Simple construction, analysis and modification of binary data.

## Project description

bitstring is a pure Python module designed to help make the creation and analysis of binary data as simple and natural as possible.

bitstring version 4.0 only supports Python 3.7 and later. Use bitstring version 3.1 if you're using Python 2.7 or 3.6 or earlier.

## Overview

• Create bitstrings from hex, octal, binary, files, formatted strings, bytes, integers and floats of different endiannesses.
• Powerful binary packing and unpacking functions.
• Bit level slicing, joining, searching, replacing and more.
• Read from and interpret bitstrings as streams of binary data.
• Rich API - chances are that whatever you want to do there's a simple and elegant way of doing it.
• Open source software, released under the MIT licence.

## Documentation

The manual for the bitstring module is available at Read the Docs. It contains a walk-through of all the features and a complete reference section.

## Simple Examples

### Creation

 >>> a = BitArray(bin='00101')
>>> b = Bits(a_file_object)
>>> c = BitArray('0xff, 0b101, 0o65, uint:6=22')
>>> d = pack('intle:16, hex=a, 0b1', 100, a='0x34f')
>>> e = pack('<16h', *range(16))


### Different interpretations, slicing and concatenation

 >>> a = BitArray('0x1af')
>>> a.hex, a.bin, a.uint
('1af', '000110101111', 431)
>>> a[10:3:-1].bin
'1110101'
>>> '0b100' + 3*a
BitArray('0x835e35e35, 0b111')


 >>> b = BitStream('0x160120f')
'160'
>>> b.pos = 0
352
[288, '111']


### Searching, inserting and deleting

 >>> c = BitArray('0b00010010010010001111')   # c.hex == '0x1248f'
>>> c.find('0x48')
(8,)
>>> c.replace('0b001', '0xabc')
>>> c.insert('0b0000', pos=3)
>>> del c[12:16]


## Unit Tests

The 600+ unit tests should all pass. They can be run from the root of the project with

 python -m unittest


## Credits

Created by Scott Griffiths in 2006 to help with ad hoc parsing and creation of compressed video files. Maintained and expanded ever since as it became unexpectedly popular. Thanks to all those who have contributed ideas and code (and bug reports) over the years.

## Project details

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