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Python module to decode Bencoded data

Project description

A python module for decoding bencoded data


Bencoding is a meta data representation format fot the BitTorrent Protocol (BTP). The Augmented BNF syntax for Bencoding is given below

dictionary = "d" 1*(string anytype) "e"
  list       = "l" 1*anytype "e"
  integer    = "i" signumber "e"
  string     = number ":" <number long sequence of any CHAR>
  anytype    = dictionary / list / integer / string
  signumber  = "-" number / number
  number     = 1*DIGIT
  CHAR       = %x00-FF
  DIGIT      = "0" / "1" / "2" / "3" / "4" /
               "5" / "6" / "7" / "8" / "9"

Source: BTP RFC


Decoding bencoded data is simple.

>>> import bendcode
>>> bendcode.decode('i123e')
>>> bendcode.decode('4:John')
>>> bendcode.decode('li234ei123ee')
[234, 123]
>>> bendcode.decode('d1:ai123e1:bi234ee')
{'a': 123, 'b': 234}

You can decode invidual types too !

>>> import bendcode
>>> bendcode.match_string('3:abc')
('abc', '')
>>> bendcode.match_int('i-123e')
(-123, '')
>>> bendcode.match_list('li123ee')
([123], '')
>>> bendcode.match_dict('d1:a1:bei123e')
({'a': 'b'}, 'i123e')

Note: The match_* series of functions return a tuple (first_possbile_match, remaining_unmatched_string)

Bendcode can encode too

>>> import bendcode
>>> bendcode.encode(123)
>>> bendcode.encode('John')
>>> bendcode.encode([123, 'bro'])
>>> bendcode.encode({'hello': 123})
>>> bendcode.encode(None)

You decide whether to raise an exception or not for any functions mentioned above by setting the fail_silently parameter to True or False

>>> import bendcode
>>> bendcode.match_string('abc')
(None, 'abc')
>>> bendcode.match_string('abc', fail_silently=False)
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "<stdin>", line 1, in <module>
  File "bendcode\", line 39, in match_string
    raise MalformedBencodeError('Failed to match string in ' + str(raw))
bendcode.exceptions.MalformedBencodeError: Failed to match string in abc


Run tests using the following code

>>> from bendcode import tests
>>> tests.run_tests()
Ran 34 tests in 0.015s



If you find any bug, feel free to create an issue here.


BenDcode uses GNU v2 License. Read the terms of the license here.

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