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BiGAnts - a package for network-constrained biclustering of omics data

Project description

BiGAnts: network-constrained biclustering of patients and multi-omics data

PyPI package for conjoint clustering of networks and omics data

An application example is given in the file in the project's GitHub.

To install the package please run: pip install bigants

Data input

The algorithm needs as an input one CSV matrix with gene expression/methylation/any other numerical data and one TSV file with a network.

Numerical data

Numerical data is accepted in the following format:

  • genes as rows.
  • patients as columns.
  • first column - genes IDs (can be any IDs).

For instance:

Unnamed: 0 GSM748056 GSM748059 ... GSM748278 GSM748279 GSM1465989
0 1454 0.053769 0.117412 ... -0.392363 -1.870838 -1.432554
1 201931 -0.618279 0.278637 ... 0.803541 -0.514947 2.361925
2 8761 0.215820 -0.343865 ... 0.700430 0.073281 -0.977656
3 2703 -0.504701 1.295049 ... 1.861972 0.601808 0.191013
4 26207 -0.626415 -0.646977 ... 2.331724 2.339122 -0.100924

There are 2 examples of gene expression datasets that can be placed in the "data" folder

  • GSE30219 - a Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer dataset from GEO for patients with either adenocarcinoma or squamous cell carcinoma.
  • TCGA pan-cancer dataset with patients that have luminal or basal breast cancer. Both can be found here


An interaction network should be present as a TSV table with two columns that represent two interacting genes. Without a header!

For instance:

6416 2318
0 6416 5371
1 6416 351
2 6416 409
3 6416 5932
4 6416 1956

In the data folder (on the GitHub page of the project) there is an example of a PPI network from Bioigrid with experimentally validated interactions.


  1. bigants.data_preprocessing(path_expr, path_net, log2 = False, size = 2000)


  • path_to_expr: string, path to the numerical data
  • path_to_net: string, path to the network file
  • log2: bool, (default = False), indicates if log2 transformation should be applied to the data
  • size: int, optional (default = 2000) determines the number of genes that should be pre-selected by variance for the analysis. Shouldn't be higher than 5000.


  • GE: pandas data frame, processed expression data
  • G: networkX graph, processed network data
  • labels: dict, for mapping between real genes/patients IDs and the internal ones
  • rev_labels: dict, additional dictionary for mapping between real genes/patients IDs and the internal ones
  1. bigants.BiGAnts(GE,G,L_g_min,L_g_max) creates a model for the given data:


  • GE: pandas dataframe, processed expression data
  • G: networkX graph, processed network data
  • L_g_min: int, minimal solution subnetwork size
  • L_g_max: int, maximal solution subnetwork size

Methods:, n_proc = 1, K = 20, evaporation = 0.5, show_plot = False)

  • K: int, default = 20, number of ants. Fewer ants - less space exploration. Usually set between 20 and 50
  • n_proc: int, default = 1, number of processes that should be used
  • evaporation, float, default = 0.5, the rate at which pheromone evaporates
  • show_plot: bool, default = False, set true if convergence plots should be during the analysis

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