Skip to main content

Listing views

Project description

.. contents::

Introduction
============

.. image:: https://secure.travis-ci.org/collective/collective.listingviews.png
:target: http://travis-ci.org/collective/collective.listingviews

``collective.listingviews`` allows a Plone site administrator to quickly create a new display
view their content types, folders, collections and eea.facetnavigation. It will also let you create
custom portlets.

.. |listingviews| image:: https://cloud.githubusercontent.com/assets/41700/5023294/b6f6e9e0-6b27-11e4-8516-2b4a50ef66c5.png
:width: 50pt
.. |edit listing view| image:: https://cloud.githubusercontent.com/assets/41700/5023298/bdd25150-6b27-11e4-8be8-010e3c2cc6d0.png
:scale: 50 %
.. |display menu| image:: https://cloud.githubusercontent.com/assets/41700/5023300/c1546ad4-6b27-11e4-844e-e3d658009731.png
:scale: 50 %
.. |unthemed| image:: https://cloud.githubusercontent.com/assets/41700/5023303/c5cdc2f4-6b27-11e4-9a0d-e89e5b99b71e.png
:scale: 50 %
.. |themed| image:: https://cloud.githubusercontent.com/assets/41700/5023306/c9e2f918-6b27-11e4-86aa-efd49d202ec8.png
:scale: 50 %


1. Go to Site Setup > Listing Views. |listingviews|
2. Select the fields you want to display and give your view a name and class tag. Pick which content types this view will be
available to.
|edit listing view|
4. Once you've added your view definition you can use the "Display Menu" or "Listing view portlet" to apply this view where you want.
If you use it on a folder or
collection it display a list items with just the fields you defined. If you use your view on a single item, it will display a list
with a single set of fields. If you use a portlet, you can either point it to a fixed item, folder or collection, or it will display
the content of the current context.
|display menu|
|unthemed|
5. If you require further customisation: use diazo to customise the layout/html of your fields or you can
use custom fields via "Site setup" if you need combine field values, format a value or access plone api's.
|themed|

For example you could

- create a news listing which displays the first sentance and publish date of each news item
- create a footer portlet for each page which displays the last updated date of the current content
- create a portlet which grabs a random image from a folder
- create a listing of folders which contain pdfs of different languages and display links to each version of the pdf.

This plugin is very flexible and can be used to:

- create custom views of folders or collections that include metadata and
content from contained or matching items;
- create custom listing portlets with additional information such as
lead images, publication dates or authors;
- create listing views with subqueries or python via `TAL expressions`_;
- create additional views of non-folderish content items, showing other aspects of the
content;
- create portlets to display information about the current item such as last
updated date, or even the whole content replacing plugins like ItemViewPortlet;
- create carousel portlets which pull content or images from collections or
folders and apply javascript to them, replacing collective.carousel are related
plugins;
- create custom listings for ``eea.facetednavigation``;

Listing Views are designed to be simple to create quickly on a Plone site
and avoid the complexity of creating custom page templates or overridden
views for many common cases.

View definitions are created inside the Plone Site setup by TTW developers.
Content editors can apply the views to content items via the
``Display Menu`` for content or in a ``Listing View Portlet`` for portlets
(and in the future in a ``Content Listing Tile``).

The HTML markup used by the view is simple and designed to be easily adapted
to your needs using CSS or Diazo. Each view consists of:

- a definition list of fields of the target or context content item;
- a list of definition lists of fields for each the listed items if the
target or context is a folder, or collection;
- unique CSS classes for the lists and each field type.

By default Fields that can make up a ListingView are :

- Any Metadata fields stored in the catalog (e.g. Title, Effective Date)
- Some Metadata fields with formatting applied (e.g. Title (Link), Effective Date (Date & Time))
- Any custom TAL expressions

Plone 4.3.5/4.3.6 issues
========================

There is a known issue which breaks widgets when editing listing views.
This is due to a regression bug in z3c.form 3.2.3 which ships with Plone 4.3.5 and 4.3.6.

