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Mutation testing

Project Description

Cosmic Ray: mutation testing for Python

“Four human beings – changed by space-born cosmic rays into something more than merely human.” — The Fantastic Four

Cosmic Ray is a mutation testing tool for Python 3.

Cosmic Ray is still learning how to walk!

At this time Cosmic Ray is young and incomplete. It doesn’t support all of the mutations it should, its output format is crude, it only supports some forms of test discovery, it may fall over on exotic modules…the list goes on and on. Still, for the adventurous it does work. Hopefully things will improve fairly rapidly.

And, of course, patches and ideas are welcome.

The short version

If you just want to get down to the business of finding and killing mutants, you still need to set a few things up.

Install Cosmic Ray

First install Cosmic Ray. You can do this with pip:

pip install cosmic_ray

or from source:

python install

We recommend installing Cosmic Ray into a virtual environment. Often it makes sense to install it into the virtual environment of the package you want to test.

Create a session and run tests

Now you’re ready to start killing mutants. Cosmic Ray uses a notion of sessions to encompass a full mutation testing suite. Since mutation testing runs can take a long time, and since you might need to stop and start them, sessions store data about the progress of a run. The first step in a full testing run, then, is to initialize a session:

cosmic-ray init --baseline=10 <session name> <top module name> -- <test directory>

This will create a database file called <session name>.json. Once this is created, you can start executing tests with the exec command:

cosmic-ray exec <session name>

Unless there are errors, this won’t print anything.

View the results

Once the execution is complete (i.e., all mutations have been performed and tested), you can see the results of your session with the cr-report command:

cosmic-ray dump <session name> | cr-report

This will print out a bunch of information about the work that was performed, including what kinds of mutants were created, which were killed, and – chillingly – which survived.

Distributed testing with Celery

By default Cosmic Ray does all of its testing locally and serially, running only one test suite at a time. This can be too slow for many real-world testing scenarios. To help speed things up, Cosmic Ray supports distributed mutation testing using Celery to send work to more than one machine. This is more complex to set up, but it makes mutation testing practical for a wider range of projects.

To run Cosmic Ray in distributed mode, you first need to install RabbitMQ. Cosmic Ray uses this message queue (via Celery) to distribute testing tasks. Once installed, start the RabbitMQ server. This is very platform-specific, so see the instructions for RabbitMQ on how to do this.

Once RabbitMQ is running, you need to start one or more Cosmic Ray worker tasks to listen for commmands on the queue. Start a worker like this:

celery -A cosmic_ray.tasks.worker worker

You can start as many workers as you want. Be aware that these workers - and the processes they spawn - need to be able to import the modules you want to test. As a result, you generally want to start them in the virtual environment into which you’ve installed Cosmic Ray.

Also remember that the workers need to be able to find and execute the tests as expressed to the init command. In other words, if you used cosmic-ray init . . . -- tests to initialize a session, the test loader (whether local or distributed) will look for tests in the test directory. So you need to make sure that the worker processes are running in directory where this makes sense.

Finally, once the worker(s) are running you need to use the --dist flag when you run cosmic-ray exec:

cosmic-ray exec --dist

Note that all of the other Cosmic Ray commands — init, report, etc. — don’t need the --dist flag; only exec and run use it.

Further documentation is available at readthedocs.

Release History

Release History

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File Name & Checksum SHA256 Checksum Help Version File Type Upload Date
cosmic_ray-2.0.2-py3-none-any.whl (42.3 kB) Copy SHA256 Checksum SHA256 3.6 Wheel Oct 9, 2017
cosmic_ray-2.0.2.tar.gz (28.5 kB) Copy SHA256 Checksum SHA256 Source Oct 9, 2017

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