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Collective variables module for molecular simulation and analysis programs

Project description

# Collective variables module (Colvars)

A software module for molecular simulation and analysis that provides a high-performance implementation of sampling algorithms defined on a reduced space of continuously differentiable functions (aka collective variables).

The module itself implements a variety of functions and algorithms, including free-energy estimators based on thermodynamic forces, non-equilibrium work and probability distributions.

## Obtaining and using

The easiest way to obtain binary versions of Colvars is via the simulation programs [NAMD]( and [LAMMPS]( and the visualization program [VMD]( Please check [here]( to see which version of Colvars is included with the round-number versions of VMD and NAMD. Colvars is integrated with LAMMPS on a near-continuous basis, most often immediately after significant code changes.

## Documentation

The [Colvars webpage]( includes user documentation for the three codes, as well as a Doxygen-based [developer documentation](

The reference article is:
G. Fiorin, M. L. Klein, and J. Hénin, Molecular Physics 111, 3345 (2013). \[[BibTex file](\] \[[Endnote file](\]

## Example input

Colvars requires a configuration file, or alternatively configuration arguments given through scripting commands by the linked program. In NAMD:
colvars on
cv configfile <Colvars configuration file>
cv molid top
cv configfile <Colvars configuration file>
fix Colvars all colvars configfile <Colvars configuration file>
The contents of the configuration file are typically the same across all programs, for example:
colvar { # Define a new variable
name d # Must give a name to this variable
width 0.2 # Estimated fluctuation amplitude and/or grid resolution, "w_d"
distance { # This variable is a distance between centers of mass (COMs)
group1 { atomNumbers 1 2 3 } # List the atoms of the 1st group
group2 { atomNumbers 4 5 6 } # List the atoms of the 2nd group

harmonic { # Define a harmonic potential, 1/2*K*(d-d0)^2/w_d^2
colvars d # Apply it to the variable "d"
centers 5.0 # The center of the potential, "d0"
forceConstant 10.0 # Force constant, "K"

Please see the [examples]( folder of this repository. Configuration options (particularly, the selections of atoms) require minimal changes to reflect the specifics of each simulation.

The [tests]( folder also contains functional segments of Colvars configuration, used to build numerical tests of code accuracy and stability. Feel free to use these segments in your production runs.

## Updating to the latest version

To recompile each program with the most recent version of the module, [download]( the `master` branch of this repository, or clone it via git:
git clone
and run the provided `` script against the unpacked source tree of any of the supported programs:
./ /path/to/NAMD_X.YY_Source ; # updates NAMD
./ /path/to/vmd-X.Y.Z ; # updates VMD
./ /path/to/lammps ; # updates LAMMPS
and recompile them.

The `` script is synchronized with the latest version of each program: [NAMD nightly build](, [VMD CVS]( and the Github repository of [LAMMPS]( Earlier versions are not supported.

## Which version is recommended?

All bugfixes are released through the `master` branch, which is to be considered the "*stable*" release at any given time. The input syntax is *backward-compatible* and output files are *forward-compatible*. Feel free to download Colvars and update NAMD, VMD or LAMMPS as needed.

Other branches are dedicated to the development of specific features: please use them at your own discretion.

## Feedback

Please use the "Issues" tab of this page to submit new bug reports or to suggest new features.

## License

This software is distributed under the GNU Lesser General Public License, version 3. See COPYING.LESSER for complete licensing terms.

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