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A password hashing framework with bcrypt and pbkdf2.

Project description


cryptacular is a collection of password hashing functions that share a common interface. It’s designed to make it easy for you to migrate away from your half-assed custom password scheme. Use bcrypt if you are able to run C code in your Python and pbkdf2 if you are not.

cryptacular’s interface was inspired by zope.password. Unlike zope.password it includes schemes that are strong enough for modern use and it does not depend on zope. explains why bcrypt is a good idea. Computers are fast now. To protect our users against a leaked password database, we should use password hashes that take a little longer to check than sha1(salt + hash). bcrypt and pbkdf2 have parametric complexity so they can be made stronger as computers continue to get faster.

cryptacular ships with 100% test coverage.


cryptacular.core defines the DelegatingPasswordManager and the interfaces PasswordChecker and PasswordManager. DelegatingPasswordManager fallbacks are PasswordChecker instances that need not implement password encoding, e.g. do not implement InsecurePasswordScheme().encode()

>>> import cryptacular.core
>>> import cryptacular.bcrypt
>>> import cryptacular.pbkdf2
>>> bcrypt = cryptacular.bcrypt.BCRYPTPasswordManager()
>>> pbkdf2 = cryptacular.pbkdf2.PBKDF2PasswordManager()
>>> delegator = cryptacular.core.DelegatingPasswordManager(preferred=bcrypt, fallbacks=(pbkdf2,))
>>> users = {'one':{'password':'xyzzy'}, 'two':{'password':u'hashy the \N{SNOWMAN}'}}
>>> for key in users: users[key]['hash'] = pbkdf2.encode(users[key]['password'])
>>> bcrypt.match(users['one']['password'])
>>> def set_hash(hash): users['one']['hash'] = hash
>>> delegator.check(users['one']['hash'], users['one']['password'], setter=set_hash)
>>> bcrypt.match(users['one']['hash'])
>>> def set_hash(hash): raise Exception("Should not re-set a preferred hash")
>>> delegator.check(users['one']['hash'], users['one']['password'], setter=set_hash)
>>> bcrypt.match(users['two']['hash'])
>>> pbkdf2.match(users['two']['hash'])
>>> delegator.check(users['two']['hash'], users['two']['password'])
>>> bcrypt.match(users['two']['hash'])
>>> pbkdf2.match(users['two']['hash'])


cryptacular.bcrypt uses ctypes to access the public-domain crypt_blowfish ( which is bundled with cryptacular. You should use this if you can.


cryptacular.pbkdf2 applies the pbkdf2 key derivation algorithm described in RFC 2898 as a password hash. It uses M2Crypto.EVP.pbkdf2 with a Python fallback when M2Crypto is not available.


  • cryptacular is now a namespace package. Compatible password hashing implementations can go under cryptacular.``name``


  • Initial release

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