Certbot (previously, the Let’s Encrypt client) is BETA SOFTWARE. It contains plenty of bugs and rough edges, and should be tested thoroughly in staging environments before use on production systems.
Certbot is a fully-featured, extensible client for the Let’s Encrypt CA (or any other CA that speaks the ACME protocol) that can automate the tasks of obtaining certificates and configuring webservers to use them. This client runs on Unix-based operating systems.
Until May 2016, Certbot was named simply letsencrypt or letsencrypt-auto, depending on install method. Instructions on the Internet, and some pieces of the software, may still refer to this older name.
If you’d like to contribute to this project please read Developer Guide.
If certbot (or letsencrypt) is packaged for your Unix OS, you can install it from there, and run it by typing certbot (or letsencrypt). Because not all operating systems have packages yet, we provide a temporary solution via the certbot-auto wrapper script, which obtains some dependencies from your OS and puts others in a python virtual environment:
user@webserver:~$ wget https://dl.eff.org/certbot-auto user@webserver:~$ chmod a+x ./certbot-auto user@webserver:~$ ./certbot-auto --help
The certbot-auto download is protected by HTTPS, which is pretty good, but if you’d like to double check the integrity of the certbot-auto script, you can use these steps for verification before running it:
user@server:~$ wget -N https://dl.eff.org/certbot-auto.asc user@server:~$ gpg2 --recv-key A2CFB51FA275A7286234E7B24D17C995CD9775F2 user@server:~$ gpg2 --trusted-key 4D17C995CD9775F2 --verify certbot-auto.asc certbot-auto
And for full command line help, you can type:
./certbot-auto --help all
certbot-auto updates to the latest client release automatically. And since certbot-auto is a wrapper to certbot, it accepts exactly the same command line flags and arguments. More details about this script and other installation methods can be found in the User Guide.
How to run the client
In many cases, you can just run certbot-auto or certbot, and the client will guide you through the process of obtaining and installing certs interactively.
You can also tell it exactly what you want it to do from the command line. For instance, if you want to obtain a cert for example.com, www.example.com, and other.example.net, using the Apache plugin to both obtain and install the certs, you could do this:
./certbot-auto --apache -d example.com -d www.example.com -d other.example.net
(The first time you run the command, it will make an account, and ask for an email and agreement to the Let’s Encrypt Subscriber Agreement; you can automate those with --email and --agree-tos)
If you want to use a webserver that doesn’t have full plugin support yet, you can still use “standalone” or “webroot” plugins to obtain a certificate:
./certbot-auto certonly --standalone --email firstname.lastname@example.org -d example.com -d www.example.com -d other.example.net
Understanding the client in more depth
To understand what the client is doing in detail, it’s important to understand the way it uses plugins. Please see the explanation of plugins in the User Guide.
The Let’s Encrypt Client presently only runs on Unix-ish OSes that include Python 2.6 or 2.7; Python 3.x support will hopefully be added in the future. The client requires root access in order to write to /etc/letsencrypt, /var/log/letsencrypt, /var/lib/letsencrypt; to bind to ports 80 and 443 (if you use the standalone plugin) and to read and modify webserver configurations (if you use the apache or nginx plugins). If none of these apply to you, it is theoretically possible to run without root privileges, but for most users who want to avoid running an ACME client as root, either letsencrypt-nosudo or simp_le are more appropriate choices.
The Apache plugin currently requires a Debian-based OS with augeas version 1.0; this includes Ubuntu 12.04+ and Debian 7+.
- Supports multiple web servers:
- apache/2.x (working on Debian 8+ and Ubuntu 12.04+)
- standalone (runs its own simple webserver to prove you control a domain)
- webroot (adds files to webroot directories in order to prove control of domains and obtain certs)
- nginx/0.8.48+ (highly experimental, not included in certbot-auto)
- The private key is generated locally on your system.
- Can talk to the Let’s Encrypt CA or optionally to other ACME compliant services.
- Can get domain-validated (DV) certificates.
- Can revoke certificates.
- Adjustable RSA key bit-length (2048 (default), 4096, …).
- Can optionally install a http -> https redirect, so your site effectively runs https only (Apache only)
- Fully automated.
- Configuration changes are logged and can be reverted.
- Supports ncurses and text (-t) UI, or can be driven entirely from the command line.
- Free and Open Source Software, made with Python.
Download the file for your platform. If you're not sure which to choose, learn more about installing packages.
|Filename, Size & Hash SHA256 Hash Help||File Type||Python Version||Upload Date|
(209.7 kB) Copy SHA256 Hash SHA256
|Wheel||py2||May 12, 2016|
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|Source||None||May 12, 2016|