/--no-scriptlint. There is currently no way to disable individual checks.

  • ali:script-type (error): The contents of a *_recipe or *_check value in the YAML header were not parsed as a string. Perhaps you used a bare foo_recipe:, which results in a null value, not an empty string.
  • ali:missing-modulefile (note): The linter could not detect the creation of a Modulefile for this package, even though it has determined that one is needed. Ideally, use alibuild-generate-module to create a Modulefile for you. If you're generating a Modulefile yourself, make sure that it starts with a #%Module1.0 comment and that this string appears in the script.
  • ali:consider-a-g-m (note): The linter detected that you're manually generating a Modulefile in this recipe. You should prefer using alibuild-generate-module, which creates the common Modulefile boilerplate for you. If using alibuild-generate-module, you can still append your own Modulefile commands to the generated file.
  • ali:bad-shebang (note): aliBuild runs scripts using bash -e. Non-trivial scripts (i.e. the "main" script in a recipe and incremental_recipe, if provided) must start with a #!/bin/bash -e line to signal this to shellcheck. For other scripts, this check is only enforced if the script in question already has a shebang line, to avoid confusion.
  • ali:colons-prepend-path (error): Modules 4 does not allow colons in prepend-path, but the linter detected that you used them. Use multiple prepend-path calls to prepend multiple things to $PATH instead.
  • ali:dyld-library-path (note): On MacOS, the DYLD_LIBRARY_PATH variable is not propagated to subprocesses if System Integrity Protection is enabled. Recipes must not rely on this variable. If there is a problem and libraries cannot be found at runtime, then aliBuild's relocation code must be fixed.
  • ali:masked-exitcode (note): Commands of the form mkdir ... && rsync ... are an often-copy-pasted pattern in alidist recipes. This is usually used to install Modulefiles. However, this line does not behave correctly if the mkdir fails: in that case, the rsync is silently skipped. If you find a false positive for this check, please open an issue.

Internal YAML header validation

The following error codes are produced by the internal linter for YAML headers. It can be switched off using -H/--no-headerlint. There is currently no way to disable individual checks.

  • ali:empty (error): The YAML header was not found. It must be terminated by a \n-terminated line containing nothing but three dashes (---).
  • ali:parse (error): The YAML header could not be parsed or was fundamentally invalid. This is produced when PyYAML's yaml.load raises an error or when the provided YAML header is not a dictionary. key: value pairs must be provided as the YAML header.
  • ali:schema (error): The YAML header did not conform to its schema. See the error message for more details.
  • ali:key-order (warning): The package, version and tag keys were not found in the correct order. These keys should be the first in the file, in the above order (if present). Additionally, the requires key must come before build_requires.

GitHub Actions integration

You can run alidistlint as part of a GitHub Action using -f github. In that case, alidistlint will annotate files with the errors found in them.

alidistlint will exit with a non-zero exit code if any errors were found (but not if only warnings were produced), which will cause the workflow to fail.

Vim integration

Put the following in your .vimrc:

autocmd BufNewFile,BufRead *alidist/*.sh set makeprg=alidistlint\ -f\ gcc\ % errorformat=%f:%l:%c:\ %t%*[a-z]:\ %m
" If you want to automatically re-run the linter on every save:
autocmd BufWritePost *alidist/*.sh make

Then you can use :make to run the linter, :cl to see the error list, and navigate from one error to another using :cp (previous), :cc (current) and :cn (next).

Emacs integration

Here is a simple Flycheck checker using alidistlint. You can set this to check alidist recipes.

(require 'flycheck)
(flycheck-def-executable-var alidist "alidistlint")
(flycheck-define-checker alidist
  "A syntax checker and linter for alidist recipes."
  ;; `flycheck-alidist-executable' automatically overrides the car of the
  ;; :command list if set and non-nil.
  :command ("alidistlint" "--format=gcc" source)
  ((error line-start (file-name) ":" line ":" column ": error: " (message)
          " [" (id (minimal-match (one-or-more not-newline))) "]" line-end)
   (warning line-start (file-name) ":" line ":" column ": warning: " (message)
            " [" (id (minimal-match (one-or-more not-newline))) "]" line-end)
   (info line-start (file-name) ":" line ":" column ": note: " (message)
         " [" (id (minimal-match (one-or-more not-newline))) "]" line-end)))
(add-to-list 'flycheck-checkers 'alidist)

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