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Project Description

This module implements the Blowfish cipher using only Python (3.4+).

Blowfish is a block cipher that can be used for symmetric-key encryption. It has a 8-byte block size and supports a variable-length key, from 4 to 56 bytes. It’s fast, free and has been analyzed considerably. It was designed by Bruce Schneier and more details about it can be found at <https://www.schneier.com/blowfish.html>.

Dependencies

  • Python 3.4+

Features

  • Fast (well, as fast you can possibly go using only Python 3.4+)
  • Efficient; generators/iterators are used liberally to reduce memory usage
  • Electronic Codebook (ECB) mode
  • Electronic Codebook with Ciphertext Stealing (ECB-CTS) mode
  • Cipher-Block Chaining (CBC) mode
  • Cipher-Block Chaining with Ciphertext Stealing (CBC-CTS) mode
  • Propagating Cipher-Block Chaining (PCBC) mode
  • Cipher Feedback (CFB) mode
  • Output Feedback (OFB) mode
  • Counter (CTR) mode

Installation

If you just need a Blowfish cipher in your Python project, feel free to manually copy blowfish.py to your package directory (license permitting).

distutils

To install the module to your Python distribution, use the included distutils script:

$ python setup.py install

pip

Stable versions can be installed from pypi using pip:

$ pip install blowfish

pip can also install the latest development version directly from git:

$ pip install 'git+https://github.com/jashandeep-sohi/python-blowfish.git'

Development

Want to add a mode of operation? Speed up encryption?

Make your changes to a clone of the repository at https://github.com/jashandeep-sohi/python-blowfish and send me a pull request.

Tests

Tests are written using the Python unittest framework. All tests are in the test.py file and can be run using:

$ python -m unittest test.py

Bugs

Are you having problems? Please let me know at https://github.com/jashandeep-sohi/python-blowfish/issues

Usage

Warning

Cryptography is complex, so please don’t use this module in anything critical without understanding what you are doing and checking the source code to make sure it is doing what you want it to.

Note

This is just a quick overview on how to use the module. For detailed documentation please see the docstrings in the module.

First create a Cipher object with a key.

import blowfish

cipher = blowfish.Cipher(b"Key must be between 4 and 56 bytes long.")

By default this initializes a Blowfish cipher that will interpret bytes using the big-endian byte order. Should the need arrise to use the little-endian byte order, provide "little" as the second argument.

cipher_little = blowfish.Cipher(b"my key", byte_order = "little")

Block

To encrypt or decrypt a block of data (8 bytes), use the encrypt_block or decrypt_block methods of the Cipher object.

from os import urandom

block = urandom(8)

ciphertext = cipher.encrypt_block(block)
plaintext = cipher.decrypt_block(ciphertext)

assert block == plaintext

As these methods can only operate on 8 bytes of data, they’re of little practical use. Instead, use one of the implemented modes of operation.

Electronic Codebook Mode (ECB)

To encrypt or decrypt data in ECB mode, use encrypt_ecb or decrypt_ecb methods of the Cipher object. ECB mode can only operate on data that is a multiple of the block-size in length.

data = urandom(10 * 8) # data to encrypt

data_encrypted = b"".join(cipher.encrypt_ecb(data))
data_decrypted = b"".join(cipher.decrypt_ecb(data_encrypted)

assert data == data_decrypted

Electronic Codebook Mode with Cipher Text Stealing (ECB-CTS)

To encrypt or decrypt data in ECB-CTS mode, use encrypt_ecb_cts or decrypt_ebc_cts methods of the Cipher object. ECB-CTS mode can operate on data of any length greater than 8 bytes.

data = urandom(10 * 8 + 5) # data to encrypt

data_encrypted = b"".join(cipher.encrypt_ecb_cts(data))
data_decrypted = b"".join(cipher.decrypt_ecb_cts(data_encrypted))

assert data == data_decrypted

Cipher-Block Chaining Mode (CBC)