You will need to pin a different version of z3c.form. Add the following to versions::

[versions]
...
z3c.form = 3.2.4

(If for some reason you need to pin an older version of z3c.form you should be fine.
Just stay away from the 3.2.3 version)

Worked Examples
===============

>>> from zope.component.hooks import getSite; plone =getSite()
>>> from plone.uuid.interfaces import IUUID

Creating a custom field
-----------------------

Let's say have a design that demands that has a folder displaying the publication date for each item.

Most of this can be achieved using diazo and css however the publication date isn't in any of Plone's default listing
views.
Previously you would have to dig into Plone's code base, find it's folder template implementation and then
use ``jbot`` or ``ZCML`` template overrides to customise the folder listing template.
Not only will you need to learn about TAL, python, packaging and deployment but the end result will make your site
harder to upgrade. Any future enhancements in Plone's folder template will have to be merged back into your patched
overriden template.

Instead here is how you do it using a ListingView.

First we need to create a custom field using TAL since we want a custom date format rather than Plones default.
A TAL Expression like the following will work.

>>> tal = "python:item.effective.strftime('%d/%m/%Y') if item.EffectiveDate != 'None' else '' "

- Go to ``Site Setup > Listing Custom Fields > Add``
- The ``Id`` is unique and is also used as a CSS class in the final html
- The ``Title`` is what the editor picks from the ``Display Menu`` or in the ``ListingView Portlet``
- Finally the TAL Expression that is evaluated when showing the field. ``item`` is the catalog brain.
``object`` or ``here`` is the context object. Below is the TAL we are going to use.

>>> browser = layer['manager']
>>> browser.getLink('Site Setup').click()
>>> browser.getLink('Listing Custom Fields').click()
>>> browser.getControl('Add').click()
>>> browser.getControl('Id').value = "pubdate"
>>> browser.getControl('Title').value = "Local Publication Date"
>>> browser.getControl('TAL expression').value = tal
>>> browser.getControl('Save').click()


Creating a listing view
-----------------------

Now that we've created our custom field we can add a new Listing View via
``Site Setup > Listing View > Add``.

>>> browser.getLink('Site Setup').click()
>>> browser.getLink('Listing View').click()
>>> browser.getControl('Add').click()

There are two kinds of information a listing view display. Information about the context object called
``Item Fields`` and information about the contents or matched items called ``Listing Fields``.
These fields come from either standard metadata or the custom fields we add.

>>> 'Description' in browser.getControl('Title', index=1).control.displayOptions
True


#>>> print '\n'.join( sorted(browser.getControl('Title', index=1).control.displayOptions) )
Creation Date (Date & Time)
Creation Date (Date)
Creator
Description
Effective Date (Date & Time)
Effective Date (Date)
End Date (Date & Time)
End Date (Date)
Expiration Date (Date & Time)
Expiration Date (Date)
Short Name
Short Name (Link)
Size
Local Publication Date (Custom)
Location
Modification Date (Date & Time)
Modification Date (Date)
State
Start Date (Date & Time)
Start Date (Date)
Tags
Title
Title (Link)
Total number of comments
Item Type
...

By default the view will be enabled for standard content types. These are

>>> options = browser.getControl('Page').control.displayOptions
>>> options = [o for o in options if 'old-style' not in o]
>>> print '\n'.join( options )
Collection
Comment
Event
File
Folder
Image
Link
News Item
Page

In this case we'll create a view called ``News with publication``.
For the context object we'll show

- ``Title``

for each of the content items

- ``Title``
- ``Title (Link)``
- ``Effective Date``
- ``Local Publication Date``

and finally we'll enable the view for all content types

>>> browser.getControl('Id').value = "pubnews"
>>> browser.getControl('Title', index=0).value = "News with publication"
>>> layer.setInAndOut(browser, ['Title'], index=1)
>>> if plone5: layer.setInAndOut(browser, ['Title', 'Title (Link)', 'EffectiveDate (Date)', 'Local Publication Date (Custom)'], index=3)
>>> if not plone5: layer.setInAndOut(browser, ['Title', 'Title (Link)', 'Effective Date (Date)', 'Local Publication Date (Custom)'], index=3)
>>> layer.setInAndOut(browser, browser.getControl('Page').control.displayOptions, index=0 )
>>> browser.getControl('Add').click()

We can manage our existing listing views including a link to edit the view we just created.

