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A Doctest-stype Command Line Application Tester

Project description

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clatter is a doctest-style testing tool for command-line applications. It wraps other testing suites and allows them to be tested in docstrings.

Features

  • Bring testing best practices to your command line apps
  • Extensible - subclassing CommandValidator is trivial using any cli testing suite
  • Easily test your documentation. This README is a valid doctest!

Usage

>>> from clatter import Runner
>>> from clatter.validators import SubprocessValidator

Test command line utilities and applications by whitelisting them with app-specific testing engines:

>>> test_str = r'''
...
... .. code-block:: bash
...
...     $ echo 'Pining for the fjords'
...     Pining for the fjords
... '''
>>>
>>> tester = Runner()
>>> tester.call_engines['echo'] = SubprocessValidator()
>>> tester.teststring(test_str)

Click applications

Integrate your command line app:

>>> import click
>>> @click.command()
... @click.argument('name')
... def hello(name):
...     click.echo('Hello %s!' % name)

This can now be tested in docstrings:

>>> test_str = '''
...
... .. code-block:: bash
...
...     $ hello Polly
...     Hello Polly!
...
...     $ hello Polly Parrot
...     Usage: hello [OPTIONS] NAME
...     <BLANKLINE>
...     Error: Got unexpected extra argument (Parrot)
...
...     $ hello 'Polly Parrot'
...     Hello Polly Parrot!
...
... '''

Click applications can be tested with a ClickValidator engine:

>>> from clatter.validators import ClickValidator
>>> tester = Runner()
>>> tester.call_engines['hello'] = ClickValidator(hello)

>>> tester.teststring(test_str)

Mixed applications

Your app can be combined with other command-line utilities by adding multiple engines:

>>> test_str = r'''
...
... .. code-block:: bash
...
...     $ hello Polly
...     Hello Polly!
...
...     $ echo 'Pining for the fjords'
...     Pining for the fjords
...
... Pipes/redirects don't work, so we can't redirect this value into a file.
... But we can write a file with python:
...
... .. code-block:: bash
...
...     $ python -c \
...     >     "with open('tmp.txt', 'w+') as f: f.write('Pushing up daisies')"
...
...     $ cat tmp.txt
...     Pushing up daisies
...
... '''

>>> tester.call_engines['echo'] = SubprocessValidator()
>>> tester.call_engines['python'] = SubprocessValidator()
>>> tester.call_engines['cat'] = SubprocessValidator()

>>> tester.teststring(test_str)

Suppressing commands

Commands can be skipped altogether with a SkipValidator:

>>> test_str = '''
... .. code-block:: bash
...
...     $ aws storage buckets list
...
... '''

>>> from clatter.validators import SkipValidator
>>> tester.call_engines['aws'] = SkipValidator()

>>> tester.teststring(test_str)

Illegal commands

Errors are raised when using an application you haven’t whitelisted:

>>> test_str = '''
...
... The following block of code should cause an error:
...
... .. code-block:: bash
...
...     $ rm tmp.txt
...
... '''

>>> tester.teststring(test_str) # doctest +ELLIPSIS
Traceback (most recent call last):
...
ValueError: Command "rm" not allowed. Add command caller to call_engines to whitelist.

Unrecognized commands will not raise an error if +SKIP is specified

>>> test_str = r'''
...
... .. code-block:: bash
...
...     $ nmake all # doctest: +SKIP
...     $ echo 'I made it!'
...     I made it!
...
... '''
>>> tester.teststring(test_str)

Error handling

Lines failing to match the command’s output will raise an error

>>> test_str = r'''
... .. code-block:: bash
...
...     $ echo "There, it moved!"
...     "No it didn't!"
...
... '''

>>> tester = Runner()
>>> tester.call_engines['echo'] = SubprocessValidator()

>>> tester.teststring(test_str) # doctest: +ELLIPSIS +NORMALIZE_WHITESPACE
Traceback (most recent call last):
...
ValueError: Clatter test failed. There, it moved!
 != "No it didn't!"
+ There, it moved!
- "No it didn't!"

Known issues

We have issues on our issues page. But we want to be very up-front about these.

Security

Similar to doctest, executing arbitrary commands from within your tests is dangerous, and we make no attempt to protect you. We won’t run commands you don’t whitelist, but we cant’t prevent against malicious cases. Don’t run anything you don’t understand, and use at your own risk.

Syntactic completeness

Clatter is not a syntactically complete bash emulator and has no intention of being so.

All arguments to commands are passed as arguments to the first command. Therefore, loops, pipes, redirects, and other control-flow and IO commands will not work as expected.

>>> test_str = '''
...    $ echo hello > test.txt
...    $ cat test.txt
...    hello
...
... '''
>>> tester.teststring(test_str) # doctest: +ELLIPSIS +NORMALIZE_WHITESPACE
Traceback (most recent call last):
...
ValueError: Clatter test failed. hello > test.txt
 !=
+ hello > test.txt
-

Installation

pip install clatter

Requirements

  • pytest

Todo

See issues to see and add to our todos.

Project details


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