An extension module for click to enable registering CLI commands via setuptools entry-points.
An extension module for click to register external CLI commands via setuptools entry-points.
Lets say you develop a commandline interface and someone requests a new feature that is absolutely related to your project but would have negative consequences like additional dependencies, major refactoring, or maybe its just too domain specific to be supported directly. Rather than developing a separate standalone utility you could offer up a setuptools entry point that allows others to use your commandline utility as a home for their related sub-commands. You get to choose where these sub-commands or sub-groups CAN be registered but the plugin developer gets to choose they ARE registered. You could have all plugins register alongside the core commands, in a special sub-group, across multiple sub-groups, or some combination.
For a more detailed example see the examples section.
The only requirement is decorating click.group() with click_plugins.with_plugins() which handles attaching external commands and groups. In this case the core CLI developer registers CLI plugins from core_package.cli_plugins.
from pkg_resources import iter_entry_points import click from click_plugins import with_plugins @with_plugins(iter_entry_points('core_package.cli_plugins')) @click.group() def cli(): """Commandline interface for yourpackage.""" @cli.command() def subcommand(): """Subcommand that does something."""
Plugin developers need to register their sub-commands or sub-groups to an entry-point in their setup.py that is loaded by the core package.
from setuptools import setup setup( name='yourscript', version='0.1', py_modules=['yourscript'], install_requires=[ 'click', ], entry_points=''' [core_package.cli_plugins] cool_subcommand=yourscript.cli:cool_subcommand another_subcommand=yourscript.cli:another_subcommand ''', )
Broken and Incompatible Plugins
Any sub-command or sub-group that cannot be loaded is caught and converted to a click_plugins.core.BrokenCommand() rather than just crashing the entire CLI. The short-help is converted to a warning message like:
Warning: could not load plugin. See ``<CLI> <command/group> --help``.
and if the sub-command or group is executed the entire traceback is printed.
Best Practices and Extra Credit
Opening a CLI to plugins encourages other developers to independently extend functionality independently but their is no guarantee these new features will be “on brand”. Plugin developers are almost certainly already using features in the core package the CLI belongs to so defining commonly used arguments and options in one place lets plugin developers reuse these flags to produce a more cohesive CLI. If the CLI is simple maybe just define them at the top of yourpackage/cli.py or for more complex packages something like yourpackage/cli/options.py. These common options need to be easy to find and be well documented so that plugin developers know what variable to give to their sub-command’s function and what object they can expect to receive. Don’t forget to document non-obvious callbacks.
Keep in mind that plugin developers also have access to the parent group’s ctx.obj, which is very useful for passing things like verbosity levels or config values around to sub-commands.
Here’s some code that sub-commands could re-use:
from multiprocessing import cpu_count import click jobs_opt = click.option( '-j', '--jobs', metavar='CORES', type=click.IntRange(min=1, max=cpu_count()), default=1, show_default=True, help="Process data across N cores." )
Plugin developers can access this with:
import click import parent_cli_package.cli.options @click.command() @parent_cli_package.cli.options.jobs_opt def subcommand(jobs): """I do something domain specific."""
$ pip install click-plugins
$ git clone https://github.com/click-contrib/click-plugins.git $ cd click-plugins $ python setup.py install
$ git clone https://github.com/click-contrib/click-plugins.git $ cd click-plugins $ virtualenv venv && source venv/bin/activate $ pip install -e .[dev] $ py.test tests --cov click_plugins --cov-report term-missing
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