Skip to main content

A tool to build reproducible wheels.

Project description


This is a tool to build reproducible wheels for you Python project or for all of your dependencies. Means, if you use the same Operating System version and similar system level dependencies, you will always get the same wheel generated. Thus enabling us to have a bit more protection from side-channel attacks. Any user of the wheels can verify that they are using the correct build from the exact source via verifying the builds themselves.

Why do we need a reproducible wheel?

A few different positive points:

  • If we build the wheels from a known source (via pinned hashes in requirements file), we can also verify if we are using the correct wheels build from them.
  • Any user/developer can rebuild the wheels from the pinned source, and should get the exact same wheel as output. Thus if anything gets into the build process (say in CI), or the wheel is actually built from a different source, automated tools can identify those.

How to install?

python3 -m pip install amrasaman

How to build reproducible wheels?

asaman --help
Usage: asaman [OPTIONS]

  Tool to build reproducible wheels.

  -s, --source FILE          A single source tarball or zip file.
  -d, --directory DIRECTORY  A directory containing all source tarballs and
  -o, --output DIRECTORY     The output directory to store all wheel files.
                             Default: ./wheels
  -r, --requirement FILE     Path to the requirement.txt file which contains
                             all packages to build along with hashes.
  --sde TEXT                 Custom SOURCE_DATE_EPOCH value.
  --help                     Show this message and exit.

To build a reproducible wheel for a given source tar ball.

asaman -s dist/yourpackage_4.2.0.tar.gz

By default the freshly built wheel will be stored in the ./wheels/ directory, you can select any directory for the same using -o or --output option.

To built reproducible wheels for all the sources from a directory.

asaman -d path/to/sources/

Or, you can point to a requirements file which contains all the dependencies along with hashes.

asaman -r requirements.txt

How to generate a requirements file with hashes from the reproducible wheels?

asaman-generate requirements.txt

The asaman-generate command will help you to create a fresh verified-requirements.txt, which will contain the hashes from reproducible wheels. You can pass -o/--output option to pass your custom file name.

asaman-generate --help
Usage: asaman-generate [OPTIONS] REQUIREMENT

  Tool to build verified requirements file from reproducible wheels.

  -o, --output FILE       The output file. Default: verified-{requirement}.txt
  -w, --wheels DIRECTORY  The directory with reproducible wheels.
  -s, --skip TEXT         The packages we don't want in our final requirement
  --help                  Show this message and exit.

How to create a requirement file with hashes from PyPI or your personal index?

Use pip-tools project.

pip-compile --generate-hashes --allow-unsafe --output-file=requirements.txt

Please make sure that you note down all the build dependencies of any given dependency, otherwise during the build process, pip will download from PyPI and install them in the build environment. If you are building from a requirements file, during download and extracting each source tar ball, you can notice if the dependency has any build time dependency or not. Otherwise, you can manually look at the build time dependencies.

For example in the following text you can find a few packages with build time dependencies. Look at the lines with Getting requirements to build wheel.

Collecting build==0.7.0
  Using cached build-0.7.0.tar.gz (15 kB)
  Installing build dependencies ... done
  Getting requirements to build wheel ... done
    Preparing wheel metadata ... done
Collecting click==8.0.1
  Using cached click-8.0.1.tar.gz (327 kB)
Collecting packaging==21.0
  Using cached packaging-21.0.tar.gz (83 kB)
  Installing build dependencies ... done
  Getting requirements to build wheel ... done
    Preparing wheel metadata ... done
Collecting pep517==0.11.0
  Using cached pep517-0.11.0.tar.gz (25 kB)
  Installing build dependencies ... done
  Getting requirements to build wheel ... done
    Preparing wheel metadata ... done

Bootstrapping the build environment

For any production use, you should also bootstrap the build environment, and create the initial virtual environment to build all dependencies in that environment only. You can store the wheels in any place you want (S3, or git-lfs), and start from there during creating the environment next time.

In following commands, we will create a set of wheels for such bootstrap environment where the build requirements are mentioned in

amrasaman >=0.1.0
python3 -m venv .venv
source .venv/bin/activate
python3 -m pip install pip-tools # This is coming directly from pypi
pip-compile --generate-hashes --allow-unsafe --output-file=bootstrap.txt
asaman -r bootstrap.txt

This will create all the wheels in the ./wheels directory. From next time, one can install them from the ./wheels directory directory.

But, first we will create a new requirements file with only the hashes from our reproducible wheels, the output file name will be verified-bootstrap.txt.

asaman-generate bootstrap.txt

Now we can use this file to create the environment.

python3 -m venv .venv
source .venv/bin/activate
python3 -m pip install --no-index --find-links ./wheels --require-hashes --only-binary :all: -r verified-bootstrap.txt 

Project details

Download files

Download the file for your platform. If you're not sure which to choose, learn more about installing packages.

Source Distribution

amrasaman-0.1.5.tar.gz (8.9 kB view hashes)

Uploaded source

Built Distribution

amrasaman-0.1.5-py3-none-any.whl (7.2 kB view hashes)

Uploaded py3

Supported by

AWS AWS Cloud computing Datadog Datadog Monitoring Fastly Fastly CDN Google Google Object Storage and Download Analytics Microsoft Microsoft PSF Sponsor Pingdom Pingdom Monitoring Sentry Sentry Error logging StatusPage StatusPage Status page