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Get outputs and parameters from remote CDK stacks

Project description

awscdk-jsii-template npm version PyPI version Build

cdk-remote-stack

Get outputs from cross-region AWS CloudFormation stacks

Why

Setting up cross-regional cross-stack references requires using multiple constructs from the AWS CDK construct library and is not straightforward.

cdk-remote-stack aims to simplify the cross-regional cross-stack references to help you easily build cross-regional multi-stack AWS CDK applications.

This construct library provides two main constructs:

  • RemoteOutputs - cross regional stack outputs reference.
  • RemoteParameters - cross regional/account SSM parameters reference.

RemoteOutputs

RemoteOutputs is ideal for one stack referencing the outputs from another across different AWS regions.

Let's say we have two cross-regional stacks in the same AWS CDK application:

  1. stackJP - stack in Japan (JP) to create a SNS topic
  2. stackUS - stack in United States (US) to get the outputs from stackJP and print out the SNS TopicName from stackJP outputs.
# Example automatically generated from non-compiling source. May contain errors.
from cdk_remote_stack import RemoteOutputs
import aws_cdk.core as cdk

app = cdk.App()

env_jP = {
    "region": "ap-northeast-1",
    "account": process.env.CDK_DEFAULT_ACCOUNT
}

env_uS = {
    "region": "us-west-2",
    "account": process.env.CDK_DEFAULT_ACCOUNT
}

# first stack in JP
stack_jP = cdk.Stack(app, "demo-stack-jp", env=env_jP)

cdk.CfnOutput(stack_jP, "TopicName", value="foo")

# second stack in US
stack_uS = cdk.Stack(app, "demo-stack-us", env=env_uS)

# ensure the dependency
stack_uS.add_dependency(stack_jP)

# get the stackJP stack outputs from stackUS
outputs = RemoteOutputs(stack_uS, "Outputs", stack=stack_jP)

remote_output_value = outputs.get("TopicName")

# the value should be exactly the same with the output value of `TopicName`
cdk.CfnOutput(stack_uS, "RemoteTopicName", value=remote_output_value)

At this moment, RemoteOutputs only supports cross-regional reference in a single AWS account.

Always get the latest stack output

By default, the RemoteOutputs construct will always try to get the latest output from the source stack. You may opt out by setting alwaysUpdate to false to turn this feature off.

For example:

# Example automatically generated from non-compiling source. May contain errors.
outputs = RemoteOutputs(stack_uS, "Outputs",
    stack=stack_jP,
    always_update=False
)

RemoteParameters

AWS Systems Manager (AWS SSM) Parameter Store is great to store and persist parameters and allow stacks from other regons/accounts to reference. Let's dive into the two major scenarios below:

#1 - Stacks from single account and different regions

In this sample, we create two stacks from JP (ap-northeast-1) and US (us-west-2). The JP stack will produce and update parameters in its parameter store, while the US stack will consume the parameters across differnt regions with the RemoteParameters construct.

# Example automatically generated from non-compiling source. May contain errors.
env_jP = {"region": "ap-northeast-1", "account": "111111111111"}
env_uS = {"region": "us-west-2", "account": "111111111111"}

# first stack in JP
producer_stack_name = "demo-stack-jp"
stack_jP = cdk.Stack(app, producer_stack_name, env=env_jP)
parameter_path = f"/{envJP.account}/{envJP.region}/{producerStackName}"

ssm.StringParameter(stack_jP, "foo1",
    parameter_name=f"{parameterPath}/foo1",
    string_value="bar1"
)
ssm.StringParameter(stack_jP, "foo2",
    parameter_name=f"{parameterPath}/foo2",
    string_value="bar2"
)
ssm.StringParameter(stack_jP, "foo3",
    parameter_name=f"{parameterPath}/foo3",
    string_value="bar3"
)

# second stack in US
stack_uS = cdk.Stack(app, "demo-stack-us", env=env_uS)

# ensure the dependency
stack_uS.add_dependency(stack_jP)

# get remote parameters by path from AWS SSM parameter store
parameters = RemoteParameters(stack_uS, "Parameters",
    path=parameter_path,
    region=stack_jP.region
)

foo1 = parameters.get(f"{parameterPath}/foo1")
foo2 = parameters.get(f"{parameterPath}/foo2")
foo3 = parameters.get(f"{parameterPath}/foo3")

cdk.CfnOutput(stack_uS, "foo1Output", value=foo1)
cdk.CfnOutput(stack_uS, "foo2Output", value=foo2)
cdk.CfnOutput(stack_uS, "foo3Output", value=foo3)

#2 - Stacks from differnt accounts and different regions

Similar to the use case above, but now we deploy stacks in separate accounts and regions. We will need to pass an AWS Identity and Access Management (AWS IAM) role to the RemoteParameters construct to get all the parameters from the remote environment.

