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Centipede is a WSGI microframework with a simple decorator based router.

Project description

Centipede is a WSGI microframework with a simple decorator based router. It’s strength is that it models the technology in use and tries not to confuse developers with complex patterns and tricks. It inherits strongly from urlrelay.


$ pip install centipede

Defining handlers

With Centipede you expose functions to urls. Functions either return a string or a tuple. A string is treated as the document body, http status is set to 200 OK and returned to the browser. Should you return a tuple, status code, body and headers are expected. The expose decorator also supports a few arguments.

from centipede import expose, app

def index(request):
    """ Simple Hello
    return 'Hello IgglePigglePartyPants!'

def index(request):
    """ A redirect
    return (307, '', {'Location':''})

import json

def tweet_post(request):
    """ Tweet
    data  = request['data']
    text  = data['text']
    user  = data['user']
    tweet = magic.tweet(text, user)
    return json.dumps(tweet)

def twitter(request):
    """ Get a tweet
    id    = req['wsgiorg.routing_args'][1]['tweet']
    meta  = request['params']['metadata']
    tweet = magic.get_tweet(id, meta=meta)
    return json.dumps(tweet)

application = app()

Expose arguments

The expose decorator looks like this:

expose(url_pattern, method='GET', content_type='text/html', charset='UTF-8')


The parameter passed to the functions exposed (request in the examples above) is the WSGI environ dictionary. For convenience the query string parameters and form data parameters are packed into environ’s params and data keys.

Query string data

For convenience, query string parameters are available as a dictionary in environ’s params key. Both key and value are unquoted using urllib.unquote. Unquoted parameters are passed to the params_raw key.

Form data

For convenience, form data are available as a dictionary in environ’s data key. Both key and value are unquoted using urllib.unquote_plus. Unquoted parameters are passed to the data_raw key.


I would recommend keeping your html templates static on the client side and use a javascript template library. But if you really need some server side templating, have a look at mako.

Static files

For production you should always host your static files directly from the webserver or a varnish cache or something. But for development purposes you can have centipede serve your static files by passing app a parameter:



For deployment it is a good idea to run your centipede application behind a good WSGI server. There is a bunch. Gunicorn is good. I usually end up running uwsgi behind nginx.



  • Separated query string params and form data
  • Form data in data key
  • Query string params in params key
  • Improved error handling for unpacking params (needs more work)


  • Added urllib.unquote_plus for POST parameters.
  • Added params_raw key to environ in case urllib.unquote mess up your parameters.


  • Added params key to environ for easy parameter access.
  • Added urllib.unquote for params


Project details

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