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Lightweight Decision Tree Framework

Project description


Chefboost is a lightweight gradient boosting, random forest and adaboost enabled decision tree framework including regular ID3, C4.5, CART and regression tree algorithms with categorical features support. It is lightweight, you just need to write a few lines of code to build decision trees with Chefboost.


Basically, you just need to pass the dataset as pandas data frame and tree configurations after importing Chefboost as illustrated below. You just need to put the target label to the right. Besides, chefboost handles both numeric and nominal features and target values in contrast to its alternatives.

import Chefboost as chef
import pandas as pd

df = pd.read_csv("dataset/golf.txt")

config = {'algorithm': 'ID3'}
model =, config)


Built decision trees are stored as python if statements in the outputs/rules/ file. A sample of decision rules is demonstrated below.

def findDecision(Outlook,Temperature,Humidity,Wind,Decision):
   if Outlook == 'Rain':
      if Wind == 'Weak':
         return 'Yes'
      elif Wind == 'Strong':
         return 'No'
   elif Outlook == 'Sunny':
      if Humidity == 'High':
         return 'No'
      elif Humidity == 'Normal':
         return 'Yes'
   elif Outlook == 'Overcast':
      return 'Yes'

Testing for custom instances

Decision rules will be stored in outputs/rules/ folder when you build decision trees. You can run the built decision tree for new instances as illustrated below.

test_instance = ['Sunny', 'Hot', 'High', 'Weak']
model =, config)
prediction = chef.predict(model, test_instance)

You can consume built decision trees directly as well. In this way, you can restore already built decision trees and skip learning steps, or apply transfer learning. Loaded trees offer you findDecision method to test for new instances.

from commons import functions
moduleName = "outputs/rules/rules" #this will load outputs/rules/
tree = functions.restoreTree(moduleName)
prediction = tree.findDecision(['Sunny', 'Hot', 'High', 'Weak']) will guide you how to build a different decision trees and make predictions.

Model save and restoration

You can save your trained models.

model =, config)
chef.save_model(model, "model.pkl")

In this way, you can use the same model later to just make predictions. This skips the training steps. Restoration requires to store .py and .pkl files under outputs/rules.

model = chef.load_model("model.pkl")
prediction = chef.predict(model, ['Sunny',85,85,'Weak'])

Sample configurations

Chefboost supports several decision tree, bagging and boosting algorithms. You just need to pass the configuration to use different algorithms.

Regular Decision Trees ID3 Video, C4.5 Video, CART Video, Regression Tree Video

config = {'algorithm': 'C4.5'} #ID3, C4.5, CART or Regression

Gradient Boosting Video

config = {'enableGBM': True, 'epochs': 7, 'learning_rate': 1}

Random Forest Video

config = {'enableRandomForest': True, 'num_of_trees': 5}

Adaboost Video

config = {'enableAdaboost': True, 'num_of_weak_classifier': 4}


Pandas and numpy python libraries are used to load data sets in this repository. You might run the following commands to install these packages if you are going to use them first time.

pip install pandas==0.22.0
pip install numpy==1.14.0
pip install tqdm==4.30.0

Initial tests are run on the following environment.

C:\>python --version
Python 3.6.4 :: Anaconda, Inc.


You can run the following command in the command prompt to install Chefboost. If git is not recognized as command in your environment you can download this link.

git clone

Then, you should create your notebook in the same directory with


This YouTube playlist guides you how to use Chefboost step by step for different algorithms. You can also find the detailed documentations about these core algorithms here.

Besides, you can enroll this online course - Decision Trees for Machine Learning From Scratch and follow the curriculum if you wonder the theory of decision trees and how this framework is developed.


There are many ways to support a project - starring the GitHub repos is one.


Chefboost is licensed under the MIT License - see LICENSE for more details.

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