# Example automatically generated from non-compiling source. May contain errors.
env_jP = {"region": "ap-northeast-1", "account": "111111111111"}
env_uS = {"region": "us-west-2", "account": "222222222222"}

# first stack in JP
producer_stack_name = "demo-stack-jp"
stack_jP = cdk.Stack(app, producer_stack_name, env=env_jP)
parameter_path = f"/{envJP.account}/{envJP.region}/{producerStackName}"

ssm.StringParameter(stack_jP, "foo1",
    parameter_name=f"{parameterPath}/foo1",
    string_value="bar1"
)
ssm.StringParameter(stack_jP, "foo2",
    parameter_name=f"{parameterPath}/foo2",
    string_value="bar2"
)
ssm.StringParameter(stack_jP, "foo3",
    parameter_name=f"{parameterPath}/foo3",
    string_value="bar3"
)

# allow US account to assume this read only role to get parameters
cdk_read_only_role = iam.Role(stack_jP, "readOnlyRole",
    assumed_by=iam.AccountPrincipal(env_uS.account),
    role_name=PhysicalName.GENERATE_IF_NEEDED,
    managed_policies=[iam.ManagedPolicy.from_aws_managed_policy_name("AmazonSSMReadOnlyAccess")]
)

# second stack in US
stack_uS = cdk.Stack(app, "demo-stack-us", env=env_uS)

# ensure the dependency
stack_uS.add_dependency(stack_jP)

# get remote parameters by path from AWS SSM parameter store
parameters = RemoteParameters(stack_uS, "Parameters",
    path=parameter_path,
    region=stack_jP.region,
    # assume this role for cross-account parameters
    role=iam.Role.from_role_arn(stack_uS, "readOnlyRole", cdk_read_only_role.role_arn)
)

foo1 = parameters.get(f"{parameterPath}/foo1")
foo2 = parameters.get(f"{parameterPath}/foo2")
foo3 = parameters.get(f"{parameterPath}/foo3")

cdk.CfnOutput(stack_uS, "foo1Output", value=foo1)
cdk.CfnOutput(stack_uS, "foo2Output", value=foo2)
cdk.CfnOutput(stack_uS, "foo3Output", value=foo3)

#3 - Dedicated account for a centralized parameter store

The parameters are stored in a centralized account/region and previously provisioned as a source-of-truth configuration store. All other stacks from different accounts/regions are consuming the parameters from the central configuration store.

This scenario is pretty much like #2. The difference is that there's a dedicated account for centralized configuration store being shared with all other accounts.

You will need create RemoteParameters for all the consuming stacks like:

# Example automatically generated from non-compiling source. May contain errors.
# for StackUS
RemoteParameters(stack_uS, "Parameters",
    path=parameter_path,
    region="eu-central-1",
    # assume this role for cross-account parameters
    role=iam.Role.from_role_arn(stack_uS, "readOnlyRole", shared_read_only_role_arn)
)

# for StackJP
RemoteParameters(stack_jP, "Parameters",
    path=parameter_path,
    region="eu-central-1",
    # assume this role for cross-account parameters
    role=iam.Role.from_role_arn(stack_jP, "readOnlyRole", shared_read_only_role_arn)
)

Tools for multi-account deployment

You will need to install and bootstrap your target accounts with AWS CDK 1.108.0 or later, so you can deploy stacks from different accounts. It adds support for cross-account lookups. Alternatively, install cdk-assume-role-credential-plugin. Read this blog post to setup this plugin.

Limitations

  1. At this moment, the RemoteParameters construct only supports the String data type from parameter store.
  2. Maximum number of parameters is 100. Will make it configurable in the future if required.

Contributing

See CONTRIBUTING for more information.

License

This code is licensed under the Apache License 2.0. See the LICENSE file.

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