To encrypt or decrypt data in CBC mode, use encrypt_cbc or decrypt_cbc methods of the Cipher object. CBC mode can only operate on data that is a multiple of the block-size in length.

data = urandom(10 * 8) # data to encrypt
iv = urandom(8) # initialization vector

data_encrypted = b"".join(cipher.encrypt_cbc(data, iv))
data_decrypted = b"".join(cipher.decrypt_cbc(data_encrypted, iv))

assert data == data_decrypted

Cipher-Block Chaining with Ciphertext Stealing (CBC-CTS)

To encrypt or decrypt data in CBC-CTS mode, use encrypt_cbc_cts or decrypt_cbc_cts methods of the Cipher object. CBC-CTS mode can operate on data of any length greater than 8 bytes.

data = urandom(10 * 8 + 6) # data to encrypt
iv = urandom(8) # initialization vector

data_encrypted = b"".join(cipher.encrypt_cbc_cts(data, iv))
data_decrypted = b"".join(cipher.decrypt_cbc_cts(data_encrypted, iv))

assert data == data_decrypted

Propagating Cipher-Block Chaining Mode (PCBC)

To encrypt or decrypt data in PCBC mode, use encrypt_pcbc or decrypt_pcbc methods of the Cipher object. PCBC mode can only operate on data that is a multiple of the block-size in length.

data = urandom(10 * 8) # data to encrypt
iv = urandom(8) # initialization vector

data_encrypted = b"".join(cipher.encrypt_pcbc(data, iv))
data_decrypted = b"".join(cipher.decrypt_pcbc(data_encrypted, iv))

assert data == data_decrypted

Cipher Feedback Mode (CFB)

To encrypt or decrypt data in CFB mode, use encrypt_cfb or decrypt_cfb methods of the Cipher object. CFB mode can operate on data of any length.

data = urandom(10 * 8 + 7) # data to encrypt
iv = urandom(8) # initialization vector

data_encrypted = b"".join(cipher.encrypt_cfb(data, iv))
data_decrypted = b"".join(cipher.decrypt_cfb(data_encrypted, iv))

assert data == data_decrypted

Output Feedback Mode (OFB)

To encrypt or decrypt data in OFB mode, use encrypt_ofb or decrypt_ofb methods of the Cipher object. OFB mode can operate on data of any length.

data = urandom(10 * 8 + 1) # data to encrypt
iv = urandom(8) # initialization vector

data_encrypted = b"".join(cipher.encrypt_ofb(data, iv))
data_decrypted = b"".join(cipher.decrypt_ofb(data_encrypted, iv))

assert data == data_decrypted

Counter Mode (CTR)

To encrypt or decrypt data in CTR mode, use encrypt_ctr or decrypt_ctr methods of the Cipher object. CTR mode can operate on data of any length. Although you can use any counter you want, a simple increment by one counter is secure and the most popular. So for convenience sake a simple increment by one counter is implemented by the blowfish.ctr_counter function. However, you should implement your own for optimization purposes.

from operator import xor

data = urandom(10 * 8 + 2) # data to encrypt

# increment by one counters
nonce = int.from_bytes(urandom(8), "big")
enc_counter = blowfish.ctr_counter(nonce, f = xor)
dec_counter = blowfish.ctr_counter(nonce, f = xor)

data_encrypted = b"".join(cipher.encrypt_ctr(data, enc_counter))
data_decrypted = b"".join(cipher.decrypt_ctr(data_encrypted, dec_counter))

assert data == data_decrypted
Release History

Release History

0.6.1

This version

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0.6.0

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0.4.0

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Download Files

Download Files

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File Name & Checksum SHA256 Checksum Help Version File Type Upload Date
blowfish-0.6.1.tar.bz2 (27.8 kB) Copy SHA256 Checksum SHA256 Source Feb 28, 2015
blowfish-0.6.1.tar.gz (32.3 kB) Copy SHA256 Checksum SHA256 Source Feb 28, 2015

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