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Data-Centric Parallel Programming Framework

Project description

DaCe - Data-Centric Parallel Programming

Decoupling domain science from performance optimization.

DaCe compiles code in various programming languages and paradigms (Python/Numpy, MATLAB, TensorFlow) and maps it efficiently to CPUs, GPUs, and FPGAs with high utilization, on par with the state-of-the-art. The key feature driving DaCe is its Stateful DataFlow multiGraph (SDFG) data-centric intermediate representation: A transformable, interactive representation of code based on data movement. With data-centric parallel programming, we enable direct knowledge transfer of performance optimization, regardless of the scientific application or the target processor.

DaCe can be written inline in Python and transformed in the command-line, or SDFGs can be interactively modified using the Data-centric Interactive Optimization Development Environment (DIODE).

For more information, see our paper.


Installation and Dependencies

To install: pip install dace

Runtime dependencies:

  • A C++14-capable compiler (e.g., gcc 5.3+)
  • Python 3.5 or newer

Running DIODE may require additional dependencies:

  • sudo apt-get install libgtksourceviewmm-3.0-dev libyaml-dev
  • sudo apt-get install python3-cairo python3-gi-cairo libgirepository1.0-dev xdot libwebkitgtk-dev libwebkitgtk-3.0-dev libwebkit2gtk-4.0-dev
  • pip install pygobject matplotlib

To run DIODE on Windows, use MSYS2:

  • Download from
  • In the MSYS2 console, install all dependencies: pacman -S mingw-w64-i686-gtk3 mingw-w64-i686-python2-gobject mingw-w64-i686-python3-gobject mingw-w64-i686-python3-cairo mingw-w64-i686-python3-pip mingw-w64-i686-gtksourceviewmm3 mingw-w64-i686-gcc mingw-w64-i686-boost mingw-w64-i686-python3-numpy mingw-w64-i686-python3-scipy mingw-w64-i686-python3-matplotlib
  • Update MSYS2: pacman -Syu, close and restart MSYS2, then run pacman -Su to update the rest of the packages.


If you use DaCe, cite us:

  author = {Ben-Nun, Tal and de Fine Licht, Johannes and Ziogas, Alexandros Nikolaos and Schneider, Timo and Hoefler, Torsten},
        title = {Stateful Dataflow Multigraphs: A Data-Centric Model for High-Performance Parallel Programs},
  journal   = {CoRR},
  volume    = {abs/1902.10345},
  year      = {2019},
  url       = {},
  archivePrefix = {arXiv},
  eprint    = {1902.10345}


DaCe creates a file called .dace.conf in the user's home directory. It provides useful settings that can be modified either directly in the file (YAML), within DIODE, or overriden on a case-by-case basis using environment variables that begin with DACE_ and specify the setting (where categories are separated by underscores). The full configuration schema is located here.

Useful environment variable configurations include:

  • DACE_CONFIG (default: ~/.dace.conf): Override DaCe configuration file choice.

Context configuration:

  • DACE_use_cache (default: False): Uses DaCe program cache instead of re-optimizing and compiling programs.
  • DACE_debugprint (default: True): Print debugging information.

CPU target configuration:

  • DACE_compiler_cpu_executable (default: g++): Chooses the default C++ compiler for CPU code.
  • DACE_compiler_cpu_additional_args (default: None): Additional compiler flags (separated by spaces).

SDFG processing:

  • DACE_optimizer_interface (default: dace.transformation.optimizer.SDFGOptimizer): Controls the SDFG optimization process. If empty or class name is invalid, skips process. By default, uses the transformation command line interface.
  • DACE_optimizer_visualize (default: False): Visualizes optimization process by saving .dot (GraphViz) files after each pattern replacement.


  • DACE_profiling (default: False): Enables profiling measurement of the DaCe program runtime in milliseconds. Produces a log file and prints out median runtime.
  • DACE_treps (default: 100): Number of repetitions to run a DaCe program when profiling is enabled.


DaCe is an open-source project. We are happy to accept Pull Requests with your contributions!


DaCe is published under the New BSD license, see LICENSE.

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