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A bafflingly simple, JSON-backed user configuration manager.

Project description


What is it?

A bafflingly simple, JSON-backed configuration manager for Python programs.

Why is it?

I kept implementing roughly the same thing from scratch in my various projects, so I figured it was time to do it properly.

User guide

The confjson.Config class is similar to a ChainMap, and works by means of two JSON files in the same directory:

  • default.config.json
    • The default config file is read-only as far as confjson is concerned. To add default settings, manually edit the file.
    • If the file does not exist, there are no defaults.
    • This file will typically be version controlled along with the code.
  • user.config.json
    • Any changes made to the config (and saved) at runtime end up in this file.
    • If the file does not exist, it will be created when changes are saved.
    • User settings take priority over default settings.
    • This file should probably be added to .gitignore or such.


config = confjson.Config(MY_DIR).load()

# If the supplied path refers to a file, confjson will look for config
# files in the containing directory.
# This is mainly to enable the following pattern, using __file__.
configer = confjson.Config(__file__).load()

Data access

# Items in the confjson config are accessed as in a dict.
if "username" in configest["user"]:
	configest["user"]["something_count"] += 1


# The load() method (re-)loads the Config object with values from the
# backing JSON files.

# The save() method saves any changed or added items **to user.config.json only**.

collections.ChainMap comparison

import collections
import confjson

chain_map = collections.ChainMap({}, {"list_in_second_dict": [1, 2, 3]})
print(chain_map.maps[1])  # -> {'list_in_second_dict': [1, 2, 3]}
print(chain_map.maps[0])  # -> {}
print(chain_map.maps[1])  # -> {'list_in_second_dict': [1, 2, 3, 4]}
print(chain_map.maps[0])  # -> {}

conf = confjson.Config(__file__)  # Assuming that our default.config.json contains {"list_in_default_config": [1, 2, 3]}
print(conf._default_dict)  # -> {'list_in_default_config': [1, 2, 3]}
print(conf._user_dict)  # -> {}
print(conf._default_dict)  # -> {'list_in_default_config': [1, 2, 3]}
print(conf._user_dict)  # -> {'list_in_default_config': [1, 2, 3, 4]}

Project details

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