Cli to orchestrate docker the easy way
Let’s explain how to orchestrate docker images and containers the easy way.
@me ~$ pip install bag8
The config file
Bag8 read his config from ~/.config. You can override some values by adding a bag8.yml file there:
account: <your account name, ex: bag8> registry: <your registry host or None for the docker public one> data_paths: - <path to your data trees, note: the current dir override all>
The data tree
In bag8 project we illustrate a simple project tree:
@me ~$ tree data/ data/ ├── busybox │ ├── Dockerfile │ ├── fig.yml │ └── site.conf ├── link │ ├── Dockerfile │ └── fig.yml └── link.2 ├── Dockerfile └── fig.yml
Each project should contain a Dockerfile for the build actions, and a fig.yml file for the orchestration.
We use the name of the folders as project names.
Bag8 commands can be run from anywhere since the bag8 executable is available in your current path and your config include your project data dir in the data_paths list.
Thanks to click cli framework, bag8 command and subcommands will all print there documentation with the --help argument.
My first build
Here is how we rebuild a bag8 image. You can build it from anywhere since the bag8 command is available in your current path and your bag8.yml config include the bag8 project data dir in the data_paths list.
@me ~$ bag8 build busybox @me ~$ docker images REPOSITORY TAG IMAGE ID bag8/busybox latest 59e5138d13f3
Here is how we can push it to the bag8 account of the docker HUB:
@me ~$ bag8 push busybox
You can change account and registry value in your config according your needs, for example:
account: rd registry: hub.mylittlecompany.org
It should build an tag your images as follow to be pushed to your registry:
@me ~$ bag8 build busybox @me ~$ docker images REPOSITORY TAG IMAGE ID hub.mylittlecompany.org/rd/busybox latest 59e5138d13f3
In our demo data we have a busybox project to link with a link project. busybox container should wait and link container listen for some calls on the 1234 port.
By default if you up the busybox project it will start a link container as busybox dependency then a busybox container. When the busybox container starts, and because link container expose port 1234, it will wait that link container is ready and really listen on 1234.
To test port availability we need correct dns setup. See bellow for more info about it.
Here is want we should have:
@me ~$ bag8 dns # to make sure dnsdock is up @me ~$ bag8 up busybox Creating busybox_link_1... Creating busybox_busybox_1... wait for link.docker:1234
Then both containers should respond with the name of the container .<tld>, ex.:
@me ~$ ping link.docker -c 1 PING link.docker (172.17.42.10) 56(84) bytes of data. 64 bytes from 172.17.42.10: icmp_seq=1 ttl=64 time=0.075 ms ...
You can remove or stop all the busybox project containers as follow:
@me ~$ bag8 rm busybox # or stop instead of rm Stopping busybox_busybox_1... Stopping busybox_link_1... Removing busybox_link_1... Removing busybox_busybox_1...
To remove, stop or start one container only of the busybox project, you need to add the -s option to the bag8 corresponding command as follow:
@me ~$ bag8 stop busybox -s link Stopping busybox_link_1...
Let’s say a project is a set of containers linked together to run a final app. For example, the busybox project has two containers. The busybox up when the required link container is up.
We use the project name as prefix of the project container names, ex.:
@me ~$ docker ps CONTAINER ID IMAGE ... NAMES 28e0a48b30ec bag8/busybox ... busybox_busybox_1 fc7ff2358235 bag8/link ... busybox_link_1
We can specify the prefix we want when we start a project, ex.:
@me ~$ bag8 up link -p bag8 Creating bag8_link_1...
If containers with the same name are already running, bag8 does not start new ones. For example, if you re-run the command twice. It won’t print nothing:
@me ~$ bag8 up link -p bag8
Prefixing and reusing containers allow us to start several projects and mix them all together. For example if we start the busybox we the same prefix than link, it will just link to the existing one:
@me ~$ bag8 up busybox -p bag8 Creating bag8_busybox_1...
If you do not specify project name in your command, bag8 will use your current dir name as project name:
@me ~$ mkdir busybox @me ~$ cd busybox @me ~/busybox$ bag8 up Creating busybox_busybox_1... ...
As we can see bag8 is mostly oriented for development usage. Here we introduce an additional feature named develop.
Let’s you are in your development folder and you want to work with your local code in your bag8 environment. You can run the following command:
@me ~/busybox$ bag8 stop -s busybox # first we need to stop the previous container @me ~/busybox$ bag8 develop -c sh Creating busybox_busybox_1... / #
By default develop command use bash interpreter to enter in the development container. Busybox doesn’t have bash, so we had - c argument for the demo.
For the demo we mounted the /tmp folder of the busybox to the current dir. It could have been your project sources. In practice, changes in the container persist locally.
/ # touch /tmp/this-is-a-demo / # exit @me ~/busybox$ ls this-is-a-demo
As developer tool, bag8 helps in serving your services with nginx. Let’s say the busybox container is linked to a link container that listen on 1234.
@me ~/busybox$ bag up @me ~/busybox$ curl -I link.docker:1234 HTTP/1.1 200 OK
You can write an nginx config for the busybox project that will proxy the link service. Then by running the bag8 nginx command, the tool will copy the config in a common folder and share it in the nginx container to start:
@me ~/busybox$ bag nginx @me ~/busybox$ curl -I busybox.nginx.docker HTTP/1.1 200 OK Server: nginx/1.9.11 Date: Wed, 08 Jun 2016 21:32:10 GMT Connection: keep-alive
Bag8 uses dnsdock (cf.: https://github.com/tonistiigi/dnsdock) to help in container ip resolution. Bag8 adds extra DNSDOCK_ALIAS environment variable to each container. It permits to resolve the container ip from the host or from another container.
To make it work, you need to setup your docker service and your network properly.
First we suggest the following dnsmasq conf:
@me ~$ cat /etc/dnsmasq.d/50-docker bind-interfaces except-interface=docker0 server=/docker/172.17.42.1
As suggested in the dnsdock page, you need the following DOCKER_OPTS:
DOCKER_OPTS="-bip 172.17.42.1/24 -dns 172.17.42.1"
At the end, to enable dnsdock and check you are resolving the busybox, you can type the following commands:
@me ~$ bag8 dns # it pulls the dnsdock and runs it @me ~$ dig busybox.docker ; <<>> DiG 9.9.5-9+deb8u3-Debian <<>> busybox ... ;; QUESTION SECTION: ;busybox.docker. IN A ;; ANSWER SECTION: busybox.docker. 0 IN A 172.17.42.204
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