>>> browser.getLink('pubnews')
<Link text='pubnews' url='http://nohost/plone/listingviews_controlpanel/pubnews'>

Using a listing view on a folder
--------------------------------

We have a ``folder1`` with some pages in including a Page called ``item1``.
Using the ``Display > News with publication`` menu we will change the folder view to
``News with publication`` view we created.

>>> browser.getLink('folder1').click()
>>> browser.getLink('item1')
<Link text='item1' url='http://nohost/plone/folder1/item1'>
>>> browser.getLink('folder1').click()
>>> browser.getLink('News with publication').click()


You will now have a listing that contains all the information you need.
We have

- a definition for the fields of the folder (the context item)
- an unordered list of definition lists for every item contained in the folder.

- the title of ``item1``
- a title made into a link to ``item1``
- the ``EffectiveDate`` using Plone's default Date format
- and finally our custom version of the effective date

Note the html is in exactly the same order as we specifed in our view definition


>>> print browser.contents
<...
<div class="listing-item-fields">
<dl class="pubnews-item item-fields">
<dt class="listing-field field-Title">Title</dt>
<dd class="listing-field field-Title">folder1</dd>
</dl>
</div>
...

>>> print browser.contents
<...
<ul class="pubnews-listing listing-items-view">
<li class="listing-item">
<dl class="listing-fields">
...
</dl>
</li>
</ul>
...

>>> print browser.contents
<...
<dt class="listing-field field-Title">Title</dt>
<dd class="listing-field field-Title">item1</dd>
...

>>> print browser.contents
<...
<dt class="listing-field field-Title-tolink">Title (Link)</dt>
<dd class="listing-field field-Title-tolink"><a href="http://nohost/plone/folder1/item1">item1</a></dd>
...

>>> print browser.contents
<...
<dt class="listing-field field-EffectiveDate-localshort">Effective...Date (Date)</dt>
<dd class="listing-field field-EffectiveDate-localshort"></dd>
...

>>> print browser.contents
<...
<dt class="listing-field pubdate">Local Publication Date</dt>
<dd class="listing-field pubdate"></dd>
...


The styling of this view is very basic. With ``Diazo`` we can turn this into a much nicer looking view by
matching against the CSS class ``pubnews-listing``::

<replace css:content="ul.pubnews-listing">
<xsl:for-each select="./li[contains(@class, 'listing-item')]">
<div class="span8">
<div class="headline">
<xsl:element name="a">
<xsl:attribute name="href"><xsl:value-of select="./dl/dd[contains(@class, 'field-Title')]/a/@href"/></xsl:attribute>
<xsl:value-of select="./dl/dd[contains(@class, 'field-Title')]"/>
</xsl:element>
</div>
<div id="publishedDets1" class="publishDate">Published <xsl:value-of select="./dl/dd[contains(@class, 'custom-date')]"/></div>
<div class="description"><xsl:value-of select="./dl/dd[contains(@class, 'field-Description')]"/></div>
<div class="newsLink">
<xsl:element name="a">
<xsl:attribute name="href"><xsl:value-of select="./dl/dd[contains(@class, 'field-Title')]/a/@href"/></xsl:attribute>
<xsl:text>Read Full Article</xsl:text>
</xsl:element>
</div>
</div>
</xsl:for-each>
</replace>


Adding publication date to a Page using a portlet
-------------------------------------------------

We can use the same custom publication date field when viewing Page items.

We'll create a new Listing View
called ``Publication Info``, .
add ``Local Publication Date`` to the 'item' fields, rather than the listing fields.

Finally we only want this to be applied to a Page content type

>>> browser.getLink('Site Setup').click()
>>> browser.getLink('Listing View').click()
>>> browser.getControl('Add').click()
>>> browser.getControl('Id').value = "pubnewsitem"
>>> browser.getControl('Title', index=0).value = "Publication Info"
>>> layer.setInAndOut(browser, ['Local Publication Date (Custom)'], index=0)
>>> layer.setInAndOut(browser, ['Page'])
>>> browser.getControl('Add').click()


Go to your folder where all the pages are located
and

1. Add a ``ListingView Portlet`` portlet to the left side using ``Manage porlets``.
2. Enter ``Publication Info`` as the Portlet header.
3. Select ``Publication Info`` as the ``Listing views``.
4. Leave ``Target`` target blank as you want portlet to show information of the current item. Click ``Save``.

