Skip to main content

Simple module to load and use configuration in a clean, 'pythonic' way.

Project description

confidence :+1:

Confidence makes it easy to load one or multiple sources of configuration values and exposes them as a simple to use Python object. Given the following YAML file:

  bar: 42

foo.baz: '21 is only half the answer'

foobar: the answer is ${}…

Use it with confidence:

# load configuration from a YAML file
configuration = confidence.loadf('path/to/configuration.yaml')

# a Configuration object is like a read-only dict, but better
value = configuration.get('')
value = configuration.get('', default=42)
# or even kwargs, should you want to
# (passing bar=42 and foo='21 is only half the answer')

# namespaces are one honking great idea -- let's do more of those!
value =
# they're even safe when values might be missing
value =
if value is NotConfigured:
    value = 42
# or, similar
value = or 42

# even references to other configured values will work
value = configuration.foobar  # 'the answer is 42…'

Often, combining multiple sources of configuration can be useful when defining defaults or reading from multiple files:

configuration = confidence.loadf('/etc/system-wide-defaults.yaml',

# confidence provides a convenient way of using this kind of precedence,
# letting 'more local' files take precedence over system-wide sources
# load_name will attempt to load multiple files, skipping ones that
# don't exist (using typical *nix paths, XDG-specified locations, some
# Windows environment variables and typical OSX paths):
# - /etc/xdg/app.yaml
# - /etc/app.yaml
# - /Library/Preferences/app.yaml
# - C:/ProgramData/app.yaml
# - ~/.config/app.yaml
# - ~/Library/Preferences/app.yaml
# - ~/AppData/Roaming/app.yaml
# - ~/.app.yaml
# - ./app.yaml

configuration = confidence.load_name('app')

# if set, load_name will take a look at environment variables like
# APP_FOO_BAR and APP_FOO_BAZ, mixing those in as and foo.baz

# the default load order can be overridden if necessary:

configuration = confidence.load_name('app', load_order=confidence.loaders(
    # loading system after user makes system locations take precedence
    confidence.Locality.USER, confidence.Locality.SYSTEM

While powerful, no set of convenience functions will ever satisfy everyone's use case. To be able to serve as wide an audience as possible, confidence doesn't hide away its flexible internal API.

# let's say application defaults are available as a dict in source
app_defaults = {'foo': {'bar': 42},
                'foo.baz': '21 is only half the answer'}

# and we've already created a way to read a dict from somewhere
def read_from_source(name):
    return read_values

# all of this can be combined to turn it into a single glorious Configuration instance
# precedence rules apply here, values from read_from_source will overwrite both
# app_defaults and values read from file
configuration = confidence.Configuration(app_defaults,
                                         # yeah, this would be a Configuration instance
                                         # remember it's just like a dict?
# make it so, no. 1


0.15 (2023-06-26)

  • Add unwrap function to the public API, unwrapping a Configuration object into a plain dict (note that references are not resolved and will remain references in the result).
  • Change string-representations (result of repr()) of Configuration and ConfigurationSequence to be more like builtin types.

0.14 (2023-02-28)

  • Add system-wide .../name/name.yaml paths to the default load order, aiding in the use configuration directories (e.g. in containerized setups).
  • Ensure non-confidence values can be dumped, enabling dumping of arbitrary bits of configuration.

0.13 (2023-01-02)

  • Avoid checking for existence of files, try to open them instead.
  • Fix dumping / serialization issues by unwrapping complex wrapper types to their simple counterparts during initialization of Configuration.

0.12 (2022-03-01)

  • Use named loggers, default confidence.* library loggers to silence as described in the docs.
  • Resolve references in sequences.

0.11 (2021-11-25)

  • Parse values of environment variables as YAML values (e.g. NAME_KEY=yes will result in key being True).
  • Add INFO-level logging of files and environment variables being used to load configuration.

0.10 (2021-08-04)

  • Remove configurable key separator, hardcode the default.
  • Rename enumeration values (like Locality.USER) to be upper case.
  • Add dump, dumpf and dumps functions to dump Configuration instances to YAML format.

0.9 (2021-02-01)

  • Add type hints to confidence.

0.8 (2020-12-14)

  • Add human-readable reprs to Configuration and ConfigurationSequence.
  • Make ConfigurationSequence more list-like by enabling addition operator (configured_sequence + [1, 2, 3] or (1, 2, 3) + configured_sequence).

0.7 (2020-07-10)

  • Auto-wrap configured sequences to enable 'list-of-dicts' style configuration while retaining Configuration functionality.

0.6.3 (2020-01-14)

  • Restrict reference pattern to make a nested pattern work.

0.6.2 (2019-11-25)

  • Make Configuration instances picklable.

0.6.1 (2019-04-12)

  • Fix resolving references during loading when sources passed to Configuration are Configuration instances themselves.

0.6 (2019-04-05)

  • Add Missing policy to control what to do with unconfigured keys on attribute access.
  • Split single-file module into multi-module package (user-facing names importable from confidence package).
  • Raise errors when merging / splitting non-str type keys, avoiding issues with confusing and broken access patterns.

0.5 (2019-02-01)

  • Enable referencing keys from values.
  • Enable customizing load order for load_name through loaders and Locality (default behaviour remains unchanged).

0.4.1 (2018-11-26)

  • Warn about attribute access to configuration keys that collide with Configuration members.

0.4 (2018-07-09)

  • Enable escaping underscores in environment variables (NAME_FOO__BAR results in config.foo_bar).
  • Use yaml.safe_load to avoid security issues with yaml.load.
  • Raise AttributeError when attempting to set a non-protected attribute on a Configuration instance.

0.3 (2018-05-24)

  • Enable ignoring missing files in loadf.
  • Fix crashes when reading empty or comment-only yaml files.

0.2 (2018-03-06)

  • Read files from XDG-specified directories.
  • Read files form system-wide and user-local directories specified in environment variables PROGRAMDATA, APPDATA and LOCALAPPDATA (in that order).
  • Read files from /Library/Preferences and ~/Library/Preferences.

0.1.1 (2018-01-12)

  • Expand user dirs for arguments to loadf, including values for EXAMPLE_CONFIG_FILE environment variables.

0.1 (2017-12-18)

  • Initial release.

Project details

Download files

Download the file for your platform. If you're not sure which to choose, learn more about installing packages.

Source Distributions

No source distribution files available for this release.See tutorial on generating distribution archives.

Built Distribution

confidence-0.15-py3-none-any.whl (20.2 kB view hashes)

Uploaded Python 3

Supported by

AWS AWS Cloud computing and Security Sponsor Datadog Datadog Monitoring Fastly Fastly CDN Google Google Download Analytics Microsoft Microsoft PSF Sponsor Pingdom Pingdom Monitoring Sentry Sentry Error logging StatusPage StatusPage Status page