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Utility for easily assuming AWS IAM roles from the command line, now in Python!

Project Description

Utility for easily assuming AWS IAM roles from the command line, now in Python!

What is AWSume?

AWSume is a cross-platform (Mac, Linux, Windows) command-line tool that makes assuming AWS roles and setting user credentials from the AWS CLI easy! It works by scanning your .aws/config and .aws/credentials files for the profile you give it, making AWS calls to get that profile’s credentials, and exporting those credentials to your shell’s environment variables. Then, any AWS CLI calls you make in that shell will be under the profile you gave AWSume.

Now, AWSume comes with a built-in auto-refresher! AWS role credentials are only valid for an hour max, and once that hour is up, you need to refresh those credentials, either by calling AWSume again, or doing it yourself. Now, AWSume has the ability to spawn a background process that waits for your role credentials to expire, and auto-refreshes them for you, that is, for as long as the role’s source profile is valid. And when you’re done working with that role and you’d like to stop that background process from refreshing those role credentials, simply pass the -k flag with the profile you gave it to AWSume. If you’re done working with all auto-refreshed roles entirely, you can just call awsume -k without a profile to kill the background process and remove those role credentials.

Installation

Pip Installation

AWSume has been conveniently wrapped into a Python package and installable with just one simple command:

pip install awsume

This will install AWSume from from the Python Package Index. The installer places the python and shell scripts into your python directory. If you’re using Bash or Zsh, the installer will add an alias definition to their resource control file, either .bash_alias, .bashrc, .bash_profile, or .zshrc. When uninstalling AWSume, the alias definition will not be removed.

Once you have AWSume installed, you’re ready to set up AWSume!

NOTES

  • You must have Python and Pip installed in order to use AWSume. Get them here.
  • Make sure your Python PATH environment variables are set.
  • For Linux / macOS users, restart your terminal after installing to ensure the alias to AWSume is active.
  • For macOS users, you may have to run pip with the --ignore-installed six option. Try installing without it first. If it doesn’t work, try adding the option to the end of the command.

Setup

Configuring Using The AWS CLI

aws configure set <key> <value> --profile <profile_name>

Where:

  • key is what you would like to set within the config/credentials file, such as:
  • aws_access_key_id, aws_secret_access_key, region, output, mfa_serial, role_arn, or source_profile
  • value is the value you’d like to set the key to
  • profile_name is the name of the profile you are creating
  • profile_name is what you will pass into AWSume

Configuring Manually

Add profiles to

~/.aws/config (for macOS / Linux)

%userprofile%\.aws\config (for Windows)

Add source profiles to

~/.aws/credentials (for macOS / Linux)

%userprofile%\.aws\credentials (for Windows)

~/.aws/config

[default]
region = us-east-1
[profile internal-admin]
role_arn = arn:aws:iam::<your aws account id>/role/admin-role
source_profile = joel
region = us-east-1
[profile client1-admin]
role_arn = arn:aws:iam::<client #1 account id>/role/admin-role
mfa_serial = arn:aws:iam::<your aws account id>:mfa/joel
source_profile = joel
region = us-west-2
[profile client2-admin]
role_arn = arn:aws:iam::<client #2 account id>/role/admin-role
mfa_serial = arn:aws:iam::<your aws account id>:mfa/joel
source_profile = joel
region = us-east-1

Add credentials to

~/.aws/credentials (for macOS / Linux)

%userprofile%\.aws\credentials (for Windows)

~/.aws/credentials

[default]
aws_access_key_id = AKIAIOIEUFSN9EXAMPLE
aws_secret_access_key = wJalrXIneUATF/K7MDENG/jeuFHEnfEXAMPLEKEY
[joel]
aws_access_key_id = AKIAIOSFODNN7EXAMPLE
aws_secret_access_key = wJalrXUtnFEMI/K7MDENG/bPxRfiCYEXAMPLEKEY

Usage:

usage: awsumepy [-h] [-d] [-s] [-r] [-a] [-k] [-v] [-l] [profile name]

AWSume

positional arguments:
profile name  The profile name

optional arguments:
-h, --help    show this help message and exit
-d            Use the default profile
-s            Show the commands to assume the role
-r            Force refresh the session
-a            Enable auto-refreshing role credentials
-k            Kill the auto-refreshing process
-v            Display the current version of AWSume
-l            List useful information about available

AutoAwsume

AutoAwsume is a new feature that brings in the ability to auto-refresh your role credentials, so that you don’t have to worry about refreshing them yourself every hour. Lets say you want to work under your client-admin role, whose source profile is client-source. If you want to AWSume client-admin credentials, but want them to be auto-refreshed when they expire, simply call awsume client-admin -a.

