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Compilation Database Manipulation Utility

Project description

Compilation Database Manipulation Utility

This utility facilitates the use and modifications of compilation databases (CDB).
Modifying compilation databases can be useful especially when you don't have control over how a project is built.


pip install compile-commands


Requires at least python 3.4.


This tool has many possible uses, I'll go through some of them to showcase how it can be used.

In a project composed of subproject with their own build folder, you can use --merge and indicate the root --dir and it will merge them in the specified directory.
This is particularly useful for LSP servers that don't handle these projects well.

compile-commands --dir /path/to/project --merge

You can also indicate to the LSP server that you prefer using libc++ instead of libstdc++ even if your buildsystem doesn't use it.

compile-commands --file /path/to/project/compile-commands.json \

--add_flags takes in a string so you can add multiple flags

compile-commands --file /path/to/project/compile-commands.json \
                 --add_flags='-stdlib=libc++ -O0'

You can combine --add_flags with --run to monitor warnings as example:

compile-commands --file /path/to/project/compile-commands.json \
                 --add_flags='-Wall -Wextra -pedantic -fsyntax' \
                 --run --threads=12

You can decide to treat only a subset of your project by using --filter-files or --remove-files.
--filter-files takes in a regular expression whereas --remove-files takes in a comma-separated list of absolute paths.

You can as example filter out .c files from the database:

compile-commands --file /path/to/project/compile-commands.json \
                 --filter-files='.*\.c$' \

You can decide to treat only a subset of your project by using --include_files which takes in a comma-separated list of absolute paths. You can also prefix each paths passed to --include_files and --remove_files by using --path-prefix.

compile-commands --file /path/to/project/compile-commands.json \

You can use the -o flag to specify the name of the output file in case you don't want to overwrite

compile-commands --file /path/to/project/compile-commands.json \
                 --filter-files='.*\.c$' \
                 --remove-files='path/to/file1,path/to/file2' \
                 -o 'my-db-without-c-files.json'

You can also filter out parts of the commands based on a regular expression using --filter.
This is particularly useful when you need to modify the -o from the command. A good example of that is using ClangBuildAnalyzer.

mkdir ftime
cd ftime
./compile-commands --file=/path/to/project/compile-commands.json \
                   --add_flags='-ftime-trace' \
                   --filter='-o .*\\.o' \
                   --run -j 12

# .json and .o files are created in-place!
ClangBuildAnalyzer --all . capture_file
ClangBuildAnalyzer --analyze capture_file

We add the clang's -ftime-trace as required by ClangBuildAnalyzer and remove every occurences of -o path/to/object/file.o and run each commands to produces the json tracings.
What if g++ was used during the creation of compilation database ? In this case we can use --clang and --gcc to switch between the two compilers and even change the path of the compiler with --compiler_path if let's say gcc is in /usr/bin and the clang we want to use is in /usr/bin/local.

./ --file=/path/to/project/compile-commands.json \
                      --clang --compiler_path='/usr/bin/local' \
                      --add_flags='-ftime-trace' \
                      --filter='-o .*\\.o' \
                      --run -j 12 

--filter also accepts a replacement through the --replacement flag, it accepts reference to groups within the regular expression as per re.sub(). --filter is also useful to remove flags that are not compatible with both compilers.

If you are a user of the Ninja buildsystem you might notice that the above example does not work. That is because generating a CDB through Cmake using Ninja as the generator will result in having relative include paths within the CDB (relative to "directory" that is). This is inconvenient because the above effectively moves the build directory but does not move dependencies. To fix that you can use --absolute_include_paths which will try to modify relative includes paths into absolute include paths.

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