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Python bindings around Google Chromium's embedded compact language detection library

Project description


Python binding over C++ Compact Language Detector.


There is also a Python unit test, ported from the unit test from CLD, verifying that the library identifies languages correctly and also showing how to use it.


Tested on Fedora 13 with Python 2.6.4 and Python 3.2.3, and Debian with Python 2.6.6. It passes all tests in there (python -u


Once you’ve compiled & installed the Python bindings (see INSTALL), detection is easy.

First, you must get your content (plain text or HTML) encoded into UTF8 bytes. Then, detect like this:

topLanguageName, topLanguageCode, isReliable, textBytesFound, details = cld.detect(bytes)

The code and name of the top language is returned. isReliable is True if the top language is much better than 2nd best language. textBytesFound tells you how many actual bytes CLD analyzed (after removing HTML tags, collapsing areas of too-many-spaces, etc.). details has an entry per top 3 languages that matched, that includes the percent confidence of the match as well as a separate normalized score.

The detect method takes optional params:

  • isPlainText (default is False): set to True if you know your bytes don’t have any XML/HTML markup

  • includeExtendedLanguages (default is True): set to False to exclude “extended” languages added by Google

  • hintTopLevelDomain (default is None): set to the last part of the domain name that the content came from (for example if the URL was, pass the string ‘cz’). This gives a hint that can bias the detector somewhat.

  • hintLanguageCode (default is None): set to the possible language. For example, if the web-server declared the language, or the content itself embedded an http-equiv meta tag declaring the language, pass this (for example, “it” for Italian). This gives a hint that can bias the detector somewhat.

  • hintEncoding (default is None): set to the original encoding of the content (note you still must pass UTF-8 encoded bytes). This gives a hint that can bias the detector somewhat. NOTE: this is currently not working.

  • pickSummaryLanguage (default is False): if False, CLD will always return the top matching language as the answer. If True, it will sometimes pick 2nd or 3rd match (for example, if English and X match, where X (not UNK) is big enough, assume the English is boilerplate and return X). In simple testing accuracy seems to suffer a bit (XX to YY %) when this is True so I’ve defaulted to False.

  • removeWeakMatches (default is True): if a match isn’t strong enough, delete it. This ensures some amount of confidence when a language is returned.

The module exports these global constants:

  • cld.ENCODINGS: list of the encoding names CLD recognizes (if you provide hintEncoding, it must be one of these names).

  • cld.LANGUAGES: list of languages and their codes (if you provide hintLanguageCode, it must be one of the codes from these codes).

  • cld.EXTERNAL_LANGUAGES: list of external languages and their codes. Note that external languages cannot be hinted, but may be matched if you pass includeExtendedLanguages=True (the default).

  • cld.DETECTED_LANGUAGES: list of all detectable languages, as best I can determine (this was reverse engineered from a unit test, ie it contains a language X if that language was tested and passes for at least one example text).

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