.. image:: https://travis-ci.org/globocom/m3u8.svg
.. image:: https://coveralls.io/repos/globocom/m3u8/badge.png?branch=master
Canary's fork of the python `m3u8`_ parser.
The basic usage is to create a playlist object from uri, file path or
directly from a string:
m3u8_obj = m3u8.load('http://videoserver.com/playlist.m3u8') # this could also be an absolute filename
# if you already have the content as string, use
m3u8_obj = m3u8.loads('#EXTM3U8 ... etc ... ')
The segments may be encrypted, in this case the ``key`` attribute will
be an object with all the attributes from `#EXT-X-KEY`_:
- ``method``: ex.: "AES-128"
- ``uri``: the key uri, ex.: "http://videoserver.com/key.bin"
- ``iv``: the initialization vector, if available. Otherwise ``None``.
If no ``#EXT-X-KEY`` is found, the ``key`` attribute will be ``None``.
Multiple keys are not supported yet (and has a low priority), follow
`issue 1`_ for updates.
Variant playlists (variable bitrates)
A playlist can have a list to other playlist files, this is used to
represent multiple bitrates videos, and it's called `variant streams`_.
See an `example here`_.
variant_m3u8 = m3u8.loads('#EXTM3U8 ... contains a variant stream ...')
variant_m3u8.is_variant # in this case will be True
for playlist in variant_m3u8.playlists:
the playlist object used in the for loop above has a few attributes:
- ``uri``: the url to the stream
- ``stream_info``: a ``StreamInfo`` object (actually a namedtuple) with
all the attributes available to `#EXT-X-STREAM-INF`_
- ``media``: a list of related ``Media`` objects with all the attributes
available to `#EXT-X-MEDIA`_
- ``playlist_type``: the type of the playlist, which can be one of `VOD`_
(video on demand) or `EVENT`_
**NOTE: the following attributes are not implemented yet**, follow
`issue 4`_ for updates
- ``alternative_audios``: its an empty list, unless it's a playlist
with `Alternative audio`_, in this case it's a list with ``Media``
objects with all the attributes available to `#EXT-X-MEDIA`_
- ``alternative_videos``: same as ``alternative_audios``
A variant playlist can also have links to `I-frame playlists`_, which are used
to specify where the I-frames are in a video. See `Apple's documentation`_ on
this for more information. These I-frame playlists can be accessed in a similar
way to regular playlists.
variant_m3u8 = m3u8.loads('#EXTM3U ... contains a variant stream ...')
for iframe_playlist in variant_m3u8.iframe_playlists:
The iframe_playlist object used in the for loop above has a few attributes:
- ``uri``: the url to the I-frame playlist
- ``base_uri``: the base uri of the variant playlist (if given)
- ``iframe_stream_info``: a ``StreamInfo`` object (same as a regular playlist)
All contribution is welcome, but we will merge a pull request if, and only if, it
- has tests
- follows the code conventions
If you plan to implement a new feature or something that will take more
than a few minutes, please open an issue to make sure we don't work on
the same thing.
.. _m3u8: http://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-pantos-http-live-streaming-09
.. _#EXT-X-KEY: http://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-pantos-http-live-streaming-07#section-3.3.4
.. _issue 1: https://github.com/globocom/m3u8/issues/1
.. _variant streams: http://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-pantos-http-live-streaming-08#section-6.2.4
.. _example here: http://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-pantos-http-live-streaming-08#section-8.5
.. _#EXT-X-STREAM-INF: https://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-pantos-http-live-streaming-16#section-184.108.40.206
.. _issue 4: https://github.com/globocom/m3u8/issues/4
.. _I-frame playlists: https://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-pantos-http-live-streaming-16#section-220.127.116.11
.. _Apple's documentation: https://developer.apple.com/library/ios/technotes/tn2288/_index.html#//apple_ref/doc/uid/DTS40012238-CH1-I_FRAME_PLAYLIST
.. _Alternative audio: http://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-pantos-http-live-streaming-08#section-8.7
.. _#EXT-X-MEDIA: https://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-pantos-http-live-streaming-16#section-18.104.22.168
.. _VOD: https://developer.apple.com/library/mac/technotes/tn2288/_index.html#//apple_ref/doc/uid/DTS40012238-CH1-TNTAG2
.. _EVENT: https://developer.apple.com/library/mac/technotes/tn2288/_index.html#//apple_ref/doc/uid/DTS40012238-CH1-EVENT_PLAYLIST
TODO: Brief introduction on what you do with files - including link to relevant help section.