Balanced event logging schema and library
Log schema design goals
Schema version annotated
Provide sufficient information about the event
Open and close (be flexible, avoid unnecessary change to schema)
OSI Network Model Structure
Data in the log can be divided into two major groups, one is the meta data, which is the data about the event. The another group is the log for application itself. In most cases, applications should only be interested in the application log itself. And the logging facility should only be interested in how to handle the whole event rather than to consume the content of application log. Also, since schema of application can variant, we don’t want change the whole schema everytime when application log is change. Consider these issues, one idea come to my mind is Internet OSI model is actually dealing with the same issue. It’s like TCP/IP protocol doesn’t need to know the content of application layer. Similarly, logging facility doesn’t have to know the content of application log. With this idea in mind, I define two layers for our logging system.
Facility layer is all about the event, when it is generated, who emited this event, what’s its routing tag and etc. Application layer is all about application data, like a dispute is processed, a debit is created and etc.
### id (required)
The unique GUID for this event, starts with LG prefix.
### channel (required)
The tag for routing event, e.g. justitia.models.disputes.created.
### timestamp (required)
Creating time for this event, should be in ISO8601 format with UTC timezone.
### schema (required)
A string indicates what version this schema is, follow [Semantic Versioning 2.0.0](http://semver.org).
### payload (required)
Payload of this log.
### open_content (optional)
Open content of this log.
### context (optional)
Context is a dict which contains information regarding the context when this log is emited. Optional field can be
fqdn - The host name
application - Name of running application
application_version - The version of curnning application
### composition (optional)
Is this event a composited event. If this field is not present, then composition value is default to false.
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