Skip to main content

A construct for deploying a Lambda function that can be invoked every time unit less than one minute.

Project description


License Release npm downloads pypi downloads NuGet downloads repo languages

npm (JS/TS) PyPI (Python) Maven (Java) Go NuGet
Link Link Link Link Link

This construct creates a state machine that can invoke a Lambda function per time unit which can be less than one minute, such as invoking every 10 seconds. You only need to craft a Lambda function and then assign it as an argument into the construct. An example is included.

Serverless Architecture


This construct library is reffered to thie AWS Architecture blog post, A serverless solution for invoking AWS Lambda at a sub-minute frequency, written by Emanuele Menga. I made it as a constrcut library where you only need to care about a target Lambda function, how frequent and how long you want to execute.



You could also refer to here.

$ cdk --init language typescript
$ yarn add cdk-lambda-subminute
class TypescriptStack extends cdk.Stack {
  constructor(scope: cdk.Construct, id: string, props?: cdk.StackProps) {
    super(scope, id, props);

    const targetLabmda = new Function(this, 'targetFunction', {
      code: Code.fromInline('exports.handler = function(event, ctx, cb) { return cb(null, "hi"); })'), // It's just a simple function for demonstration purpose only.
      functionName: 'testTargetFunction',
      runtime: Runtime.NODEJS_12_X,
      handler: 'index.handler',
    const cronJobExample = 'cron(50/1 15-17 ? * SUN-SAT *)';
    const subminuteMaster = new LambdaSubminute(this, 'LambdaSubminute', { targetFunction: targetLabmda, cronjobExpression: cronJobExample });

    new cdk.CfnOutput(this, 'OStateMachineArn', { value: subminuteMaster.stateMachineArn });
    new cdk.CfnOutput(this, 'OIteratorFunctionArn', { value: subminuteMaster.iteratorFunction.functionArn });

const app = new cdk.App();
new TypescriptStack(app, 'TypescriptStack', {


You could also refer to here.

# upgrading related Python packages
$ python -m ensurepip --upgrade
$ python -m pip install --upgrade pip
$ python -m pip install --upgrade virtualenv
# initialize a CDK Python project
$ cdk init --language python
# make packages installed locally instead of globally
$ source .venv/bin/activate
$ cat <<EOL > requirements.txt
$ python -m pip install -r requirements.txt
from aws_cdk import core as cdk
from aws_cdk.aws_lambda import Code, Function, Runtime
from cdk_lambda_subminute import LambdaSubminute

class PythonStack(cdk.Stack):
    def __init__(self, scope: cdk.Construct, construct_id: str, **kwargs) -> None:
        super().__init__(scope, construct_id, **kwargs)

        target_lambda = Function(
            self, "targetFunction",
                "exports.handler = function(event, ctx, cb) { return cb(null, \"hi\"); })"),
        cron_job_example = "cron(10/1 4-5 ? * SUN-SAT *)"
        subminute_master = LambdaSubminute(
            self, "LambdaSubminute",

        cdk.CfnOutput(self, "OStateMachineArn",
        cdk.CfnOutput(self, "OIteratorFunctionArn",
$ deactivate


You could also refer to here.

$ cdk init --language java
$ mvn package
     <!-- AWS Cloud Development Kit -->
package com.myorg;

import io.github.hsiehshujeng.cdk.lambda.subminute.LambdaSubminute;
import io.github.hsiehshujeng.cdk.lambda.subminute.LambdaSubminuteProps;

public class JavaStack extends Stack {
    public JavaStack(final Construct scope, final String id) {
        this(scope, id, null);

    public JavaStack(final Construct scope, final String id, final StackProps props) {
        super(scope, id, props);

        Function targetLambda = new Function(this, "targetFunction",
              .code(Code.fromInline("exports.handler = function(event, ctx, cb) { return cb(null, \"hi\"); })"))
        String cronJobExample = "cron(50/1 4-5 ? * SUN-SAT *)";
        LambdaSubminute subminuteMaster = new LambdaSubminute(this, "LambdaSubminute", LambdaSubminuteProps.builder()

        new CfnOutput(this, "OStateMachineArn",
        new CfnOutput(this, "OIteratorFunctionArn",


You could also refer to here.

