A module for the Cayenne Low Power Packet format
A Python module for the Cayenne Low Power Packet format
It aims to facilate the conversion of values typically read from sensors to a sequence of bits (the payload) that can be send over a network using the Cayenne Low Power Packet format. This format is particularly suited for LPWAN networks such as LoRaWAN.
The payload can then be send for instance to an application of The Things Network, a LoRaWAN-based community network, which will then forward the data to a Cayenne application thanks to its Cayenne integration.
The module consists of constants defining the different sensors and their size and one class CayenneLPP containing the methods to build a payload.
The constants have the format NAME_SENSOR = (LPP id, Data size) where LPP id is the IPSO id - 3200 and Data size is the number of bytes that must be used to encode the reading from the sensor.
The class contains the methods to pack data from sensors in a Cayenne LPP format. The payload structure for the Cayenne LPP format is data frame of the form: [SENSOR_1, SENSOR_2, … SENSOR_N], where the format for one sensor is defined by: [CHANNEL, SENSOR TYPE, DATA].
The channel is an unique identifier for each sensor in the data frame.
The type of sensors compatible with this class are: - digital input/output; - analog input/output; - luminosity (or illuminance) sensor; - presence sensor; - temperature sensor; - humidity sensor; - accelerometer; - barometer; - gyrometer; - gps.
An object of this class has 3 attributes: - payload: the data from one or more senors formatted with the Cayenne LPP format; - size: the maximum size of the payload (depends on the network on which the data will be send to); - socket: a socket via which we can send the payload.
The constructor will generate an object with an empty payload and with a maximum size.
It is possible to reset the payload with the ‘reset’ method and change the maximum size with the ‘change_size’ method.
The current payload and maximum size can be obtained with the methods ‘get_payload’ and ‘get_size’ methods.
You can send the payload via the socket using the ‘send’ method. The socket can be set using the ‘set_socket’ method.
To add the data from a sensor, the methods ‘add_sensor_name’ are provided.
The documentation is provided in the directory doc of the GitHub repository.
# importing the module import cayenneLPP # create a LoRa socket s = socket.socket(socket.AF_LORA, socket.SOCK_RAW) s.setsockopt(socket.SOL_LORA, socket.SO_DR, 0) s.setblocking(True) # creating Cayenne LPP packet lpp = cayenneLPP.CayenneLPP(size = 100, sock = s) # adding 2 digital outputs, the first one uses the default channel lpp.add_digital_input(True) lpp.add_digital_input(False, channel = 112) # sending the packet via the socket lpp.send()
Scripts to test the module with a LoPy (https://www.pycom.io/) and The Things Network is provided in the test_lopy directory. Note that you need to update the values of app_eui and app_key with the correct credentials.
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