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CNF hashing implemented in python3

Project description

Author: Lukas Prokop
Date: August 2015, May 2016
Version: 2.1.2

A python3 implementation to hash DIMACS CNF files. See the technical report for more details. This implementation was pushed to Python Package Index PyPI.

How to use

To install use pip3:

pip3 install cnfhash

Then you can use the following API in python3:

import cnfhash

# reading blockwise from a DIMACS file

def read_blockwise(filepath):
    with open(filepath) as fd:
        while True:
            buf =
            if len(buf) == 0:
            yield buf

reader = read_blockwise('test.cnf')

# or use integers directly

print(cnfhash.hash_cnf([3, 2, 1, -3, 0, -1, 2, 0]))

Testing the software

Download the testsuite. Provide the folder location as environment variable:

export TESTSUITE="/home/prokls/Downloads/cnf-hash/tests1/"

Then run all files in the tests directory:

python3 tests/

The testsuite has been run successfully, if the exit code has always been 0.

DIMACS file assumptions

A DIMACS file is valid iff

  1. Any line starting with “c” or consisting only of whitespace is considered as comment line and content is not interpreted until the next newline character occurs.
  2. The remaining file is a sequence of whitespace separated values.
    1. The first value is required to be “p”
    2. The second value is required to be “cnf”
    3. The third value is required to be a non-negative integer and called nbvars.
    4. The fourth value is required to be a non-negative integer and called nbclauses.
    5. The remaining non-zero integers are called lits.
    6. The remaining zero integers are called clause terminators.
  3. A DIMACS file must be terminated by a clause terminator.
  4. Every lit must satisfy -nbvars ≤ lit ≤ nbvars.
  5. The number of clause terminators must equate nbclauses.
term ASCII mapping
“c” U+0063
“p” U+0070
“cnf” U+0063 U+006E U+0066 U+0020
sign U+002D
nonzero digit U+0031 – U+0039
digits U+0030 – U+0039
whitespace U+0020, U+000D, U+000A, U+0009
zero U+0030

Formal specification

A valid DIMACS file is read in and a SHA1 instance is fed with bytes:

  1. The first four values are dropped.
  2. Lits are treated as integers without leading zeros. Integers are submitted as base 10 ASCII digits with an optional leading sign to the SHA1 instance.
  3. Clause terminators are submitted as zero character followed by a newline character to the SHA1 instance.

Performance and memory

The DIMACS parser uses OS’ page size as default block size. A few constant values and the python runtime is also stored in memory. So for a python program, this implementation is very memory-friendly.

The technical report shows that 45 DIMACS files summing up to 1 GB memory can be read in 2989 seconds. In terms of performance, the equivalent Go implementation is recommended.


% cat test.cnf
p cnf 5 6
1 2 3 0
2 3 -4 0
1 -2 0
-1 2 0
1 3 5 0
1 -4 -5 0
% cnf-hash-py test.cnf
cnf-hash-py 2.1.2 2016-05-29T12:27:13.991260 /root
cnf2$776d81a0c805104e265667917b22ffefe9f39433  test.cnf


Project details

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Files for cnfhash, version 2.1.2
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