Lightweight chaining functional methods for iterables
Chainz is a lightweight library to provide chaining, functional methods to iterables.
To install: pip install chainz
from chainz import Chain Chain(xrange(10))\ .map(lambda x: x + 1)\ .filter(lambda x: x % 2 == 0)\ .omit(lambda x: x % 3 == 0)\ .reduce(lambda x, y: x + y) # 30
The fundamental class in chainz is Chain, which accepts an iterable as an argument to its constructor. It is itself an iterable, just exposing the supplied iterable. It exposes functional methods like map, filter, and flatten, which return the chain so as to be chainable. These methods alter the chain; chain.map(f) is the same as chain = chain.map(f).
Some methods, such as reduce and for_each, are “sinks”, in that they consume the iterable. These methods do not return the chain, to make it clear that once they are called, the chain is done.
All non-sink methods are lazy, so they don’t result in any evaluation. Only by using a sink method, or consuming the iterable in another way (such as list(chain) or [x for x in chain]), do you actually evaluate the iterable.
You can think of Chain as a way to wrap itertools in a more chainable fashion.
By default, a Chain will stop whenever there’s an exception. Often that is not what you want. When you are processing a long list of items (something for which Chain was specifically created for), you just want to note what went wrong, and move on to the next item. The method on_error allows just that. It takes a function f(exception, object) which itself takes two parameter. The first parameter is the raised exception. The second parameter is the object that caused the exception.
def handle_error(exception, obj): print("%s caused exception: %s" % (obj, exception)) def double(x): if x == 1: raise Exception('Bad') return x*2 chain = Chain(xrange(3)).on_error(handle_error).map(double) list(chain) # "1 caused exception: Exception('Bad')" # [0, 2]
Please see the docs/ directory for auto-generated (and thus up-to-date) documentation. This is generated from the doc strings, so introspection can also be helpful (eg, print Chain.reduce.__doc__).
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