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Microservice with django

Project description

bgtasks

bgtasks is python library for dealing with data exchange between micro services using rabbitmq protocol. Moreover, you can use it as trigger for events which belongs to another services.

Installation

Use the package manager pip to install bgtasks.

pip install bgtasks

Configuration

settings.py
AMQP = {
    'USERNAME': 'guest',
    'PASSWORD': 'guest',
    'VHOST': '/',
    'HOST': 'localhost',
    'PORT': 5672,
    'RPC_SLEEP_TIME': 0.005,
    'RPC_TIMEOUT': 5,
}

Default values

'RPC_TIMEOUT': 60
'RPC_SLEEP_TIME': 0.05,

Usage

Creating bgtask view for handle actions through route

app1 tasks.py

from bgtasks import rpc_tasks

@rpc_tasks('route')
def handle(param1, param2, param3):
    print(param1, param2, param3)
    response = dict(username='Tom', surname='Isaak')
    return response

To get response

from bgtasks import RPCClient

rpc_client = RPCClient()

try:
    response = rpc_client.call('route', param1='param1_value', param2='param2_value', param3=dict(param3='param3 data'))
    print(response)
except TimeoutError:
    print('Service is not responding')

In order to avoid conflicts between remote procedure calls you should pass parameters explicitly with keywords

To run rpc task run command below

python manage.py tasks

RestFramework

app1 models.py

from django.db import models
from bgtasks.models import RemoteField

class User(models.Model):
    username = models.CharField(max_length=255)
    image = RemoteField() # in our case, it is in another service id

RemoteField

from rest_framework import serializers
from bgtasks.rest_framework.fields import RemoteField
from app1.models import User

class UserModelSerializer(serializers.ModelSerializer):
    image = RemoteField(route='route')

    class Meta:
        model = User
        fields = '__all__'

In this case your route should receive arguments' list with explicit variable name pks

Example

from bgtasks import rpc_tasks
from bgtasks.rest_framework.validators import IntegerListSerializer

@rpc_tasks('route')
def handle(pks:list):
    serializer = IntegerListSerializer(data=pks)
    if serializer.is_valid():
        # Handle your action and response as list
        response = [dict(id=1, path='/path/to/image.jpg')]
        return dict(status='success', data=response)
    return dict(status='fail', data=serializer.errors)

And make sure that returned response should be formed as below format.

Format

{
    'status': 'success/fail',
    'data': [
        {
            'id': 1,
            # data
        },
        {
            'id': 2,
            # data
        }
    ]
}

Handling list serializer

In order to avoid from sending many rpc requests at first level of serializer we added RPCSerializerMixin

from bgtasks.rest_framework.serilaizers import RPCSerializerMixin
from bgtasks.rest_framework.fields import RemoteField
from rest_framework import serializers
from app1.models import User

class UserModelSerializer(RPCSerializerMixin, serializers.ModelSerializer):
    image = RemoteField(route='route')

    class Meta:
        model = User
        fields = '__all__'

users = User.objects.all()
serializer = UserModelSerializer(users, many=True)
print(serializer.data)

It will send to route one request with gathered pks in body as [1,2,3,4,5], after which will be iterated to merge current serializer data which maps to id field in rpc response

Output
[
    {
        'id': 1,
        'username': 'Tom',
        'image': {'id': 1, 'path': '/path/to/image.jpg'}
    },
    {
        'id': 2,
        'username': 'Bob',
        'image': {'id': 2, 'path': '/path/to/image.jpg'}
    },
]

Utils

Moreover, to this library we embed several utils for working rpc request and response body. In next examples we introduce it to you.

RPCStatus

from bgtasks.utils.const import RPCStatus

success_response = {'status': 'success'}
print(RPCStatus.is_success(success_response))

fail_response = {'status': 'fail'}
print(RPCStatus.is_success(success_response))
Output
True
False

RPCResponse

from bgtasks.utils.rpc_response import RPCResponse

response_body = [{'id': 1, 'name': 'Tom'}, {'id': 2, 'name': 'Bob'}]
response = RPCResponse(data=response_body)
print(response)

err_response_body = {'username': ['This field is required'], 'email': ['Value is not email']}
response = RPCResponse(errors=err_response_body)
print(response)
Output
{'status': 'success', 'data': [{'id': 1, 'name': 'Tom'}, {'id': 2, 'name': 'Bob'}]}
{'status': 'fail', 'data': {'username': ['This field is required'], 'email': ['Value is not mail']}}

Merge methods

To handle many=True in serializer we introduce RPCSerializerMixin which uses merge functions. You can import them as below, and to understand can look to function profile.

from bgtasks.utils.merge import merge, merge_dict, merge_obj

Testing

Add ENVIRONMENT = 'test' on settings.py in order to imitate response from another service

import json
from django.test import TestCase
from django.test import Client
from bgtasks import rpc_tasks
from bgtasks.amqp import register_tasks



@rpc_tasks('user.add')
def add_user(data):
    return 1

class RPCTestCase(TestCase):
    def setUp(self):
        register_tasks() # If you want to run your tasks to test them out, not only rpc tasks which are registered inside of your test file

    def test_add_user(self):
        data = {'username': 'john', 'password': 'smith'}
        c = Client()
        response = c.post('/user/add/', data)
        data = json.loads(response.content)
        self.assertEqual(response.status_code, 201)
        self.assertEqual(data['user_id'], 1)

Contributing

Pull requests are welcome. For major changes, please open an issue first to discuss what you would like to change.

Please make sure to update tests as appropriate.

How to deploy

Create config file in home directory

[distutils] 
index-servers=pypi
[pypi] 
repository = https://upload.pypi.org/legacy/ 
username = myrubapa

After run command for build and deploy

python3 setup.py sdist bdist_wheel
python3 -m twine upload dist/*

License

MIT

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