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Fast addressable priority queues supporting advanced operations

Project description


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apq implements different variants of addressable priority queue data structures importable from Python 3 projects.

The project aims to provide run-time efficient implementations of priority queues whilst remaining practical in use and maintaining a legible code base.

  • All priority queues provided by apq are backed by a C++ binary heap implementation. The priority queue types exposed to Python are implemented in Cython.

  • apq has no installation or runtime dependencies on all common platforms. Note: A compiler and basic C++ headers are required on platforms for which no binary distribution of apq is available.

  • Type stubs are installed along with the package so that mypy can fully check dependent code.

Priority Queue Types

These priority queues use 64 bit floating point as priority values (value) and FIFO semantic for entries with the same value. Note: 64 bit floats can represent 54 bit signed integers.

  • AddressablePQ - Not implemented. This priority queue exposes persistent references in the form of Item its entries. Through Item, the value of entries can be changed and arbitrary entries can be removed from the PQ.

  • KeyedPQ - This priority queue allows lookup of entries through a string key. That means it combines an addressable priority queue with a dictionary, creating a str to item mapping (almost implementing typing.Mapping[str, KeyedItem]). KeyedPQ is recommended whenever individual entries are looked up using a key.

  • SimplePQ - Not implemented. This priority queue is a non-addressable variant of AddressablePQ. SimplePQ is recommended when a fast PQ is required which is only modified via add() and pop().



$ pip install apq


>>> from apq import KeyedPQ
>>> pq: KeyedPQ[None] = KeyedPQ()
>>> pq.add('my_first_key', 34.0, None)
<apq.Item object at 0x7f506884bd70>
>>> pq.add('my_second_key', 36.0, None)
<apq.Item object at 0x7f506884bcb0>
>>> pq.change_value('my_second_key', 12.0)
<apq.Item object at 0x7f50663604f0>
>>> print(pq.pop())
('my_second_key', 12.0, None)

Releases and Compatibility

apq uses semantic versioning to derive the version identifier of releases. Code using the documented public API of apq will continue to work with all future releases of apq which are API compatible. API compatibility is indicated through the major component of the version identifier.

apq is currently under active development / in beta. Breaking changes of the public interface will occur. Beta releases are indicated through a 0 in the major component of the version identifier, e.g. 0.10.0.

To encourage use during beta, apq extends semantic versioning to beta releases as follows: From 0.10.0 onwards, API compatibility is guaranteed for all future releases with the same MINOR // 10 value. E.g. 0.17.3 is API compatible with 0.10.1.

Depending packages should use this semantic for specifying version constraints, e.g. apq >= 0.11.1, < 0.20.0 (c.f. PEP 508). Pinning is still recommended for applications, e.g. using Poetry or Pipenv.

apq aims to fully work on all active versions of Python. Python 3.5 is not supported at the moment. Information on the state of Python releases is described in the Python Developer's Guide with further details on the Development Cycle page.


apq is distributed through PyPi. The PyPi apq Project contains a source distribution for each release. Additionally, pre-built binary distribution in the form of wheels are available for common platforms. pip install apq will automatically detect the most appropriate distribution.

TODO: Table of machine platform and OS, Python implementation and version for which wheels are built.

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