$ cdk init --language csharp
$ dotnet add src/Csharp package Amazon.CDK.AWS.Lambda
$ dotnet add src/Csharp package Lambda.Subminute --version 0.1.6
using Amazon.CDK;
using Amazon.CDK.AWS.Lambda;
using ScottHsieh.Cdk;

namespace Csharp
    public class CsharpStack : Stack
        internal CsharpStack(Construct scope, string id, IStackProps props = null) : base(scope, id, props)
            var targetLambda = new Function(this, "targetFunction", new FunctionProps
                Code = Code.FromInline("exports.handler = function(event, ctx, cb) { return cb(null, \"hi\"); })"),
                FunctionName = "testTargetFunction",
                Runtime = Runtime.NODEJS_12_X,
                Handler = "index.handler"
            string cronJobExample = "cron(50/1 6-7 ? * SUN-SAT *)";
            var subminuteMaster = new LambdaSubminute(this, "LambdaSubminute", new LambdaSubminuteProps
                TargetFunction = targetLambda,
                CronjobExpression = cronJobExample,
                Frequency = 10,
                IntervalTime = 6,

            new CfnOutput(this, "OStateMachineArn", new CfnOutputProps
                Value = subminuteMaster.StateMachineArn
            new CfnOutput(this, "OIteratorFunctionArn", new CfnOutputProps
                Value = subminuteMaster.IteratorFunction.FunctionArn

Statemachine Diagram


Known issue

Originally, I utilized PythonFuncion in the module of @aws-cdk/aws-lambda-python to build the iterator Lambda function. Every thing works fine, including test, on my local machine (MacBook Pro M1), until it comes to the CI in Github Actions, it awlays gave me the following message:

## cdk version: 1.105.0 (build 4813992)
Bundling did not produce any output. Check that content is written to /asset-output.

      64 |     }));
      65 |
    > 66 |     this.function = new PythonFunction(this, 'Iterator', {
         |                     ^
      67 |       functionName: 'lambda-subminute-iterator',
      68 |       description: 'A function for breaking the limit of 1 minute with the CloudWatch Rules.',
      69 |       logRetention: RetentionDays.THREE_MONTHS,

      at AssetStaging.bundle (node_modules/@aws-cdk/core/lib/asset-staging.ts:484:13)
      at AssetStaging.stageByBundling (node_modules/@aws-cdk/core/lib/asset-staging.ts:328:10)
      at stageThisAsset (node_modules/@aws-cdk/core/lib/asset-staging.ts:194:35)
      at Cache.obtain (node_modules/@aws-cdk/core/lib/private/cache.ts:24:13)
      at new AssetStaging (node_modules/@aws-cdk/core/lib/asset-staging.ts:219:44)
      at new Asset (node_modules/@aws-cdk/aws-s3-assets/lib/asset.ts:127:21)
      at AssetCode.bind (node_modules/@aws-cdk/aws-lambda/lib/code.ts:277:20)
      at new Function (node_modules/@aws-cdk/aws-lambda/lib/function.ts:583:29)
      at new PythonFunction (node_modules/@aws-cdk/aws-lambda-python/lib/function.ts:106:5)
      at new IteratorLambda (src/cdk-lambda-subminute.ts:66:21)
      at new LambdaSubminute (src/cdk-lambda-subminute.ts:25:22)
      at Object.<anonymous>.test (test/integ.test.ts:23:3)

I actually have tried many different methods according to the following threads but to no avail. I'll attempt to test some thoughts or just post the issue onto the CDK Github repo.

Project details

Release history Release notifications | RSS feed

Download files

Download the file for your platform. If you're not sure which to choose, learn more about installing packages.

Source Distribution

cdk_lambda_subminute-2.0.64.tar.gz (151.2 kB view hashes)

Uploaded source

Built Distribution

cdk_lambda_subminute-2.0.64-py3-none-any.whl (148.8 kB view hashes)

Uploaded py3

Supported by

AWS AWS Cloud computing Datadog Datadog Monitoring Facebook / Instagram Facebook / Instagram PSF Sponsor Fastly Fastly CDN Google Google Object Storage and Download Analytics Huawei Huawei PSF Sponsor Microsoft Microsoft PSF Sponsor NVIDIA NVIDIA PSF Sponsor Pingdom Pingdom Monitoring Salesforce Salesforce PSF Sponsor Sentry Sentry Error logging StatusPage StatusPage Status page