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Tagging engine. Store and draw tag clouds.

Project description

cs.tags Package Readme


This package provides an engine that allows users to assign tags to items.

Clouds Engine

Use this package if you want to draw tag clouds or want to retrieve othe info
related to tagging.

>>> from cs.tags.clouds import CloudsEngine

The clouds engine stores the tags that each user assigns to an item. Tags, users
and items info is stored according a model in order to speed up retrieval. This
mean that the data structures will conteins precalculated tag clouds prepeared
to be drawed as fast as possible.

>>> clouds_engine = CloudsEngine()
>>> clouds_engine
<CloudsEngine tags=0>

In the beggining, the clouds engine doesn't contain anything:

>>> clouds_engine.getCloud()
([], 0, 0)

Each user can add to the engine his set of tags assignated to a given item. For
this proposal, the ``update()`` method mantains the user-centric relations
between items and tags:

>>> clouds_engine.update(item=1, user='Nando Quintana',
>>> clouds_engine.update(item=2, user='Nando Quintana', tags=['complex','energy'])
>>> clouds_engine.update(item=3, user='Erral', tags=['mineral','sources'])
>>> clouds_engine.update(item=3, user='Nando Quintana', tags=['nuclear','power'])

The engine is now able of returning a tag cloud information, based on the
updates mades until this moment:

>>> clouds_engine.getCloud()
([('energy', 2), ('complex', 1), ('green', 1), ('mineral', 1), ('nuclear', 1),
('power', 1), ('simple', 1), ('sources', 1)], 9, 8)

The ``getCloud()`` method returns this peculiar data structure. Showed info is
composed by a tag lists and two numbers. The tag list is indeed a list of
tuples, that contains the string tag and the weight in the cloud. Second number
means the number of tagged items, and third, the number of tags in the clouds.

Optionally, you can give a maximum number of tag you want to include in your tag

>>> clouds_engine.getCloud(n=5)
([('energy', 2), ('complex', 1), ('green', 1), ('mineral', 1), ('nuclear',
1)], 9, 5)

If you want to draw a clouds of tags, posted by a single user, you can tell the
``getCloud()`` method which is the user you want to use as filter:

>>> clouds_engine.getCloud(users='Nando Quintana')
([('energy', 2), ('complex', 1), ('green', 1), ('nuclear', 1), ('power', 1),
('simple', 1)], 7, 6)

You can also filter the cloud by item:

>>> clouds_engine.getCloud(items=3, users='Nando Quintana', n=5)
([('nuclear', 1), ('power', 1)], 2, 2)

Or ask the engine a tag cloud in relation to a single item:

>>> clouds_engine.getCloud(items=3, n=5)
([('mineral', 1), ('nuclear', 1), ('power', 1), ('sources', 1)], 4, 4)

Implicit knowledge

There is more information you can extract from the engine. For example, you can
draw a cloud with the tags that have been inserted in common items. Doing this,
you can build implicit knowledge from the users tagging habits.

>>> clouds_engine.update(item=4, user='Nando Quintana', tags=['nuclear','power'])
>>> clouds_engine.update(item=5, user='Nando Quintana',
>>> clouds_engine.update(item=5, user='Erral', tags=['black','power'])

>>> clouds_engine.getRelatedTags(tag='power')
([('nuclear', 3)], 3, 1)

Other info you can build from the tagging behaviour is the relation between items:

>>> clouds_engine.getRelatedItems(item=3)
([(4, 2), (5, 2)], 4, 2)

So in this example, item ``3`` has ``2`` tags in common wiht item ``4``, and
other ``2`` wich item ``5``.

As in the case of tags and items, you can also discover the implicit relations
between users, according to the tagging history:

>>> clouds_engine.getRelatedUsers(user='Erral')
([('Nando Quintana', 1)], 1, 1)

The results show that ``Erral`` and ``Nando Quintana`` have a tag in common.

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