Alternatively you can also add the portlet as a Content Type portlet which also ensures it will only be shown only when
viewing this content type. (e.g. ``Site Setup > Types > News Item > Manage Portlets assigned to this content type``).

>>> browser.getLink('Home').click()
>>> browser.getLink('folder1').click()
>>> browser.getLink('Manage portlets').click()
>>> browser.getControl('ListingView Portlet', index=1).click()
>>> layer.getFormFromControl(browser.getControl('ListingView Portlet', index=1)).submit()
>>> browser.getControl('Portlet header').value = 'Publication Info'
>>> browser.getControl('Listing views').value = ['pubnewsitem']
>>> browser.getControl('Save').click()


Now whenever you view a news item you will get a portlet on the left hand side.
We can see

- a portlet with the heading ``Publication Info``.
- Our portlet shows data about the context item (in this case item1)
- and because item1 has no contents we have an empty list in the listing part of the portlet.

>>> browser.getLink('folder1').click()
>>> browser.getLink('item1').click()
>>> print browser.contents
<...
<dl class="portlet portletListing portlet-listing-publication-info">
...
</dl>
...
>>> print browser.contents
<...
<dt class="portletHeader">
<span class="portletTopLeft"></span>
<span>
Publication Info
</span>
<span class="portletTopRight"></span>
</dt>
...
>>> print browser.contents
<...
<div class="listing-item-fields-portlet">
<dl class="pubnewsitem-item item-fields">
<dt class="listing-field pubdate">Local Publication Date</dt>
<dd class="listing-field pubdate">.../.../...</dd>
</dl>
</div>
...
>>> print browser.contents
<...
<ul class="pubnewsitem-listing listing-items-view">
</ul>
...

Using the diazo mockup and rules.xml to change the final design we can move the publication date below the title
and remove the portlet completely::

<drop content-children="//dl[contains(@class, 'portlet-listing-news-item')]" />
<replace css:content="#parent-fieldname-title" if-content="//dl[contains(@class, 'portlet-listing-news-item')]" >
<xsl:copy-of select="." />
<div id="publishedDets" class="publishDate">Published <xsl:value-of select="//dl[contains(@class, 'portlet-listing-news-item')]//dd[contains(@class, 'custom-date')]"/></div>
</replace>


Because we restricted which types the view can be applied to we won't see the portlet on the folder.
We also aren't able to select that view from the display menu because this is a folder not a Page.

>>> browser.getLink('folder1').click()
>>> 'portlet-listing-news-item-info' in browser.contents
False
>>> 'There was an error while rendering the portlet' in browser.contents
False
>>> browser.getLink('Publication Info')
Traceback (most recent call last):
...
LinkNotFoundError


Item View on content
--------------------

We are also able to select our ``Publication Info`` view as a view for the ``item1`` main content as well
via the ``Display > Publication Info`` menu.

>>> browser.getLink('folder1').click()
>>> browser.getLink('item1').click()
>>> browser.getLink('Publication Info')
<Link text='Publication Info' url='.../folder1/item1/selectViewTemplate?templateId=collective.listingviews.pubnewsitem...'>


Item View portlet for fixed item
--------------------------------
It's also possible to fix a portlet to show information on particular item instead of the current content context.
Edit the portlet and search for ``item1`` in the ``Target`` Field.

>>> browser.getLink('Manage portlets').click()
>>> browser.getLink('Publication Info').click()
>>> if plone5: browser.getForm('form').getControl(name='form.widgets.root').value = IUUID(plone['folder1']['item1'])
>>> if not plone5: browser.getControl('Save').mech_form.new_control('text','form.root', {'value':'/folder1/item1'})
>>> browser.getControl('Save').click()

#TODO show what happens if we pick an item of invalid type

We will now see the portlet at the folder level

>>> browser.getLink('folder1').click()
>>> print browser.contents
<...
<div class="listing-item-fields-portlet">
<dl class="pubnewsitem-item item-fields">
<dt class="listing-field pubdate">Local Publication Date</dt>
<dd class="listing-field pubdate">.../.../...</dd>
</dl>
</div>
...

