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Collective Warmup

Project description


collective.warmup has been created to warm up web application’s caches upon start and restart.

It works by reading a configuration file containing a list of urls that are then invoked.

collective.warmup is inspired by Gil Forcada’s script.

Why not a simple bash script?

While the basic use case is very simple, collective.warmup offers the following extra features:

  • Verifies the correctness of the response body (e.g. contains a certain string)
  • Can operate in crawl mode, following links in pages to warm up all related pages
  • Can filter out certain urls according to a general definition


collective.warmup can be installed in two ways:

  • As a normal python package via pip
  • Inside a buildout, with optional integration with Plone


Manual installation

To install it (using virtualenv, on a GNU/Debian machine):

$ sudo apt-get install build-essential python-dev python-lxml python-virtualenv libxml2-dev libxslt1-dev
$ virtualenv warmup && cd warmup && souce bin/activate
(warmup) $ pip install collective.warmup

and launch it with:

(warmup) $ bin/warmup <path/file.ini>

Alternative installation with buildout

To integrate collective.warmup in a buildout with Plone, add this to your configuration:

parts =

eggs +=

environment-vars +=
    WARMUP_BIN ${buildout:directory}/bin/warmup
    WARMUP_INI ${buildout:directory}/warmup.ini

recipe = zc.recipe.egg:scripts
eggs = collective.warmup

After executing the buildout you will find the warmup script in the bin directory.

In this example, the script will be executed automatically by the Zope instance each time it is started.

Configuration file

This is a sample warmup.ini configuration:

enabled = True
sleep = 2
base_url = http://localhost
logfile = /path/to/warmup.log

urls =
    Home page

max_attempts = 2
base_path = mysite

[Home page]
path = ${config:base_path}/
max_attempts = ${config:max_attempts}
check_exists =
check_not_exists =
    p0wned by
follow_links = True
ignore_middle =
ignore_end =


Global [warmup]

enable : True or False
If False, the script will do nothing when invoked.
sleep : integer
The number of seconds the script waits between url retrievals. Defaults to 2.
base_url : a valid URL (don’t forget the protocol!)
The base URL to check (all paths in the various URL sections are relative to this URL).
log_file : a filesystem path
The file where the logs will be written.
urls : a list of sections (separated by newline)
The URLs that we want to check. Each URL must have its own section in the configuration file (see below) and we reference these sections here (do not put real URLs here!). It also set an order for the checks (which are executed sequentially).

URL section

max_attempts : integer
The maximum number of attempts to check the url. Defaults to 2
path : the path to check
The path will be added to the base_url parameter in order to retrieve the page url
check_exists : list of strings
A list of strings that must be present in the page
check_not_exists : list of strings
A list of strings that must not be present in the page
follow_links : True or False
If True the script will follow the links in the page and will perform the same checks for each link.
ignore_middle : list of strings
If follow_links is True, the links containing one of these strings will be ignored
ignore_end : list of strings
If follow_links is True, the links ending with one of these strings will be ignored

Health check

In order not to mark backend healthy too early by the load-balancer, before proper warmup, this package defines a browser view called @@health.check which can be used within your load-balancer probe mechanism. See bellow a Varnish configuration example:

backend instance_1 {
    .host = "localhost";
    .port = "8081";
    .probe = {
         .url = "/health.check";
         .interval = 5s;
         .timeout = 1s;
         .window = 5;
         .threshold = 3;

This way Varnish will mark the Zope instance backend healthy when ZODB cache-size is bigger than WARMUP_HEALTH_THRESHOLD. If you do not define the WARMUP_HEALTH_THRESHOLD environment variable, the Zope instance backend will be marked healthy as soon as Zope will be able to handle requests.


Abstract Website


1.2 (2016-09-08)

  • Check for write permissions within logfile and fallback to a temporary file if can’t write instead of sys.exit [avoinea]
  • Add @@health.check browser view to be used with load-balancer health-check in order not to mark backend healthy too early before proper warmup. [avoinea]
  • Avoid zombie processes. [jone]
  • Add zcml:condition for Plone 3 compatibility [gborelli]

1.1 (2014-07-18)

  • Python 2.4 support [gborelli]

1.0 (2014-04-06)

  • First release

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