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# ArcGIS REST Query
A simple library that can download a layer from a map in an
ArcGIS web service and convert it to something useful: GeoJSON.
>>> import arcgis
>>> source = "http://services.arcgis.com/P3ePLMYs2RVChkJx/ArcGIS/rest/services/USA_Congressional_Districts/FeatureServer"
>>> service = arcgis.ArcGIS(source)
>>> layer_id = 0
>>> shapes = service.get(layer_id, "STATE_ABBR='IN'")
This assumes you've inspected your ArcGIS services endpoint to know what to look for.
ArcGIS DOES publish json files enumerating the endpoints you can query, so autodiscovery
could be possible further down the line.
The easiest way:
pip install arcgis-rest-query
# Create a virtual environment (pip install virtualenv if you don't have it already)
git clone firstname.lastname@example.org:Schwanksta/python-arcgis-rest-query repo
pip install -r requirements.txt
## From the command line
You can also use the included arcgis-get utility, like so:
$ arcgis-get http://tigerweb.geo.census.gov/arcgis/rest/services/TIGERweb/Legislative/MapServer 0 --where="STATE = 15" > hawaii_congressional_districts.geojson
This will download the 114th Congressional District shapes for Hawaii (FIPS ID is 15). We filter down in this example because there are a bunch of congressional districts, and it would take a while to download them all.
You should run `--count_only` before downloading an entire dataset, so you can see what you're in store for.
$ arcgis-get http://tigerweb.geo.census.gov/arcgis/rest/services/TIGERweb/Legislative/MapServer 0 --count_only
The utilitiy downloads in batches of 1000, so while this will only need to hit the API once, the resulting file would be rather large.
You can also download multiple layers into the same file from the command line. For example, if you wanted to combine the Tennessee congressional districts for the 114th and 113th congress into the same file:
$ arcgis-get http://tigerweb.geo.census.gov/arcgis/rest/services/TIGERweb/Legislative/MapServer 0 12 --where="STATE = 47" --layer_name_field='source_layer' > tn_distrcits_2013_2014.geojson
The ArcGIS() constructor takes only one required argument, the URL to the web services endpoint you wish to query.
>>> from arcgis import ArcGIS
>>> service = ArcGIS("http://tigerweb.geo.census.gov/arcgis/rest/services/Basemaps/CommunityTIGER/MapServer")
### Authenticating requests to your ArcGIS server
If your ArcGIS endpoint is protected via token authorization, pass a valid username/password to the constructor
to validate your requests via token auth:
>>> import os
>>> from arcgis import ArcGIS
>>> username = os.getenv('ARCGIS_USERNAME', None)
>>> password = os.getenv('ARCGIS_PASSWORD', None)
>>> service = ArcGIS("http://hostname/to/token/auth/featureServer",
You can then continue making requests as detailed below.
## ArcGIS.get(layer[,where="1 = 1", fields=, count_only=False, srid='4326'])
Gets a single layer from the web service.
>>> geojson = service.get(28)
>>> only_florida = service.get(28, where="NAME = 'Florida'")
>>> # Specifying the fields means we get only those fields in return
>>> only_florida_shape = service.get(28, where="NAME = 'Florida'", fields=['OBJECTID'])
If `count_only` is specified, we return a simple count of the number of features in the layer you're querying. This is useful for determining how big of a query you're about to make, or if your `WHERE` filter is correct.
>>> states_count = service.get(28, count_only=True)
>>> southeast_count = service.get(28, where="NAME IN ('Florida', 'Georgia', 'Alabama', 'South Carolina')", count_only=True)
### ArcGIS.getMultiple(layers[, where="1 = 1", fields=, srid='4326', layer_name_field=None])
Concatenate multiple layers into one geojson. This is useful if you have a map with layers for, say, every year, named foo_2014, foo_2013, foo_2012, etc. Setting `layer_name_field` adds a field to every returned object specifying which layer it came from.
>>> service = ArcGIS("http://tigerweb.geo.census.gov/arcgis/rest/services/Census2010/Transportation/MapServer")
>>> # Get any primary or secondary roads named after MLK Jr. and combine them.
>>> mlk_roads = service.getMultiple([0,1], where="NAME LIKE '%Martin Luther King%'", layer_name_field="src_layer")
>>> # Inspect the src_layer field in the first returned feature.
### ArcGIS.get_json(layer[, where="1 = 1", fields=, count_only=False, srid='4326'])
Returns the raw JSON from ArcGIS web services for the layer. This is not GeoJSON.
>>> raw_json = service.get_json(0)
Returns the JSON descriptor for the layer. This tells you things like what fields are in the layer, what sort of geometry it contains, etc. The response of this function is cached, so repeated calls to the same layer will not hit the ArcGIS web service.
>>> descriptor = service.get_descriptor(0)
Returns a list of the field names in the layer. Useful for determining what you want to request in a `.get()` call.
>>> field_list = service.enumerate_layer_fields(0)
# Piping to geojsonio
If you install [geojsonio-cli](https://github.com/mapbox/geojsonio-cli/), you can pipe output directly to a viewable map.
npm install -g geojsonio-cli
Then, we could re-do the query on Hawaii's congressional districts:
$ arcgis-get http://tigerweb.geo.census.gov/arcgis/rest/services/TIGERweb/Legislative/MapServer 0 --where="STATE = 15" | geojsonio
And get some glorious mapped output:
Or, for example, if you want to get the Census' state shape for just Florida and display it on geojson.io, you could do:
arcgis-get --where="NAME = 'Florida'" http://tigerweb.geo.census.gov/arcgis/rest/services/Basemaps/CommunityTIGER/MapServer 28 | geojsonio
# Potential pitfalls
Since you can only query in batches of 1,000, and sometimes these are millions of records, these operations could take a long time. Currently there's no status indicator on the CLI, so run `--count_only` first to see how long you might wait.
TODO: Brief introduction on what you do with files - including link to relevant help section.