Then, AWSume will add an auto-refresh-client-admin profile to your .aws/credentials file, and export that profile to your environment’s AWS_PROFILE and AWS_DEFAULT_PROFILE variables. Then, any AWS calls you make will be under that profile.

Now, while that is happening, AWSume spawned a background process, autoAwsume, that scanns through all profiles listed in your .aws/credentials file, and finds any that are prefixed with auto-refresh-. (In this case, it’d find a profile named auto-refresh-client-admin) AutoAwsume finds the credentials that will expire the soonest (whether that be the role’s source profile credentials or the role credentials themselves) and waits for that moment before it runs again to refresh it.

When you’re ready to stop working on that profile, simply call awsume client-admin -k to remove the auto-refresh-client-admin profile from your .aws/credentials file. If there are no more auto-refresh- profiles remaining in your .aws/credentials file, autoAwsume will stop running. If you’d like to stop autoAwsume entirely and remove all auto-refresh- profiles from the .aws/credentials file completely, simply call awsume -k.

NOTES

  • Do not kill the autoAwsume process yourself, only kill it through the awsume [profile] -k command.
  • When working with autoAwsume on Windows, if you’re using Command Prompt, autoAwsume will appear as a minimized window. Only shut it down with the awsume [profile] -k command.
  • When working on Windows, use the same shell to shut autoAwsume down that you used to start it up. Do not try to close the autoAwsume process with PowerShell if it has been started with Command Prompt, and vise versa.
  • AutoAwsume works using the AWS_PROFILE and AWS_DEFAULT_PROFILE environment variables that point to a specific profile in your .aws/credentials file, so when that profiles’ source profile credentials expire (They usually last around 12 hours), you may get an error telling you that The config profile ([profile]) could not be found. If this happens just call AWSume again to continue working.

Examples:

awsume client1-source-profile Exports client1-source-profile credentials into current shell, will ask for MFA if needed

awsume client1-source-profile -n Exports client1-source-profile credentials into current shell, will usually not ask for MFA, but it will if client1-source-profile is a role profile instead of a source profile, and requires MFA

awsume client1-admin Exports client1-admin credentials into current shell, will ask for MFA if needed

awsume Exports the default profile’s credentials into current shell, will ask for MFA if needed

awsume -d Exports the default profile’s credentials into current shell, will ask for MFA if needed

awsume client1-admin -s Outputs export commands to shell, useful if you want to copy / paste into some other shell, will ask for MFA if needed

awsume client1-admin -r Delete cached credentials and refresh, will always prompt for MFA.

awsume client1-admin -a Exports auto-refresh profile to shell’s AWS_DEFAULT_PROFILE and AWS_PROFILE environment variables, creates a profile in the .aws/credentials file called auto-refresh-client1-admin that contains profile’s role credentials, and spawns a background process to auto-refresh those role credentials when they expire, for as long as the role’s source profile is valid.

awsume client1-admin -k Removes the auto-refresh-client1-admin profile from the .aws/credentials file. If no more auto-refresh- profiles are left in the .aws/credentials file, the auto-refreshing background process will be killed.

awsume -k Removes all auto-refresh- profiles from the .aws/credentials file, and kills the auto-refreshing background process.

NOTES

  • Only use the awsume [profile] -k option to stop the background process, do not run a kill command or terminate the process yourself without AWSume.

See our blog for more details.

Release History

Release History

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2.1.1

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2.1.0

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2.0.0

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1.3.2

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1.3.1

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1.3.0

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1.2.7

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1.2.6

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1.2.5

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1.2.4

This version
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1.2.3

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1.2.2

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1.2.1

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1.2.0

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1.1.7

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1.1.6

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1.1.5

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1.1.4

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1.1.3

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1.1.2

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1.1.1

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