Listing Views for collections
-----------------------------

We have create a collection in our folder1 called collection1

>>> browser.getLink('folder1').click()
>>> print browser.contents
<...collection1...>
>>> browser.getLink('collection1').click()
>>> assert "There are currently no items in this folder." not in browser.contents
>>> print browser.contents
<...item1...>
>>> browser.getLink('item1')
<Link text='item1' url='http://nohost/plone/folder1/item1'>

Switch to our publication view

Select ``Display > 'News with publication'``.

>>> browser.getLink('collection1').click()
>>> browser.getLink('News with publication').click()
>>> print browser.contents
<...
<dt class="listing-field pubdate">Local Publication Date</dt>
...


And we'll still see item1
and our custom field

>>> browser.getLink('item1')
<Link text='item1' url='http://nohost/plone/folder1/item1'>
>>> print browser.contents
<...
<dt class="listing-field pubdate">Local Publication Date</dt>
<dd class="listing-field pubdate">.../.../...</dd>
...

Collection Portlets
-------------------

We can also create a portlet on the home page listing the contents of this collection

On the home page we have no link to item1

>>> browser.getLink('Home').click()
>>> browser.getLink('item1')
Traceback (most recent call last):
...
LinkNotFoundError

We'll create a portlet to give us links.
Give the portlet a header.
We have a choice of Listing Views to pick from.
Select ``News with publication`` as the ``Listing views``.
We can select a specific collection to display by searching by
name for ``collection1`` in the ``Target`` field.

>>> browser.getLink('Manage portlets').click()
>>> browser.getControl('ListingView Portlet', index=1).click()
>>> layer.getFormFromControl(browser.getControl('ListingView Portlet', index=1)).submit()
>>> browser.getControl('Portlet header').value = 'Collection Portlet'
>>> if not plone5:
... browser.getControl('Listing views').displayOptions == ['(nothing selected)', 'News with publication', 'Publication Info']
... else:
... browser.getControl('Listing views').displayOptions == ['News with publication', 'Publication Info']
True
>>> if plone5: browser.getControl('Listing views').value = ['pubnews']
>>> if not plone5: browser.getControl('News with publication').click()
>>> if plone5: browser.getForm('form').getControl(name='form.widgets.root').value = IUUID(plone['folder1']['collection1'])
>>> if not plone5: browser.getControl('Save').mech_form.new_control('text','form.root', {'value':'/folder1/collection1'})
>>> browser.getControl('Save').click()

New when we view home we see the items inside ``folder1` based on criteria in ``collection1``, so we'll see
a link to the ``item1``

>>> browser.getLink('Home').click()
>>> browser.getLink('item1')
<Link text='item1' url='http://nohost/plone/folder1/item1'>


Example: News listing in table view
-----------------------------------

Let's say have a design that demands that has a news folder that displays the publication date for each news item in table form.

We just copy our listing view and give it a new class. Add the following to your diazo rules.xml to turn the plain view into a table::

<replace css:content="ul.listing-items-view">
<table>
<tr>
<th><xsl:value-of select="./li[contains(@class, 'listing-item')][1]/dl/dt[contains(@class, 'field-Title')]"/></th>
<th><xsl:value-of select="./li[contains(@class, 'listing-item')][1]/dl/dt[contains(@class, 'custom-date')]"/></th>
<th><xsl:value-of select="./li[contains(@class, 'listing-item')][1]/dl/dt[contains(@class, 'field-Description')]"/></th>
</tr>
<xsl:for-each select="./li[contains(@class, 'listing-item')]">
<tr>
<td>
<xsl:element name="a">
<xsl:attribute name="href"><xsl:value-of select="./dl/dd[contains(@class, 'field-location')]"/></xsl:attribute>
<xsl:value-of select="./dl/dd[contains(@class, 'field-Title')]"/>
</xsl:element>
</td>
<td>
<p id="publishedDets1" class="publishDate">Published <xsl:value-of select="./dl/dd[contains(@class, 'custom-date')]"/></p>
</td>
<td>
<p class="description"><xsl:value-of select="./dl/dd[contains(@class, 'field-Description')]"/></p>
</td>
</tr>
</xsl:for-each>
</table>
</replace>






Contributing
============

Development is at http://github.com/collective/collective.listingviews

Initial development was funded by `PretaWeb`_.

