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python cli scripts for humans

Project description

Captain

Easy python cli scripts for people that just want get things done.

Important - If you have older scripts you might need the captain~=3.0.0 branch. The mainline branch has an entirely different interface.

Usage

A valid captain cli script needs just two things:

  1. A Default class that extends captain.Command and has a handle() method:

    from captain import Command
    
    class Default(Command):
        def handle(self, foo, bar):
            return 0
    
  2. Calling captain.handle() at the end of your script:

    from captain import Command, handle
    
    class Default(Command):
        def handle(self, foo, bar):
            return 0
    
    if __name__ == "__main__":
        handle()
    

That's it! Whatever arguments you define in your class's Default.handle() method will be options on the command line. A captain script is called just like any other python command line script, so to run the above example you could do:

$ python path/to/script.py --foo=1 --bar=2

Argument Decorator

The captain.arg() decorator provides a nice passthrough api to the full argparse.ArgumentParser.add_argument() method if you want to fine tune how arguments are passed into your script:

from captain import Command, handle, arg

class Default(Command):
    @arg('--foo', '-f', action="store_true")
    @arg('arg', metavar='ARG')
    def handle(self, *args, **kwargs):
        '''this is the help description'''
        self.output.out(args)
        self.output.out(kwargs)

if __name__ == "__main__":
    handle()

Would print a help string like this:

usage: script.py [-h] [--foo FOO] ARG

this is the help description

positional arguments:
  ARG

optional arguments:
  -h, --help         show this help message and exit
  --foo FOO, -f FOO

Command Output

The captain.io.Output class makes it easy to print stuff in your script while still giving you full control by being able to configure the logger if you need to. It also will obey the global --quiet flag that Captain adds to every script.

It's available in the handle() method by using self.output:

from captain import Command

class Default(Command):
    def handle(self, *args, **kwargs):
        var1 = "print"

        var2 = "stdout"
        self.output.out("this will {} to {}", var1, var2)

        var2 = "stderr"
        self.output.err("this will {} to {}", var1, var2)

        e = ValueError("this will print with stacktrace and everything")
        self.output.exception(e)

The captain.io.Output class has a lot of nice little helper methods but Captain can also work with modules like clint if you need to do more advanced cli output.

Examples

A typical standard python cli script

import argparse

if __name__ == '__main__':
    parser = argparse.ArgumentParser(description='fancy script description')
    parser.add_argument("--foo", action='store_true')
    parser.add_argument("--bar", default=0, type=int)
    parser.add_argument("args", nargs='*')
    args = parser.parse_args()
    sys.exit(0)

would become:

import captain

class Default(captain.Command):
    def handle(foo=False, bar=0, *args):
        '''fancy script description'''
        return 0

if __name__ == '__main__':
    captain.handle()

Subcommands

Captain supports multiple subcommands defined in the script by naming your captain.Command child classes something other than Default:

# cli.py

import captain

class Foo(captain.Command):
    def handle(self):
        pass

class Bar(captain.Command):
    def handle(self):
        pass

if __name__ == '__main__':
    captain.handle()

So foo could be called using:

$ python cli.py foo

And bar could be called using:

$ python cli.py bar

Embedding captain in another package

If you want a script from you package to be usable using both python -m example and maybe a console_scripts entry point defined in setup.py, you can set up your package's __main__.py module like this:

# example/__main__.py

from captain import Command, handle

class Default(captain.Command):
    def handle(self):
        pass
        
if __name__ == "__main__":
    handle()

And then in your setup.py script you can add:

entry_points = {
    'console_scripts': [
        'example = example.__main__:handle'
    ],
}

That's all there is to it.

Install

Use pip:

$ pip install captain

For latest and greatest:

$ pip install -U "git+https://github.com/Jaymon/captain#egg=captain"

Project details


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