We have some ideas on where this could go:

- Nicer GS import/export. Currently uses plone.app.registry.
- Safe HTML filtering for all fields. Currently not implemented.
- Support `plone.app.contentlistingtile`_ for Deco or ``collective.cover``.
``contentlistingtile`` allows custom views to be selected so this should
be simple.
- Preview/export as ZPT. This provides a way to learn ZPT and a base to start
from when more complex views are needed.
- Debug custom fields. Allow selection of content to test fields quickly.
- Migration of views. Provide a way to make bulk changes in content from one
listingview to another listingview. This would allow a new "template" to
be created and tested and then switched in production.
- Support customisation of batching settings.
- Allow GET requests so that the list can act as a custom search listing
page.
- Support grouping.
- Support hierarchical listing. Allow navigation portlets, sitemaps with
additional fields. Maybe different kind of views? Maybe allow views to be
used as fields within other views?
- Support AJAX batching and infinite lists (auto-load next when scrolled
down).
- Reuse TAL on different fields. The TAL becomes a formatter function
instead of a field; e.g. convert date or turn Title into link. Functions
let you select with fields they apply to, or apply to whole item (i.e.
custom field).
- Pre-calculate custom fields, i.e. add them to catalog metadata.

.. _plone.app.contentlistingtile: https://github.com/plone/plone.app.contentlistingtile
.. _plone.app.collection: https://github.com/plone/plone.app.collection
.. _PretaWeb: http://www.pretaweb.com
.. _TAL expressions: http://developer.plone.org/functionality/expressions.html

Changelog
=========

1.0.1 (2019-01-17)
------------------

- Fix broken release
[instification]


1.0 (2019-01-17)
----------------

- Make Plone 5 compatible
[Dylan Jay, instification]
- Fix bug where collections view were ignoring sort order
[David Bain]
- Fix exclude the navigation if it is not container or batch number is zero.
[Ivan Teoh]

1.0beta3 (2013-09-11)
---------------------

- Fix import of getSite to work with Plone 4.3
[vangheem]
- Removed 'location' field as it has other meaning in catalog and 'Title' gives
you the same info
[Dylan Jay]

1.0beta2 (2013-01-31)
---------------------

- Fixed bug where can set dynamic view for 'Discussion Item'
[Dylan Jay]

1.0beta1 (2013-01-30)
---------------------

- Renamed TAL attributes. object->item (catalog metadata), context->object
[Dylan Jay]
- Functional tests
[Dylan Jay]
- Use CRUD z3cform framework and autoform so make easier to use and easier to
replace widgets
[Dylan Jay]
- Make "Restricted to types" work
[Dylan Jay]
- Add date and link filters
[Dylan Jay]
- Views appear in display menu directly
[Dylan Jay]

1.0alpha1 (unreleased)
----------------------

- Refactor to support eea.facetednavigation
[Dylan Jay]
- Precompile TAL expressions before loop
[Dylan Jay]
- Initial version
[Ivan Teoh]
- Package created using templer
[Ivan Teoh]

Project details


Download files

Download the file for your platform. If you're not sure which to choose, learn more about installing packages.

Files for collective.listingviews, version 1.0.1
Filename, size File type Python version Upload date Hashes
Filename, size collective.listingviews-1.0.1.tar.gz (60.3 kB) File type Source Python version None Upload date Hashes View hashes

Supported by

Elastic Elastic Search Pingdom Pingdom Monitoring Google Google BigQuery Sentry Sentry Error logging AWS AWS Cloud computing DataDog DataDog Monitoring Fastly Fastly CDN DigiCert DigiCert EV certificate StatusPage StatusPage Status page